bout vs turn what difference

what is difference between bout and turn

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbaʊt/
  • (Canada) IPA(key): /bʌʊt/
  • Homophone: ’bout

Etymology 1

From Middle English bught, probably from an unrecorded variant of Old English byht (a bend), from Proto-Germanic *buhtiz (a bend). See bight, bought.

Noun

bout (plural bouts)

  1. A period of something, especially one painful or unpleasant.
    a bout of drought.
  2. (boxing) A boxing match.
  3. (fencing) An assault (a fencing encounter) at which the score is kept.
  4. (roller derby) A roller derby match.
  5. A fighting competition.
    • 1883, Howard Pyle, The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood Chapter V
      Then they had bouts of wrestling and of cudgel play, so that every day they gained in skill and strength.
  6. (music) A bulge or widening in a musical instrument, such as either of the two characteristic bulges of a guitar.
  7. (dated) The going and returning of a plough, or other implement used to mark the ground and create a headland, across a field.
    • 1809, A Letter to Sir John Sinclair [] containing a Statement of the System under which a considerable Farm is profitably managed in Hertfordshire. Given at the request of the Board. By Thomas Greg, Esq., published in The Farmer’s Magazine, page 395:
      The outside bout of each land is ploughed two inches deeper, and from thence the water runs into cross furrows, which are dug with a spade [] I have an instrument of great power, called a scarifier, for this purpose. It is drawn by four horses, and completely prepares the land for the seed at each bout.
    • 1922, An Ingenious One-Way Agrimotor, published in The Commercial Motor, volume 34, published by Temple Press, page 32:
      It is in this manner that the ploughs are reversed at the termination of each bout of the field.
    • 1976, Claude Culpin, Farm Machinery, page 60:
      The last two rounds must be ploughed shallower, and on the last bout the strip left should be one furrow width for a two-furrow plough, two for a three-furrow, and so on. []
Translations

Verb

bout (third-person singular simple present bouts, present participle bouting, simple past and past participle bouted)

  1. To contest a bout.

Etymology 2

Written form of a reduction of about.

Preposition

bout

  1. (colloquial) Aphetic form of about
    They’re talking bout you!
    Maddy is bout to get beat up!

References

Anagrams

  • tubo-

Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch bout, from Old Dutch *bolt, from Proto-West Germanic *bolt, from Proto-Germanic *bultaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɑu̯t/
  • Hyphenation: bout
  • Rhymes: -ɑu̯t
  • Homophones: boud, bouwt

Noun

bout m (plural bouten, diminutive boutje n)

  1. bolt (threaded metal cylinder)
    • 2004, Wim Ravesteijn, Jan H. Kop, Bouwen in de Archipel. Burgerlijke openbare werken in Nederlands-Indië 1800-2000, page 104.
  2. haunch, leg of an animal as food
    • 2010, Ilse D’hooge, Het complete Libelle pastaboek.
    Synonyms: poot, schenkel
  3. (vulgar) turd
    Synonyms: drol, poep
  4. bolt (crossbow arrow)
    • 1875, Willem Jacob Hofdijk, De oude schutterij in Nederland, page 19.
    Synonyms: kruisboogbout, schicht
  5. (Suriname) thigh
  6. bar, rod
    Synonyms: staaf, stang
  7. (archaic) darling, sweetheart, dear
    Synonyms: lieverd, lieveling, schat, schattebout
  8. iron (apparatus for ironing clothing)
    • 1986, Jan Terlouw, Gevangenis met een open deur, page 21.
    Synonyms: strijkbout, strijkijzer

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Berbice Creole Dutch: bauta
  • Indonesian: baut
  • Papiamentu: bout

See also

  • moer
  • schroef

French

Etymology

From Middle French, from Old French bout (a blow), derivative of bouter (to strike), of Germanic origin. More at bouter.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bu/, (sense 3) /but/
  • Rhymes: -u
  • Homophones: boue, boues, bous, bou, bout, bouts

Noun

bout m (plural bouts)

  1. end, extremity, tip (of a physical object)
  2. bit, piece, scrap
  3. (nautical) rope

