brain vs wit what difference

what is difference between brain and wit

English

Etymology

From Middle English brayn, brain, from Old English bræġn (brain), from Proto-Germanic *bragną (brain), from Proto-Indo-European *mregʰnom (skull, brain), from Proto-Indo-European *mregʰ- (marrow, sinciput) + *men- (mind, to think). Cognate with Scots braine, brane (brain), North Frisian brayen, brein (brain), Saterland Frisian Brainge (brain), West Frisian brein (brain), Dutch brein (brain), Low German Brägen, Bregen (brain) (whence German Bregen (animal brain)), Ancient Greek βρεχμός (brekhmós, front part of the skull, top of the head).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: brān, IPA(key): /bɹeɪn/
  • Homophone: brane
  • Rhymes: -eɪn

Noun

brain (plural brains)

  1. The control center of the central nervous system of an animal located in the skull which is responsible for perception, cognition, attention, memory, emotion, and action.
    Synonyms: harns; see also Thesaurus:brain
  2. (informal) An intelligent person.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:genius
    1. (plural only) A person who provides the intelligence required for something.
  3. (in the plural) Intellect.
    • 2008 Quaker Action (magazine) Rights trampled in rush to deport immigrant workers, Fall 2008, Vol. 89, No. 3, p. 8:
      “We provided a lot of brains and a lot of heart to the response when it was needed,” says Sandra Sanchez, director of AFSC’s Immigrants’ Voice Program in Des Moines.
    1. (in the singular) An intellectual or mental capacity.
  4. By analogy with a human brain, the part of a machine or computer that performs calculations.
  5. (slang, vulgar) Oral sex.
    • 2012, Mack Maine featuring Turk and Mystikal, I’m On It
      You said I got brain from your dame in the range
      In the passing lane
      But you really ain’t got no proof
  6. (informal, slang) Mind.
  7. A loose compartment of a backpack that straps on over the top opening.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

  • (brain lobes) brain lobe; frontal lobe, occipital lobe, parietal lobe, temporal lobe (Category: en:Brain)

Verb

brain (third-person singular simple present brains, present participle braining, simple past and past participle brained)

  1. (transitive) To dash out the brains of; to kill by smashing the skull.
  2. (transitive, slang) To strike (someone) on the head.
  3. (transitive, figuratively) To destroy; to put an end to.
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To conceive in the mind; to understand.

Quotations

  • For quotations using this term, see Citations:brain.

Translations

Further reading

  • brain on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • Barin, Brian, Rabin, abrin, bairn, brian

Irish

Noun

brain m

  1. inflection of bran:
    1. vocative/genitive singular
    2. nominative/dative plural

Mutation


Middle English

Noun

brain

  1. Alternative form of brayn

Old Irish

Alternative forms

  • broin

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /branʲ/

Noun

brain m

  1. inflection of bran:
    1. vocative/genitive singular
    2. nominative plural

Mutation


Welsh

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /brai̯n/

Noun

brain m pl

  1. plural of brân

Mutation


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: wĭt, IPA(key): /wɪt/
  • Rhymes: -ɪt
  • Homophone: whit (in accents with the wine-whine merger)

Etymology 1

From Middle English wit, from Old English witt (understanding, intellect, sense, knowledge, consciousness, conscience), from Proto-West Germanic *witi, from Proto-Germanic *witją (knowledge, reason), from Proto-Indo-European *weyd- (see, know).

Cognate with Dutch weet, German Witz, Danish vid, Swedish vett, Norwegian Bokmål vett, Gothic ???????????????????????? (unwiti, ignorance), Latin videō (see), Russian ви́деть (vídetʹ). Compare wise.

