buckle vs crumple what difference

what is difference between buckle and crumple



  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbʌk(ə)l/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈbʌk(ə)l/
  • Homophone: buccal (one pronunciation)
  • Rhymes: -ʌkəl

Etymology 1

From a frequentative form of buck (to bend, buckle), of Dutch Low Saxon or German Low German origin, related to Dutch bukken (to stoop, bend, yield, submit), German bücken (to stoop, bend), Swedish bocka (to buck, bow), equivalent to buck +‎ -le. Compare Middle Dutch buchelen (to strive, tug under a load), dialectal German aufbückeln (to raise or arch the back).


buckle (third-person singular simple present buckles, present participle buckling, simple past and past participle buckled)

  1. (intransitive) To distort or collapse under physical pressure; especially, of a slender structure in compression.
    • 2012 October 31, David M. Halbfinger, “[1],” New York Times (retrieved 31 October 2012):
      Perhaps as startling as the sheer toll was the devastation to some of the state’s well-known locales. Boardwalks along the beach in Seaside Heights, Belmar and other towns on the Jersey Shore were blown away. Amusement parks, arcades and restaurants all but vanished. Bridges to barrier islands buckled, preventing residents from even inspecting the damage to their property.
  2. (transitive) To make bend; to cause to become distorted.
  3. (intransitive, figuratively) To give in; to react suddenly or adversely to stress or pressure (of a person).
    It is amazing that he has never buckled after so many years of doing such urgent work.
  4. (intransitive) To yield; to give way; to cease opposing.
    • 1664, Samuel Pepys, diary entry December 15
      The Dutch, as high as they seem, do begin to buckle.
  5. (obsolete, intransitive) To enter upon some labour or contest; to join in close fight; to contend.
    • 1549, Hugh Latimer, The Second Sermon preached before King Edward
      The bishop was as able and ready to buckle with the Lord Protector as he was with him.
  6. To buckle down; to apply oneself.
    • 1700, Isaac Barrow, Of Industry in our particular Calling, as Scholars
      To make our sturdy humour buckle thereto.
    • December 6, 1838, James David Forbes, letter to J. T. Harrison, Esq.
      Before buckling to my winter’s work.
    • Cartwright buckled himself to the employment.

Etymology 2

From Middle English bokel (spiked metal ring for holding a belt, etc), from Old French boucle, bocle (“boss (of a shield)” then “shield,” later “buckle, metal ring), from Latin buccula (cheek strap of a helmet), diminutive of bucca (cheek).


buckle (plural buckles)

  1. (countable) A clasp used for fastening two things together, such as the ends of a belt, or for retaining the end of a strap.
  2. (Canada, heraldry) The brisure of an eighth daughter.
  3. (roofing) An upward, elongated displacement of a roof membrane frequently occurring over insulation or deck joints. A buckle may be an indication of movement with the roof assembly.
  4. A distortion, bulge, bend, or kink, as in a saw blade or a plate of sheet metal.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  5. A curl of hair, especially a kind of crisp curl formerly worn; also, the state of being curled.
    • ear-locks in tight buckles on each side of a long lanthorn face
    • lets his wig lie in buckle for a whole half year
  6. A contorted expression, as of the face.
    • 1763, Charles Churchill, The Ghost
      ‘Gainst nature arm’d by gravity, / His features too in buckle see.
  7. (US, baking) A cake baked with fresh fruit and a streusel topping.


buckle (third-person singular simple present buckles, present participle buckling, simple past and past participle buckled)

  1. (transitive) To fasten using a buckle.
  2. (Scotland) To unite in marriage.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir Walter Scott to this entry?)

See also

  • buckle down
  • buckle to
  • buckle up
  • turnbuckle
  • sun kink (buckle in railway track)
  • Janus word


  • Lubeck, Lübeck



From Middle English crumplen, cromplen, frequentative of Middle English crumpen (to curl up, crump), from Old English crump (bent, crooked). Equivalent to crump +‎ -le.


  • IPA(key): /ˈkɹʌmpəl/
  • Rhymes: -ʌmpəl


crumple (plural crumples)

  1. A crease, wrinkle, or irregular fold.


crumple (third-person singular simple present crumples, present participle crumpling, simple past and past participle crumpled)

  1. (transitive) To rumple; to press into wrinkles by crushing together.
  2. (transitive) To cause to collapse.
  3. (intransitive) To become wrinkled.
  4. (intransitive, figuratively) To collapse.


Derived terms

  • crumple zone

Related terms

  • crumpet


  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “crumple”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.


  • clumper

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