broach vs initiate what difference

what is difference between broach and initiate

English

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /bɹəʊtʃ/
  • (US) IPA(key): /bɹoʊtʃ/
  • Rhymes: -əʊtʃ
  • Homophone: brooch

Etymology 1

From Middle English broche, from Old French broche, from Vulgar Latin *brocca, originally a feminine form of Latin broccus, perhaps ultimately of Gaulish origin (see Scottish Gaelic bròg; cognate to brochure).

Noun

broach (plural broaches)

  1. A series of chisel points mounted on one piece of steel. For example, the toothed stone chisel shown here.
  2. (masonry) A broad chisel for stone-cutting.
  3. Alternative spelling of brooch
    • 2012, Cara C. Putman, A Promise Born
      She pinned a broach on her jacket.
      When Viv saw it, she laughed. “Is that the best you can do? A flower broach?”
  4. A spit for cooking food.
    • He turned a broach that had worn a crown.
  5. An awl; a bodkin; also, a wooden rod or pin, sharpened at each end, used by thatchers.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Forby to this entry?)
  6. (architecture, Britain, dialect) A spire rising from a tower.
  7. A spit-like start on the head of a young stag.
  8. The stick from which candle wicks are suspended for dipping.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  9. The pin in a lock which enters the barrel of the key.
Translations

Verb

broach (third-person singular simple present broaches, present participle broaching, simple past and past participle broached)

  1. (transitive) To make a hole in, especially a cask of liquor, and put in a tap in order to draw the liquid.
    • 1837 Thomas Carlyle, The French Revolution: A History
      How often has the broached barrel proved not to be for joy and heart effusion, but for duel and head-breakage.
  2. (transitive) To open, to make an opening into; to pierce.
    French knights at Agincourt were unable to broach the English line.
  3. (transitive, figuratively) To begin discussion about (something).
    I broached the subject of contraceptives carefully when the teenager mentioned his promiscuity.
    • 1913, D. H. Lawrence, Sons and Lovers, chapter 4
      Yet he was much too much scared of broaching any man, let alone one in a peaked cap, to dare to ask.
    • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot Chapter VI
      I have tried on several occasions to broach the subject of my love to Lys; but she will not listen.
Related terms
  • brochure
Translations

Etymology 2

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Verb

broach (third-person singular simple present broaches, present participle broaching, simple past and past participle broached)

  1. (intransitive) To be turned sideways to oncoming waves, especially large or breaking waves.
    The small boat broached and nearly sank, because of the large waves.
  2. (transitive) To cause to turn sideways to oncoming waves, especially large or breaking waves (usually followed by to; also figurative).
    • 18th C, Thomas Dibdin, Tom Bowling
      Here a sheer hulk lies poor Tom Bowling … for death hath broached him to.
    Each time we came around into the wind, the sea broached our bow.
Translations

References

See also

  • broach to

Anagrams

  • Chorba

Scots

Alternative forms

  • brutch, bruch, broche, brotch

Etymology

From Middle Scots broche, from Middle English broche, from Old French broche, from Vulgar Latin *brocca, originally a feminine form of Latin broccus; possibly ultimately of Gaulish provenance.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbrɒtʃ/
  • (Southern Scots) IPA(key): /ˈbrəʊtʃ/

Noun

broach (plural broachs)

  1. (archaic) A spindle.
  2. (archaic) A slender or thin person (especially as a nickname).


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin initiātus, perfect passive participle of initiō (begin, originate), from initium (a beginning), from ineō (go in, enter upon, begin), from in + (go).

Pronunciation

  • (verb) IPA(key): /ɪˈnɪʃ.ɪ.eɪt/
  • (noun, adjective) IPA(key): /ɪˈnɪʃ.ɪ.ət/
  • Hyphenation: ini‧ti‧ate

Noun

initiate (plural initiates)

  1. A new member of an organization.
  2. One who has been through a ceremony of initiation.

Translations

Verb

initiate (third-person singular simple present initiates, present participle initiating, simple past and past participle initiated)

  1. (transitive) To begin; to start.
    • 1859-1860, Isaac Taylor, Ultimate Civilisation
      How are changes of this sort to be initiated?
  2. To instruct in the rudiments or principles; to introduce.
    • 1653-1655, Henry More, An Antidote against Atheism
      Divine Providence would only initiate and enter mankind into the useful knowledge of her, leaving the rest to employ our industry.
    • to initiate his pupil in any part of learning
  3. To confer membership on; especially, to admit to a secret order with mysterious rites or ceremonies.
    • 1738-1741, William Warburton, Divine Legation of Moses demonstrated on the Principles of a Religious Deist
      The Athenians believed that he who was initiated and instructed in the mysteries would obtain celestial honour after death.
    • He was initiated into half a dozen clubs before he was one and twenty.
  4. (intransitive) To do the first act; to perform the first rite; to take the initiative.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Alexander Pope to this entry?)

Antonyms

  • (to begin): end, conclude, complete, finish

Related terms

Translations

Adjective

initiate (comparative more initiate, superlative most initiate)

  1. (obsolete) Unpractised; untried; new.
  2. (obsolete) Begun; commenced; introduced to, or instructed in, the rudiments; newly admitted.

Further reading

  • initiate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • initiate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • initiate at OneLook Dictionary Search

Latin

Participle

initiāte

  1. vocative masculine singular of initiātus

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