what is difference between bruise and contusion
- bruize (obsolete)
- brise (obsolete)
From Middle English bruisen, brusen, brosen, brisen, bresen, from a merger two words, both ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrews- (“to break”):
- Old English brȳsan, brīesan (“to bruise; crush”), from Proto-Germanic *brausijaną, *brūsijaną (“to break; crumble; crack”). Provided the word’s sense.
- Anglo-Norman bruiser, bruser (“to break, smash, shatter”), from Gaulish *brus-, from Proto-Celtic *bruseti (“to break”). Provided the word’s form.
Cognate with Scots brizz, German brausen (“to roar; boom; pound”), Old English brosnian (“to crumble, fall apart”), Dutch broos (“brittle”), German Brosame (“crumb”), dialectal Norwegian brøysk (“breakable”), Latin frustum (“bit, scrap”), Old Church Slavonic бръснути (brŭsnuti, “to rake”), Albanian breshër (“hail”).
- (UK, US) enPR: bro͞oz, IPA(key): /bɹuːz/
- Homophone: brews
- Rhymes: -uːz
bruise (third-person singular simple present bruises, present participle bruising, simple past and past participle bruised)
- (transitive) To strike (a person), originally with something flat or heavy, but now specifically in such a way as to discolour the skin without breaking it.
- (transitive) To damage the skin of (fruit or vegetables), in an analogous way.
- (intransitive) Of fruit or vegetables, to gain bruises through being handled roughly.
- Bananas bruise easily.
- (intransitive) To become bruised.
- I bruise easily.
- (intransitive) To fight with the fists; to box.
- Bruising was considered a fine, manly, old English custom.
- (transitive) To impair (gin) by shaking rather than stirring.
bruise (plural bruises)
- A purplish mark on the skin due to leakage of blood from capillaries under the surface that have been damaged by a blow.
- A dark mark on fruit or vegetables caused by a blow to the surface.
- (medical): ecchymosis, contusion (technical term)
- See also Thesaurus:injury
- Uribes, buries, busier, rubies
- (archaic) singular present subjunctive of bruisen
bruise f sg
- genitive singular of bruis (“brush; pubic hair”)
- “bruise” in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
From Middle French contusion, from Latin contusionem, from contusus, past participle of contundere (“to beat”), from com- + tundere (“to beat”).
- (UK) IPA(key): /kənˈtjuːʒən/
- (US) IPA(key): /kənˈtuʒən/
- Rhymes: -uːʒən
contusion (countable and uncountable, plural contusions)
- A wound, such as a bruise, in which the skin is not broken, often having broken blood vessels and discolouration.
- The act of bruising.
Borrowed from Latin contūsiō.
- IPA(key): /kɔ̃.ty.zjɔ̃/
contusion f (plural contusions)
- contusion, bruise
- “contusion” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).