born vs natural what difference

what is difference between born and natural

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈbɔːn/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈbɔɹn/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)n
  • Homophones: borne, bourn, bourne, Bourne (in accents with the horse-hoarse merger), bawn (in non-rhotic accents)

Etymology 1

From Middle English born, boren, borne, iborne, from Old English boren, ġeboren, from Proto-West Germanic *boran, *giboran, from Proto-Germanic *buranaz, past participle of Proto-Germanic *beraną (to bear, carry), equivalent to bear +‎ -en. Cognate with Saterland Frisian gebooren (born), West Frisian berne (born), Dutch geboren (born), German geboren (born), Swedish boren (born).

Verb

born

  1. past participle of bear; given birth to.
  2. (obsolete) past participle of bear in other senses.
    • 1784, Thomas Sheridan, Life of Dr. Swift, Section I
      In some monasteries the severity of the clausure is hard to be born.

Translations

Adjective

born (not comparable)

  1. Having from birth (or as if from birth) a certain quality or character; innate; inherited.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

  • borne
  • , née

Etymology 2

Dialectal variant of burn.

Noun

born (plural borns)

  1. (Tyneside) Alternative spelling of burn (a stream)

References

  • Frank Graham (1987) The New Geordie Dictionary, →ISBN

Verb

born (third-person singular simple present borns, present participle bornin, simple past and past participle bornt)

  1. (Tyneside) Alternative spelling of burn (with fire etc.)

References

  • Newcastle 1970s, Scott Dobson and Dick Irwin, [1]

Anagrams

  • Brno, Norb

Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

born f (plural bornen)

  1. (dialectal) Obsolete form of bron.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Alternative forms

  • barn

Noun

born n

  1. indefinite plural of barn


English

Alternative forms

  • naturall (obsolete)
  • nat’ral (AAVE)

Etymology

From Middle English natural, borrowed from Old French natural, naturel, from Latin nātūrālis, from nātus, the perfect participle of nāscor (be born, verb).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: năchʹə-rəl, năchʹrəl IPA(key): /ˈnætʃ.ə.ɹəl/, /ˈnætʃ.ɹəl/
  • (General American) enPR: năchʹər-əl, năchʹ(ə-)rəl, IPA(key): /ˈnætʃ.ɚ.əl/, /ˈnætʃ.(ə.)ɹəl/
  • Rhymes: -ætʃəɹəl, -ætʃɹəl
  • Hyphenation: nat‧u‧ral, natu‧ral

Adjective

natural (comparative more natural, superlative most natural)

  1. That exists and evolved within the confines of an ecosystem.
  2. Of or relating to nature.
  3. Without artificial additives.
  4. As expected; reasonable.
  5. (music) Neither sharp nor flat. Denoted ♮.
  6. (music) Produced by natural organs, such as those of the human throat, in distinction from instrumental music.
  7. (music) Applied to an air or modulation of harmony which moves by easy and smooth transitions, digressing but little from the original key.# (mathematics) Having 1 as the base of the system, of a function or number.
  8. Without, or prior to, modification or adjustment.
    1. (dice games) The result of a dice roll before bonuses or penalties are added to or subtracted from the result.
  9. Having the character or sentiments properly belonging to one’s position; not unnatural in feelings.
  10. (obsolete) Connected by the ties of consanguinity.
  11. Related genetically but not legally to one’s father; born out of wedlock, illegitimate.
    • 1990, Roy Porter, English Society in the 18th Century, Penguin 1991, p. 264:
      Dr Erasmus Darwin set up his two illegitimate daughters as the governesses of a school, noting that natural children often had happier (because less pretentious) upbringings than legitimate.
  12. (of sexual intercourse) Without a condom.
  13. (bridge) Bidding in an intuitive way that reflects one’s actual hand.