Noun

wit (countable and uncountable, plural wits)

  1. (now usually in the plural, plural only) Sanity.
  2. (obsolete usually in the plural) The senses.
  3. Intellectual ability; faculty of thinking, reasoning.
  4. The ability to think quickly; mental cleverness, especially under short time constraints.
  5. Intelligence; common sense.
    • 1460-1500, The Towneley Playsː
      I give the wit, I give the strength, of all thou seest, of breadth and length; thou shalt be wonder-wise, mirth and joy to have at will, all thy liking to fulfill, and dwell in paradise.
    • 1609, William Shakespeare, Sonnet 23[1]:
      O, learn to read what silent love hath writ:
      To hear with eyes belongs to love’s fine wit.
  6. Humour, especially when clever or quick.
    • 1991, Stephen Fry, The Liar, p. 37:
      …the cemetery—which people of shattering wit like Sampson never tired of calling ‘the dead centre of town’…
  7. A person who tells funny anecdotes or jokes; someone witty.
Synonyms
  • (intellectual ability): See also Thesaurus:intelligence
Derived terms
Translations

See also

(type of humor):

  • acid
  • biting
  • cutting
  • lambent

Etymology 2

From Middle English witen, from Old English witan, from Proto-West Germanic *witan, from Proto-Germanic *witaną, from Proto-Indo-European *weyd- (see, know).

Cognate with Icelandic vita, Dutch weten, German wissen, Swedish veta, and Latin videō (I see). Compare guide.

Verb

wit (see below for this verb’s conjugation)

  1. (transitive, intransitive, chiefly archaic) Know, be aware of (constructed with of when used intransitively).
    • 1611, King James Version, Exodus 2:3–4:
      And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid it in the flags by the river’s brink. And his sister stood afar off, to wit what would be done to him.
    • 1849, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, St. Luke the Painter, lines 5–8
      but soon having wist
      How sky-breadth and field-silence and this day
      Are symbols also in some deeper way,
      She looked through these to God and was God’s priest.
Usage notes
  • As a preterite-present verb, the third-person singular indicative form is not wits but wot; the plural indicative forms conform to the infinitive: we wit, ye wit, they wit.
  • To wit is now defective because it can only be used in the infinitive.
Conjugation
Derived terms
  • bewit
  • to wit
  • unwitting
  • witness
Translations

Etymology 3

From with.

Pronunciation

  • (Southern American English) (before consonants) IPA(key): /wɪt/, (before yod) /wɪtʃ/

Preposition

wit

  1. (Southern US) Pronunciation spelling of with.

Anagrams

  • Tiw, Twi, twi-

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch wit, from Middle Dutch wit, from Old Dutch *wit, from Proto-Germanic *hwittaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /vət/

Adjective

wit (attributive witte, comparative witter, superlative witste)

  1. white

Balinese

Noun

wit

  1. tree
    Wénten wit poh akéh ring Nagara.

    There are many mango trees in Nagara.

Belizean Creole

Preposition

wit

  1. Alternative form of wid

References

  • Crosbie, Paul, ed. (2007), Kriol-Inglish Dikshineri: English-Kriol Dictionary. Belize City: Belize Kriol Project, p. 374.

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʋɪt/
  • Hyphenation: wit
  • Rhymes: -ɪt

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch wit, from Old Dutch *wit, from Proto-Germanic *hwittaz. The geminate is unexpected as the usual Proto-Germanic form is *hwītaz, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱweytos (shine; bright). The geminate is sometimes explained as being the result of Kluge’s law, thus from a pre-Germanic *kweyd-nos.

Adjective

wit (comparative witter, superlative witst)

  1. white
  2. (chiefly Surinam) having a white skin colour, light-skinned (see usage note)
  3. (Surinam) having a relatively light skin colour
  4. legal
  5. pure, untainted
  6. (archaic) clear-lighted, not dark at all
Usage notes

Recently, wit has come to be used in continental Dutch by some (associated with social justice movements) to refer to a specific skin colour, i.e. to light-skinned people of apparent mostly European descent. Traditionally, the adjective blank has been used there for this purpose, and this usage is by far the most widespread in the Netherlands and Belgium.

