buckle vs warp what difference

what is difference between buckle and warp

English

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbʌk(ə)l/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈbʌk(ə)l/
  • Homophone: buccal (one pronunciation)
  • Rhymes: -ʌkəl

Etymology 1

From a frequentative form of buck (to bend, buckle), of Dutch Low Saxon or German Low German origin, related to Dutch bukken (to stoop, bend, yield, submit), German bücken (to stoop, bend), Swedish bocka (to buck, bow), equivalent to buck +‎ -le. Compare Middle Dutch buchelen (to strive, tug under a load), dialectal German aufbückeln (to raise or arch the back).

Verb

buckle (third-person singular simple present buckles, present participle buckling, simple past and past participle buckled)

  1. (intransitive) To distort or collapse under physical pressure; especially, of a slender structure in compression.
    • 2012 October 31, David M. Halbfinger, “[1],” New York Times (retrieved 31 October 2012):
      Perhaps as startling as the sheer toll was the devastation to some of the state’s well-known locales. Boardwalks along the beach in Seaside Heights, Belmar and other towns on the Jersey Shore were blown away. Amusement parks, arcades and restaurants all but vanished. Bridges to barrier islands buckled, preventing residents from even inspecting the damage to their property.
  2. (transitive) To make bend; to cause to become distorted.
  3. (intransitive, figuratively) To give in; to react suddenly or adversely to stress or pressure (of a person).
    It is amazing that he has never buckled after so many years of doing such urgent work.
  4. (intransitive) To yield; to give way; to cease opposing.
    • 1664, Samuel Pepys, diary entry December 15
      The Dutch, as high as they seem, do begin to buckle.
  5. (obsolete, intransitive) To enter upon some labour or contest; to join in close fight; to contend.
    • 1549, Hugh Latimer, The Second Sermon preached before King Edward
      The bishop was as able and ready to buckle with the Lord Protector as he was with him.
  6. To buckle down; to apply oneself.
    • 1700, Isaac Barrow, Of Industry in our particular Calling, as Scholars
      To make our sturdy humour buckle thereto.
    • December 6, 1838, James David Forbes, letter to J. T. Harrison, Esq.
      Before buckling to my winter’s work.
    • Cartwright buckled himself to the employment.
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English bokel (spiked metal ring for holding a belt, etc), from Old French boucle, bocle (“boss (of a shield)” then “shield,” later “buckle, metal ring), from Latin buccula (cheek strap of a helmet), diminutive of bucca (cheek).

Noun

buckle (plural buckles)

  1. (countable) A clasp used for fastening two things together, such as the ends of a belt, or for retaining the end of a strap.
  2. (Canada, heraldry) The brisure of an eighth daughter.
  3. (roofing) An upward, elongated displacement of a roof membrane frequently occurring over insulation or deck joints. A buckle may be an indication of movement with the roof assembly.
  4. A distortion, bulge, bend, or kink, as in a saw blade or a plate of sheet metal.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  5. A curl of hair, especially a kind of crisp curl formerly worn; also, the state of being curled.
    • ear-locks in tight buckles on each side of a long lanthorn face
    • lets his wig lie in buckle for a whole half year
  6. A contorted expression, as of the face.
    • 1763, Charles Churchill, The Ghost
      ‘Gainst nature arm’d by gravity, / His features too in buckle see.
  7. (US, baking) A cake baked with fresh fruit and a streusel topping.
Translations

Verb

buckle (third-person singular simple present buckles, present participle buckling, simple past and past participle buckled)

  1. (transitive) To fasten using a buckle.
  2. (Scotland) To unite in marriage.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir Walter Scott to this entry?)
Translations

See also

  • buckle down
  • buckle to
  • buckle up
  • turnbuckle
  • sun kink (buckle in railway track)
  • Janus word

Anagrams

  • Lubeck, Lübeck


English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /wɔːp/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /wɔɹp/
  • (General New Zealand) IPA(key): /woːp/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)p

Etymology 1

From Middle English warp, werp, from Old English wearp, warp (a warp, threads stretched lengthwise in a loom, twig, osier), from Proto-Germanic *warpą (a warp), from Proto-Indo-European *werb- (to turn, bend). Cognate with Middle Dutch warp, Middle Low German warp, German Warf, Danish varp, Swedish varp.