Synonyms

  • (exists in an ecosystem): see Thesaurus:innate or Thesaurus:native
  • (as expected): inevitable, necessary, reasonable; See also Thesaurus:inevitable
  • (without adjustment): see Thesaurus:raw
  • (connected by consanguinity): see Thesaurus:consanguine
  • (born out of wedlock): see Thesaurus:illegitimate
  • (without a condom): see Thesaurus:condomless

Antonyms

  • (exists in an ecosystem): aberrant, abnormal, artificial
  • (as expected): see Thesaurus:strange
  • (without additives): processed
  • (bridge): conventional

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Noun

natural (plural naturals)

  1. (now rare) A native inhabitant of a place, country etc. [from 16th c.]
    • 1615, Ralph Hamor, A True Discourse of the Present State of Virginia, Richmond 1957, page 3:
      I coniecture and assure my selfe that yee cannot be ignorant by what meanes this peace hath bin thus happily both for our proceedings and the welfare of the Naturals concluded […].
  2. (music) A note that is not or is no longer to be modified by an accidental. [from 17th c.]
  3. (music) The symbol ♮ used to indicate such a natural note.
  4. One with an innate talent at or for something. [from 18th c.]
  5. An almost white colour, with tints of grey, yellow or brown; originally that of natural fabric. [from 20th c.]
  6. (archaic) One with a simple mind; a fool or idiot.
    • 1633, A Banqvet of Jests: or, Change of Cheare. Being a collection, of Moderne Ieſts. Witty Ieeres. Pleaſant Taunts. Merry Tales. The Second Part newly publiſhed, page 30:
      A Noble-man tooke a great liking to a naturall, and had covenanted with his parents to take him from them and to keepe him for his pleaſure, and demanding of the Ideot if he would ſerve him, he made him this anſwere, My Father ſaith he, got me to be his foole of my mother, now if you long to have a foole; go & without doubt you may get one of your owne wife.
  7. (colloquial, chiefly Britain) One’s natural life.
    • 1929, Frederic Manning, The Middle Parts of Fortune, Vintage 2014, page 155:
      ‘Sergeant-Major Robinson came in in the middle of it, and you’ve never seen a man look more surprised in your natural.’
  8. (US, colloquial) A hairstyle for people with Afro-textured hair in which the hair is not straightened or otherwise treated.
    • 2002, Maxine Leeds Craig, Ain’t I a Beauty Queen?: Black Women, Beauty, and the Politics of Race, Oxford University Press →ISBN
      Chinosole, who stopped straightening her hair and cut it into a natural while at a predominantly white college, was quite uneasy with the style
    • 2012, Jack Canfield, Mark Victor Hansen, Chicken Soup for the African American Soul: Celebrating and Sharing Our Culture One Story at a Time, Simon and Schuster →ISBN
      I wanted to do it for so long — throw out my chemically relaxed hair for a natural.
    • 2015, Carmen M. Cusack, HAIR AND JUSTICE: Sociolegal Significance of Hair in Criminal Justice, Constitutional Law, and Public Policy, Charles C Thomas Publisher →ISBN, page 155
      Third, it insinuates that black afro hairstyles (e.g., naturals) relate to African cultural heritage, which is largely untrue.
  9. (algebra) Closed under submodules, direct sums, and injective hulls.

Translations

Adverb

natural (comparative more natural, superlative most natural)

  1. (colloquial, dialect) Naturally; in a natural manner.

See also

  • Appendix:Colors

References

  • natural in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • natural in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Catalan

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin naturalis, attested from the 14th century.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central) IPA(key): /nə.tuˈɾal/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /na.tuˈɾal/

Adjective

natural (masculine and feminine plural naturals)

  1. natural

Derived terms

  • gas natural
  • naturalesa
  • naturalisme
  • naturalitzar
  • naturalment
  • nombre natural
  • selecció natural

Related terms

  • naturalitat

Noun

natural m or f (plural naturals)

  1. native, natural (person who is native to a place)
    Synonym: nadiu

Noun

natural m (plural naturals)

  1. nature (innate characteristics of a person)

Related terms

  • natura

References

Further reading

  • “natural” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “natural” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “natural” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Galician

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin naturalis.