Inflection
Synonyms
  • blank
Antonyms
  • zwart
Derived terms
  • witte dovenetel, witte klaver, witwassen
Related terms
  • wijting

Noun

wit n (plural witten, diminutive witje n)

  1. (uncountable) white (color)
  2. (archaic) (short for doelwit (goal, target, the white in a bullseye))
  3. (slang) cocaine
    • 2011, Esther Schenk, Straatwaarde, Luitingh-Sijthoff B.V., →ISBN.
    • 2014, Helen Vreeswijk, Overdosis, Unieboek | Het Spectrum, →ISBN.
Derived terms
  • eiwit
Descendants
  • Afrikaans: wit
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: wete
  • Jersey Dutch: wät
  • Negerhollands: wit, wet

Verb

wit

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of witten
  2. imperative of witten

See also

Etymology 2

From Middle Dutch wit. Ultimately from Proto-West Germanic *witi, from Proto-Germanic *witją (knowledge, reason), from Proto-Indo-European *weyd- (see, know). Related to weten (to know), wis (knowledge) and wijs (wise). Cognate with English wit, German Witz.

Noun

wit n (plural witten, diminutive witje n)

  1. (archaic) ability to think and reason
  2. (archaic) knowledge
Related terms
  • wittig, wittigen, wittiger, verwittigen

Anagrams

  • Twi

Gothic

Romanization

wit

  1. Romanization of ????????????

Javanese

Noun

wit

  1. tree
    Akèh wit pelem ing Semarang.

    There are many mango trees in Semarang.

Louisiana Creole French

Etymology

From French huit.

Numeral

wit

  1. eight

Mauritian Creole

Etymology

From French huit.

Numeral

wit

  1. eight

Middle Dutch

Etymology

From Old Dutch *wit, from Proto-Germanic *hwittaz. The long-vowel variant wijt is from Old Dutch wīt, from Proto-West Germanic *hwīt, from Proto-Germanic *hwītaz.

Adjective

wit

  1. white
  2. clean
  3. pale (of skin)

Inflection

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative forms

  • wijt

Descendants

  • Dutch: wit
  • Limburgish: wiet

Further reading

  • “wit”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “wit (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page I

Middle English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /wit/

Etymology 1

From Old English witt, from Proto-West Germanic *witi, from Proto-Germanic *witją.

Alternative forms

  • witt, witte, wytt, wyt

Noun

wit (plural wittes)

  1. mind, sanity
Descendants
  • English: wit
  • Yola: wut
References
  • “wit, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Etymology 2

From Old English wit (we two), from Proto-West Germanic *wit, from Proto-Germanic *wet. Compare the first-person plural pronoun we.

Alternative forms

  • wyt, witt

Pronoun

wit (accusative unk, genitive unker, possessive determiner unker)

  1. (Early Middle English) First-person dual pronoun: we twain, the two of us.
See also
References
  • “wit, pron.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 11 May 2018.

North Frisian

Etymology

From Old Frisian hwīt, from Proto-West Germanic *hwīt, from Proto-Germanic *hwītaz. Compare West Frisian wyt.

Pronunciation

IPA(key): /vɪt/

Adjective

wit

  1. (Sylt) white

Old English

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *wit, from Proto-Germanic *wet, from Proto-Indo-European *wed-, a suffixed form of *wey- (see ). Cognate with North Frisian wat, Old Norse vit, Gothic ???????????? (wit), and Lithuanian vèdu.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /wit/

Pronoun

wit (personal)

  1. we two; nominative dual of

Old French

Etymology

Spelling variant of uit

Numeral

wit

  1. eight

Old High German

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *wīdaz, whence also Old Saxon wīt, Old English wīd and Old Norse víðr.

Adjective

wīt

  1. wide

Descendants

  • Middle High German: wīt
    • Central Franconian: weck
    • German: weit
    • Luxembourgish: wäit
    • Yiddish: ווײַט(vayt)

Old Saxon

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *wit, from Proto-Germanic *wet. Accusative from Proto-Germanic *unk, dative from *unkiz.

Pronoun

wit

  1. we two; nominative dual of ik

Declension


Tok Pisin

Etymology

From English wheat.

Noun

wit

  1. wheat

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