Noun

warp (countable and uncountable, plural warps)

  1. (uncountable) The state, quality, or condition of being twisted, physically or mentally:
    1. (uncountable) The state, quality, or condition of being physically bent or twisted out of shape.
      • 1920, The British Journal of Photography, volume 67, page 246:
        All frames found to suffer from warp should be broken up straight away before the printer is tempted during a rush to make use of them.
      • 2001, Roland Johnson, Automotive Woodworking : Restoration, Repair and Replacement →ISBN:
        Rough lumber is rarely perfectly straight, and may suffer from warp,
      • 1992, Innovation, volumes 11-12, page 32:
        The part is not fragile, does not need benching to remove “stair-stepping” on curved surfaces and does not need post curing. It does not suffer from warp, sag or curl.
      • 1992, Progrès scientifique au service du bois (International Union of Forestry Research Organizations. Division 5. Conference), page 503:
        [] and Senft found that the fibril angle in both the Pinus and Populus was high in juvenile wood, indicating that both are likely to exhibit warp in drying.
    2. (uncountable) The state, quality, or condition of being deviant from what is right or proper morally or mentally.
      • 1933, Journal of the National Proctologic Association, volume 6, issue 5, page 126:
        He believed that we were suffering from warp or bias, that a blind spot contorted our mental vision.
      • 1966, Man and International Relations: Conflict, page 306:
        [] and may discover that the potency of this politician-father had so altered the freedom with which corrective authority could be imposed on his son that to an extraordinary extent the person as an adult continues to suffer from warp acquired at home as a child.
  2. (countable) A distortion:
    1. (countable) A distortion or twist, such as in a piece of wood (also used figuratively).
      • 1998, Gary May, Hard Oiler!: The Story of Canadians’ Quest for Oil at Home, page 86:
        Wills, too, was struck down by a pole but was saved because a warp in the wood bent upwards, creating a pocket for his body.
      • 2014, July Crisis: The World’s Descent into War, Summer 1914, page 396:
        In yet another ironic twist in a story richly endowed with such warps, the Tsar’s telegram crossed one despatched in the other direction.
    2. (countable) A mental or moral distortion, deviation, or aberration.
      • 1905, Therapeutic Gazette, page 752:
        It is interesting to note that it has been suggested by Lugaro to partially extirpate the thyroid in cases of moral insanity; an excessive secretion of thyroid being regarded as the cause of excessive amativeness, thieving, and other mental warps []
  3. (weaving) The threads that run lengthwise in a woven fabric; crossed by the woof or weft.
  4. (figuratively) The foundation, the basis, the undergirding.
    • 1993, The Sociological Tradition →ISBN, page 251:
      The sense of sin (enforced by piacular rites) is as important to social integration as the committing of crimes (in due proportion) which alone can cause the mobilization of moral values that is the warp of society and of human conscience.
    • 2013, The WPA Guide to North Carolina: The Tar Heel State, page 388:
      This stretch is typical of the Piedmont section, where the warp of the economic structure is agriculture and the woof industry.
  5. (nautical) A line or cable or rode as is used in warping (mooring or hauling) a ship, and sometimes for other purposes such as deploying a seine or creating drag.
    • 1743, Robert Drury, The Pleasant, and Surprizing Adventures of Mr. Robert Drury, during his Fifteen Years Captivity on the Island of Madagascar, London, pp. 11-12,[1]
      We finish’d the Raft that Night, and in the Morning sent Mr. Prat, our Chief Mate, and four Men in the Boat with a long Rope for a Warp, to fasten on the Land.
    • 1966, Peter Tangvald, Sea Gypsy, page 24:
      [] trailed one of my sea anchors or at least some warps in order to ease the ship []
  6. A theoretical construct that permits travel across a medium without passing through it normally, such as a teleporter or time warp.
  7. A situation or place which is or seems to be from another era; a time warp.
    • 2003, Lynne B. Sagalyn, Times Square Roulette: Remaking the City Icon, page 67:
      If Times Square nevertheless remained a metaphor for the city’s changing dynamics, it was stuck in a warp of immobility, unable to push itself forward as it had in the early part of the twentieth century.
    • 2012, Sîan Ede, Art and Science, page 68:
      Evolutionary psychology often seems to be stuck in a warp on the grassy African plains, even though we know that early humans didn’t stay on the Savannah but moved from around 2 million years ago out of Africa into quite different terrains.
    • 2012, Richard Grossinger, Dark Pool of Light, Volume Three, page 105:
      To succeed routinely at mind-reading or telekinesis or love charms would result in no learning, no amusement, no spiritual growth (for a companion parable, check out Bill Murray’s Groundhog Day). We would be stuck in a warp []
  8. The sediment which subsides from turbid water; the alluvial deposit of muddy water artificially introduced into low lands in order to enrich or fertilise them.
    • 1902, C. K. Eddowes, speaking before the Royal Commission on Salmon Fisheries, as recorded in the Parliamentary Papers, House of Commons, volume 13, page 99:
      The silt is brought down and the strong tide of the Humber brings it up in very large quantities, so that the river the whole way through nearly is exceedingly thick. Added to that I may say that we suffer from warp to a tremendous extent.
  9. (obsolete outside dialects) A throw or cast, as of fish (in which case it is used as a unit of measure: about four fish, though sometimes three or even two), oysters, etc.
    a warp of fish
Derived terms
  • warp and weft
  • warp and woof
  • warp drive
  • warp factor
  • warp speed
  • time warp
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English werpen, weorpen, worpen, from Old English weorpan (to throw, cast, cast down, cast away, throw off, throw out, expel, throw upon, throw open, drive away, sprinkle, hit, hand over, lay hands on (a person), cast lots, charge with, accuse of), from Proto-Germanic *werpaną (to throw, turn), from Proto-Indo-European *werb- (to bend, turn). Cognate with Scots warp (to throw, warp), North Frisian werpen (to throw), Dutch werpen (to throw, cast), German werfen (to throw, cast), Icelandic verpa (to throw).