Derived terms

Verb

bout

  1. third-person singular present indicative of bouillir

Further reading

  • “bout” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Old French

Etymology

From bouter (to strike)

Noun

bout m (oblique plural bouz or boutz, nominative singular bouz or boutz, nominative plural bout)

  1. end (extremity)


English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /tɜːn/
  • (General American) enPR: tûrn, IPA(key): /tɝn/
  • Homophones: tern, tarn
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)n

Etymology 1

From Middle English turnen, from Old English turnian, tyrnan (to turn, rotate, revolve) and Old French torner (to turn), both from Latin tornāre (to round off, turn in a lathe), from tornus (lathe), from Ancient Greek τόρνος (tórnos, turning-lathe: a tool used for making circles), from Proto-Indo-European *terh₁- (to rub, rub by turning, turn, twist, bore). Cognate with Old English þrāwan (to turn, twist, wind). Displaced native Old English wendan.

Verb

turn (third-person singular simple present turns, present participle turning, simple past and past participle turned or (obsolete) turnt)

  1. To make a non-linear physical movement.
    1. (intransitive) Of a body, person, etc, to move around an axis through itself.
      • “A fine man, that Dunwody, yonder,” commented the young captain, as they parted, and as he turned to his prisoner. “We’ll see him on in Washington some day. He is strengthening his forces now against Mr. Benton out there. [].”
    2. (transitive) To change the direction or orientation of, especially by rotation.
    3. (intransitive) to change one’s direction of travel.
    4. (transitive) To shape (something) symmetrically by rotating it against a stationary cutting tool, as on a lathe.
    5. (by extension) To give form to; to shape or mould; to adapt.
    6. (transitive) To position (something) by folding it, or using its folds.
    7. (transitive, figuratively) To navigate through a book or other printed material.
    8. (transitive, cricket) Of a bowler, to make (the ball) move sideways off the pitch when it bounces.
    9. (intransitive, cricket) Of a ball, to move sideways off the pitch when it bounces.
  2. (intransitive) To change condition or attitude.
    1. (copulative) To become (begin to be).
      Synonyms: become, get
    2. (intransitive) To change the color of the leaves in the autumn.
    3. To change fundamentally; to metamorphose.
      1. (intransitive) To sour or spoil; to go bad.
      2. (transitive) To make acid or sour; to ferment; to curdle.
      3. (transitive, fantasy) To change (a person) into a vampire, werewolf, zombie, etc.
        • 2017, Michael J. Totten, Into the Wasteland: A Zombie Novel
          His companions had turned him on purpose. Annie, bless her heart, was immune.
    4. To reach a certain age.
    5. To hinge; to depend.
    6. To rebel; to go against something formerly tolerated.
    7. To change personal condition.
      1. (professional wrestling) To change personalities, such as from being a face (good guy) to heel (bad guy) or vice versa.
      2. To become giddy; said of the head or brain.
      3. To sicken; to nauseate.
      4. To be nauseated; said of the stomach.
  3. (obsolete, reflexive) To change one’s course of action; to take a new approach.
  4. (transitive, usually with over) To complete.
  5. (transitive) To make (money); turn a profit.
  6. (transitive, soccer) Of a player, to go past an opposition player with the ball in one’s control.
  7. To undergo the process of turning on a lathe.
  8. (obstetrics) To bring down the feet of a child in the womb, in order to facilitate delivery.
  9. (printing, dated) To invert a type of the same thickness, as a temporary substitute for any sort which is exhausted.
  10. (archaic) To translate.
    • 1735, Alexander Pope, The Prologue to the Satires
      who turns a Persian tale for half a crown
  11. (transitive, role-playing games) To magically or divinely attack undead.
Synonyms
  • (move around an axis through itself): rotate, spin, twirl
  • (change the direction or orientation of): rotate
  • (change one’s direction of travel): steer, swerve, tack
  • (nautical)
  • (position (something) by folding it back on itself):
  • (become): become, get, go
  • (rebel): rebel, revolt
  • (shape on a lathe): lathe
  • (go bad): go bad, go off, sour, spoil
  • (complete): complete
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

Partly from Anglo-Norman *torn, from Latin turnus, from Ancient Greek τόρνος (tórnos), and partly an action noun from the verb turn.

