bounce vs saltation what difference

what is difference between bounce and saltation

English

Etymology

From Middle English bunsen (to beat, thump), perhaps imitative. Compare Low German bunsen (to beat), Dutch bonzen (to thump, knock, throb), and akin to bonken (to bang, smash), and possibly English bang.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: bouns, IPA(key): /baʊns/
  • Rhymes: -aʊns

Verb

bounce (third-person singular simple present bounces, present participle bouncing, simple past and past participle bounced)

  1. (intransitive) To change the direction of motion after hitting an obstacle.
  2. (intransitive) To move quickly up and then down, or vice versa, once or repeatedly.
  3. (transitive) To cause to move quickly up and down, or back and forth, once or repeatedly.
  4. (transitive, colloquial) To suggest or introduce (an idea, etc.) to (off or by) somebody, in order to gain feedback.
  5. (intransitive) To leap or spring suddenly or unceremoniously; to bound.
    • 1731, Jonathan Swift, On Mr. Pulteney’s Being Put Out of the Council
      Out bounced the mastiff.
  6. To move rapidly (between).
  7. (intransitive, informal, of a cheque/check) To be refused by a bank because it is drawn on insufficient funds.
  8. (transitive, informal) To fail to cover (have sufficient funds for) (a draft presented against one’s account).
  9. (intransitive, slang) To leave.
  10. (US, slang, dated) To eject violently, as from a room; to discharge unceremoniously, as from employment.
    • 1946, Yachting (volume 80, page 46)
      Nobody took umbrage and bounced me out of the Union for being a pro.
  11. (intransitive, slang, African-American Vernacular) (sometimes employing the preposition with) To have sexual intercourse.
  12. (transitive, air combat) To attack unexpectedly.
  13. (intransitive, electronics) To turn power off and back on; to reset.
  14. (transitive, intransitive, Internet, of an e-mail message) To return undelivered.
  15. (intransitive, aviation) To land hard and lift off again due to excess momentum.
  16. (intransitive, skydiving) To land hard at unsurvivable velocity with fatal results.
  17. (transitive, sound recording) To mix (two or more tracks of a multi-track audio tape recording) and record the result onto a single track, in order to free up tracks for further material to be added.
  18. (slang, archaic) To bully; to scold.
  19. (slang, archaic) To boast; to bluster.
  20. (archaic) To strike or thump, so as to rebound, or to make a sudden noise; to knock loudly.
    • 1708, John Partridge, Squire Bickerstaff Detected
      Another bounces as hard as he can knock.

Synonyms

  • (change direction of motion after hitting an obstacle): bounce back, rebound
  • (move quickly up and down): bob
  • (have sexual intercourse): bang, do it, have sex; see also Thesaurus:copulate

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

bounce (countable and uncountable, plural bounces)

  1. A change of direction of motion after hitting the ground or an obstacle.
  2. A movement up and then down (or vice versa), once or repeatedly.
  3. (Internet) An email that returns to the sender because of a delivery failure.
  4. The sack, licensing.
  5. A bang, boom.
    • 1773, Oliver Goldsmith, She Stoops to Conquer
      I don’t value her resentment the bounce of a cracker.
  6. (archaic) A drink based on brandyW.
  7. (archaic) A heavy, sudden, and often noisy, blow or thump.
    • 1685, John Dryden, The Despairing Lover
      The bounce burst ope[sic] the door.
  8. (archaic) Bluster; brag; untruthful boasting; audacious exaggeration; an impudent lie; a bouncer.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)
    • 1827, Thomas De Quincey, On Murder Considered as one of the Fine Arts
      And, in fact, the whole story is a bounce of his own. For, in a most abusive letter which he wrote “to a learned person,” (meaning Wallis the mathematician,) he gives quite another account of the matter
  9. Scyliorhinus canicula, a European dogfish.
  10. A genre of New Orleans music.
  11. (slang, African-American Vernacular) Drugs.
  12. (slang, African-American Vernacular) Swagger.
  13. (slang, African-American Vernacular) A ‘good’ beat.
  14. (slang, African-American Vernacular) A talent for leaping.

Synonyms

  • (change of direction of motion after hitting an obstacle): rebound
  • (movement up and down): bob, bobbing (repeated), bouncing (repeated)
  • (talent for leaping): ups, mad ups

Derived terms

  • bouncy
  • on the bounce

Translations

References



English

Etymology

From Latin saltus (to leap).

Noun

saltation (countable and uncountable, plural saltations)

  1. A leap, jump or dance.
    • 1814, Walter Scott, Waverley, 1830, Waverley Novels: Volume 1, page 205,
      [] still keeping time to the music like Harlequin in a pantomime, he thrust a letter into our hero′s hand, and continued his saltation without pause or intermission.
  2. Beating or palpitation.
    the saltation of the great artery
  3. (biology) A sudden change from one generation to the next; a mutation.
  4. Any abrupt transition.
    • 2002, Mark Hollins, 14: Touch and Haptics, Steven Yantis (editor), Stevens′ Handbook of Experimental Psychology, Sensation and Perception, page 602,
      Thus, a tap that precedes the final one by a tenth of a second will likely appear to be midway between the contactors, whereas a tap preceding the final one by only 20 ms will appear to be virtually superimposed on it. Because the overall experience is of a stimulus jumping from place to place, Geldard called the phenomenon saltation. [] First, saltation can occur only over a limited distance: A tap on the shoulder will not be drawn toward a later one delivered to the foot.
  5. (geology, fluid mechanics) The transport of loose particles by a fluid (such as wind or flowing water).
    • 1987, Ronald Greeley, James D. Iversen, Wind as a Geological Process: On Earth, Mars, Venus and Titan, page 98,
      Of extreme importance in the saltation phenomenon is the vertical distribution of particles, as well as total flux, as functions of the wind speed. The formations of all scales of bed formations, from centimeter-size ripples to kilometer-size dunes, are all due to the saltation process.
    • 2004, Basil Gomez, Mobile Bed, entry in Andrew Goudie (editor), Encyclopedia of Geomorphology, Volume 2, page 685,
      Saltation rapidly becomes the dominant type of motion as the flow intensity increases further, and at still higher flow intensities suspension begins to dominate. [] There is also an important difference between the movement of particles by saltation, in air and in water.
    • 2006, David McClung, Peter Schaerer, The Avalanche Handbook, page 33,
      Rolling is thought to account for about 10% of the mass when creep and saltation occur together. [] The transition from saltation to suspension occurs when the wind speed exceeds about 15 m/s.

Derived terms

  • saltation layer
  • saltation velocity

Anagrams

  • atonalist, stational

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