Verb

warp (third-person singular simple present warps, present participle warping, simple past and past participle warped)

  1. To twist or become twisted, physically or mentally:
    1. (transitive) To twist or turn (something) out of shape; to deform.
      • 1798, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
        The planks looked warped.
      • Walter warped his mouth at this / To something so mock solemn, that I laughed.
    2. (intransitive) To become twisted out of shape; to deform.
    3. (transitive) To deflect or turn (something) away from a true, proper or moral course; to pervert; to bias.
      • This first avowed, nor folly warped my mind.
    4. (intransitive) To go astray or be deflected from a true, proper or moral course; to deviate.
  2. (transitive, intransitive, obsolete, ropemaking) To run (yarn) off the reel into hauls to be tarred.
  3. (transitive) To arrange (strands of thread, etc) so that they run lengthwise in weaving.
  4. (transitive, intransitive, rare, obsolete, figuratively) To plot; to fabricate or weave (a plot or scheme).
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Nares to this entry?)
  5. (transitive, rare, obsolete, poetic) To change or fix (make fixed, for example by freezing).
  6. To move:
    1. (transitive, nautical) To move a vessel by hauling on a line or cable that is fastened to an anchor or pier; (especially) to move a sailing ship through a restricted place such as a harbour.
    2. (intransitive, nautical, of a ship) To move or be moved by this method.
    3. (intransitive, rare, dated) To fly with a bending or waving motion, like a flock of birds or insects.
    4. (transitive, intransitive, science fiction) To travel or transport across a medium without passing through it normally, as by using a teleporter or time warp.
  7. (transitive, intransitive, obsolete outside dialects, of an animal) To bring forth (young) prematurely.
  8. (transitive, intransitive, agriculture) To fertilize (low-lying land) by letting the tide, a river, or other water in upon it to deposit silt and alluvial matter.
  9. (transitive, very rare, obsolete) To throw.
Derived terms
  • warped (adjective)
Descendants
  • Japanese: ワープ (wāpu)
Translations

Further reading

  • warp at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • warp in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • wrap

Middle Dutch

Verb

warp

  1. first/third-person singular past indicative of werpen

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • warpe, werp, werpe, werppe

Etymology

From Old English wearp, warp, from Proto-West Germanic *warp, from Proto-Germanic *warpą. Related to werpen.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /warp/, /wɛrp/

Noun

warp

  1. warp (lengthwise threads)
  2. warp thread
  3. (rare) weft (horizontal threads)
  4. (rare) cast of fish
  5. (nautical, rare) rope for hauling ships

Descendants

  • English: warp
  • Scots: warp

References

  • “warp, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

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