Noun

turn (plural turns)

  1. A change of direction or orientation.
  2. A movement of an object about its own axis in one direction that continues until the object returns to its initial orientation.
    1. (geometry) A unit of plane angle measurement based on this movement.
  3. A walk to and fro.
    Synonym: promenade
  4. A chance to use (something) shared in sequence with others.
  5. A spell of work, especially the time allotted to a person in a rota or schedule.
  6. One’s chance to make a move in a game having two or more players.
  7. A figure in music, often denoted ~, consisting of the note above the one indicated, the note itself, the note below the one indicated, and the note itself again.
  8. The time required to complete a project.
    Synonym: turnaround
  9. A fit or a period of giddiness.
  10. A change in temperament or circumstance.
  11. (cricket) A sideways movement of the ball when it bounces (caused by rotation in flight).
  12. (poker) The fourth communal card in Texas hold ’em.
  13. (poker, obsolete) The flop (the first three community cards) in Texas hold ’em.
  14. A deed done to another; an act of kindness or malice.
  15. A single loop of a coil.
  16. (rope) A pass behind or through an object.
  17. Character; personality; nature.
  18. (soccer) An instance of going past an opposition player with the ball in one’s control.
  19. (circus, theater, especially physical comedy) A short skit, act, or routine.
    • 1960, Theatre Notebook (volumes 14-16, page 122)
      Between the pieces were individual turns, comic songs and dances.
  20. (printing, dated) A type turned upside down to serve for another character that is not available.
  21. (Britain, finance, historical) The profit made by a stockjobber, being the difference between the buying and selling prices.
    • 1977, Michael Arthur Firth, Valuation of Shares and the Efficient-markets Theory (page 11)
      There are usually at least two jobbers who specialise in the leading stocks, and this acts to keep the jobber’s turn to a reasonable amount []
Synonyms
  • (change of direction or orientation):
  • (movement about an axis returning to the original orientation): 360° turn, complete rotation, complete turn, full rotation, full turn
  • (single loop of a coil): loop
  • (chance to use (something) shared in sequence with others): go
  • (one’s chance to make a move in a game): go, move
  • (figure in music):
  • (time required to complete a project):
  • (fit or period of giddiness): dizziness, dizzy spell, giddiness
  • (change in temperament or circumstance): change, swing
  • (sideways movement of a cricket ball):
Derived terms
  • See also turning
  • Descendants
    • Japanese: ターン (tān)
    Translations

    Derived terms

    See also

    • Appendix:Parts of the knot
    • ornament
    • trill

    Anagrams

    • runt

    Finnish

    Etymology

    < English turn

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /ˈtøːn/, [ˈt̪ø̞ːn]

    Noun

    turn

    1. (poker) turn (fourth communal card in Texas hold’em)

    Declension

    Synonyms

    • neljäs avokortti

    Icelandic

    Etymology

    From Latin turris (tower). Cognate with Danish tårn and German Turm. First appears in the 12th or 13th century.

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /tʰʏrtn/
    • Rhymes: -ʏrtn

    Noun

    turn m (genitive singular turns, nominative plural turnar)

    1. tower

    Declension


    Norwegian Bokmål

    Etymology

    From the verb turne; compare with German Turnen.

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /tʉːɳ/
    • Rhymes: -ʉːɳ

    Noun

    turn m (indeclinable) (uncountable)

    1. gymnastics (athletic discipline)

    Related terms

    • gymnastikk
    • turner

    References

    • “turn” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

    Norwegian Nynorsk

    Etymology

    From the verb turne

    Noun

    turn m (uncountable)

    1. gymnastics (athletic discipline)

    Related terms

    • gymnastikk

    References

    • “turn” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

    Romanian

    Etymology

    Borrowed from German Turm, from Latin turrem, accusative form of turris.

    Pronunciation

    • IPA(key): /turn/

    Noun

    turn n (plural turnuri)

    1. tower
    2. (chess) rook

    Declension

    Synonyms

    • (chess rook): tură

    See also

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