breakwater vs mole what difference

what is difference between breakwater and mole

English

Etymology

From break +‎ water. Compare Dutch breekwater (breakwater).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈbɹeɪkˌwɔːtə/

Noun

breakwater (plural breakwaters)

  1. A construction in or around a harbour designed to break the force of the sea and to provide shelter for vessels lying inside.
  2. (nautical) A low bulkhead across the forecastle deck of a ship which diverts water breaking over the bows into the scuppers.
  3. (on beaches) A wooden or concrete barrier, usually perpendicular to the shore, intended to prevent the movement of sand along a coast.

Translations

Further reading

  • breakwater (structure) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • water break, waterbreak


English

Etymology 1

From Middle English mole, mool, from Old English māl, mǣl (a mole, spot, mark, blemish), from Proto-Germanic *mailą (spot, wrinkle), from Proto-Indo-European *mel-, *melw- (dark, dirty), from Proto-Indo-European *mey-, *my- (to soil, sully).

Cognate with Scots mail (spot, stain), Saterland Frisian Moal (scar), German dialectal Meil (spot, stain, blemish), Gothic ???????????????? (mail, spot, blemish).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /məʊl/, /mɔʊl/
  • (Estuary English) IPA(key): /mɒʊl/
  • (US) IPA(key): /mol/, /moʊl/
  • Rhymes: -əʊl

Noun

mole (plural moles)

  1. A pigmented spot on the skin, a naevus, slightly raised, and sometimes hairy.
Synonyms
  • birthmark
  • nevus, naevus, nævus
Related terms
  • beauty mark
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English molle (mole), molde, mole, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *mulaz, *mulhaz (mole, salamander), from Proto-Indo-European *molg-, *molk- (slug, salamander), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)melw- (to grind, crush, beat).

Cognate with North Frisian mull (mole), Saterland Frisian molle (mole), Dutch mol (mole), Low German Mol, Mul (mole), German Molch (salamander, newt), Old Russian смолжь (smolžʹ, snail), Czech mlž (clam).

Derivation as an abbreviation of Middle English molewarpe, a variation of moldewarpe, moldwerp (mole) in Middle English is unexplained and probably unlikely due to the simultaneous occurrence of both words. See mouldwarp.

Alternative forms

  • mool, moule, mowle, mold (obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /məʊl/
  • (Estuary English) IPA(key): /mɒʊl/
  • (US) IPA(key): /mol/, /moʊl/
  • Rhymes: -əʊl

Noun

mole (plural moles)

  1. Any of several small, burrowing insectivores of the family Talpidae; also any of southern African mammals in the family Chrysochloridae (golden moles) and any of several Australian mammals in the family Notoryctidae (marsupial moles), similar to but unrelated to Talpidae moles
  2. Any of the burrowing rodents also called mole rats.
  3. (espionage) An internal spy, a person who involves himself or herself with an enemy organisation, especially an intelligence or governmental organisation, to determine and betray its secrets from within.
  4. A kind of self-propelled excavator used to form underground drains, or to clear underground pipelines
  5. A type of underground drain used in farm fields, in which a mole plow creates an unlined channel through clay subsoil.
Synonyms
  • mouldwarp
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 3

From moll (from Moll, an archaic nickname for Mary), influenced by the spelling of the word mole (an internal spy), and due to /mɒl/ and /məʊl/ merging as [moʊl] in the Australian accent.

Pronunciation

  • (General Australian) IPA(key): /moʊl/
  • Rhymes: -əʊl

Noun

mole (plural moles)

  1. (slang, derogatory) A moll, a bitch, a slut.
Synonyms
  • moll
Translations

Etymology 4

From French môle or Latin mōles (mass, heap, rock).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /məʊl/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /mol/, /moʊl/
  • Rhymes: -əʊl

Noun

mole (plural moles)

  1. (nautical) A massive structure, usually of stone, used as a pier, breakwater or junction between places separated by water.
    • 1983, Archibald Lyall, Arthur Norman Brangham, The companion guide to the south of France
      [about Saint-Tropez] Yachts and fishing boats fill the little square of water, which is surrounded on two sides by quays, on the third by a small ship-repairing yard and on the fourth by the mole where the fishing boats moor and the nets are spread out to dry.
  2. (rare) A haven or harbour, protected with such a breakwater.
  3. (historical) An Ancient Roman mausoleum.
Translations

Etymology 5

Calqued from German Mol; spelled as if it had come directly from molecule or Latin moles (the ultimate source of Mol and molecule in any event).