Pronunciation

Adjective

natural m or f (plural naturais)

  1. natural

Derived terms

  • naturalmente

Noun

natural m or f (plural naturais)

  1. native, natural

Synonyms

  • nativo

Noun 2

natural m (plural naturais)

  1. nature (innate characteristics of a person)

Related terms

  • natureza

Further reading

  • “natural” in Dicionario da Real Academia Galega, Royal Galician Academy.

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • naturel, naturalle, naturelle, naturell, naturall, naturill

Etymology

From Old French natural, from Latin nātūrālis; equivalent to nature +‎ -al.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /naːˈtiu̯ral/, /naːˈtiu̯rɛl/, /naˈtiu̯ral/, /naˈtiu̯rɛl/

Adjective

natural

  1. intrinsic, fundamental, basic; relating to natural law.
  2. natural (preexisting; present or due to nature):
    1. usual, regular (i.e. as found in nature)
    2. well; in good heath or condition.
    3. inherited; due to one’s lineage.
    4. inborn; due to one’s natural reasoning (rather than a deity’s intervention)
  3. Nourishing; healthful or beneficial to one’s body.
  4. Misbegotten; conceived outside of marriage
  5. Correct, right, fitting.
  6. Diligent in performing one’s societal obligations.
  7. (rare) Endemic, indigenous.
  8. (rare) Bodily; relating to one’s human form.

Related terms

  • supernatural

Descendants

  • English: natural
  • Scots: naitural

References

  • “nātūrāl, adj.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-06-14.

Old French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin nātūrālis.

Adjective

natural m (oblique and nominative feminine singular naturale)

  1. natural

Related terms

  • nature
  • naistre

Descendants

  • Middle English: natural
    • English: natural
    • Scots: naitural
  • French: naturel
    • Breton: naturel

Piedmontese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /natyˈral/
  • Rhymes: -al

Adjective

natural

  1. natural

Portuguese

Etymology

From Old Portuguese natural, borrowed from Latin nātūrālis.

Pronunciation

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /nɐ.tu.ˈɾaɫ/
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /na.tu.ˈɾaw/, [n̪ɐ.t̪ʊ.ˈɾäʊ̯]
  • Hyphenation: na‧tu‧ral

Adjective

natural m or f (plural naturais, comparable)

  1. natural
  2. native of, from
    Synonyms: originário, oriundo
  3. room-temperature (of liquids)

Antonyms

  • (room-temperature): fresco

Related terms

  • natura
  • naturalidade
  • naturalismo
  • naturalístico
  • naturalizar
  • naturalmente
  • natureza
  • naturismo

Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin nātūrālis, French naturel, Italian naturale.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /na.tuˈral/

Adjective

natural m or n (feminine singular naturală, masculine plural naturali, feminine and neuter plural naturale)

  1. natural

Further reading

  • natural in DEX online – Dicționare ale limbii române (Dictionaries of the Romanian language)

Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin nātūrālis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /natuˈɾal/, [na.t̪uˈɾal]
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Hyphenation: na‧tu‧ral

Adjective

natural (plural naturales)

  1. natural (of or relating to nature)
  2. natural, plain (without artificial additives)
  3. natural (as expected; reasonable)
    Synonym: normal
  4. (of a day) being a calendar day
  5. (music) natural (neither sharp nor flat)
  6. (of a child) illegitimate (born to unmarried parents)
    Synonym: ilegítimo
    Antonym: legítimo
  7. (of a drink) room-temperature (neither heated nor chilled)

Derived terms

Related terms

  • natura (nature)
  • naturaleza (nature)
  • naturalidad (naturalness)

Further reading

  • “natural” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

Tagalog

Etymology

Borrowed from Spanish natural (natural).

Adjective

naturál

  1. natural

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