Alternative forms

  • mol (dated)

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /məʊl/
  • (US) IPA(key): /mol/, /moʊl/
  • Rhymes: -əʊl

Noun

mole (plural moles)

  1. (chemistry, physics) In the International System of Units, the base unit of amount of substance; the amount of substance of a system which contains as many elementary entities (atoms, ions, molecules, etc.) as there are atoms in 0.012 kg of carbon-12. Symbol: mol. The number of atoms is known as Avogadro’s number. [from 1897]
Hyponyms
  • gram molecule
  • gram atom
Translations

Etymology 6

From French môle f, from Latin mola (millstone), because it is a hardened mass.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /məʊl/
  • (US) IPA(key): /mol/, /moʊl/
  • Rhymes: -əʊl

Noun

mole (plural moles)

  1. A hemorrhagic mass of tissue in the uterus caused by a dead ovum.
Translations

Etymology 7

From Spanish mole, from Classical Nahuatl mōlli (sauce; stew; something ground).

Alternative forms

  • molé

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈmoʊleɪ/, /ˈmoʊli/

Noun

mole (countable and uncountable, plural moles)

  1. One of several spicy sauces typical of the cuisine of Mexico and neighboring Central America, especially the sauce which contains chocolate and which is used in cooking main dishes, not desserts.
Translations

References

Anagrams

  • Elmo, Lomé, Melo, melo-, moel

Central Franconian

Etymology

From Old High German mālōn, mālēn, denominative of māl (spot, stain), from Proto-West Germanic *mālijan, from Proto-Germanic *mēlijaną, from Proto-Indo-European *melh₂- (dark color).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɔːlə/

Verb

mole (third-person singular present molt, past participle jemolt)

  1. (most dialects) to paint, draw, depict

See also

  • mahle

Chavacano

Etymology

From Spanish moler (to grind).

Verb

molé

  1. to mill; to grind

Danish

Etymology

From French môle

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /moːlə/, [ˈmoːlə]

Noun

mole c (singular definite molen, plural indefinite moler)

  1. mole, breakwater
  2. pier, jetty

Inflection


Esperanto

Pronunciation

Adverb

mole

  1. softly

Antonyms

  • malmole

Related terms

  • mola (soft)

French

Etymology

From German Mol

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /mɔl/

Noun

mole f (plural moles)

  1. (chemistry, physics) mole

Further reading

  • “mole” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Italian

Etymology

From German Mol.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɔ.le/

Noun

mole f (plural moli)

  1. (chemistry, physics) mole
  2. plural of mola

Synonyms

  • grammo-molecola

Related terms

  • millimole
  • molare

Anagrams

  • elmo, melo, mélo

Latin

Etymology 1

Verb

mole

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of molō

Etymology 2

Noun

mōle f

  1. ablative singular of mōlēs

Lower Sorbian

Noun

mole

  1. Superseded spelling of móle.

Middle English

Noun

mole

  1. Alternative form of molle (mole)

Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɔ.lɛ/

Noun

mole m anim

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative plural of mól

Noun

mole m inan

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative plural of mol

Portuguese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (South Brazil) /ˈmɔ.le/
  • Hyphenation: mo‧le

Etymology 1

From Old Portuguese mole, from Latin mollis, mollem, earlier *molduis, from Proto-Indo-European *(h₂)moldus (soft, weak).

Adjective

mole m or f (plural moles, comparable)

  1. Not hard; smooth or flexible; soft.
  2. (informal) Not difficult; easy.
Inflection

Derived terms

  • molemente

Related terms

  • moleza
  • molhar

Etymology 2

From Latin mōles.

Noun

mole f (plural moles)

  1. mass

Etymology 3

Noun

mole f (plural moles)

  1. Portugal form of mol (unit of amount)

Further reading

  • “mole” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Serbo-Croatian

Verb

mole (Cyrillic spelling моле)

  1. third-person plural present of moliti

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈmole/, [ˈmo.le]

Etymology 1

Semi-learned borrowing from Latin mollis; cognate with muelle.

Adjective

mole (plural moles)

  1. soft, mild
    Synonym: muelle

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Latin mōlēs.

Noun

mole f (plural moles)

  1. hunk, chunk, slab (thing of large size or quantity)
  2. massiveness

Etymology 3

From Classical Nahuatl mōlli (sauce, something ground).

Noun

mole m (plural moles)

  1. (Mexico) mole, a type of stew

Etymology 4

Verb

mole

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of molar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of molar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of molar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of molar.

Zayse-Zergulla

Noun

mole

  1. fish

References

  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 397, →ISBN: “Zayse mo’le”
  • Linda Jordan, A study of Shara and related Ometo speech varieties (Zergulla mòlɛ́)

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