buddy vs chum what difference

what is difference between buddy and chum

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bʌd.i/
  • Rhymes: -ʌdi

Etymology 1

1802, colloquial butty (companion), also the form of an older dialect term meaning workmate, associated with coal mining. Itself believed derived from 1530 as booty fellow, a partner with whom one shares booty or loot. Alternatively, an alteration of brother.

Noun

buddy (plural buddies)

  1. A friend or casual acquaintance.
    Synonyms: bud, mate; see also Thesaurus:friend
  2. A partner for a particular activity.
    Synonyms: companion, partner
  3. An informal and friendly address to a stranger; a friendly (or occasionally antagonistic) placeholder name for a person one does not know.
    Synonyms: mate, fellow
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

buddy (third-person singular simple present buddies, present participle buddying, simple past and past participle buddied)

  1. (transitive) To assign a buddy, or partner, to.

Etymology 2

From Middle English buddy, buddi, equivalent to bud +‎ -y.

Adjective

buddy (comparative more buddy, superlative most buddy)

  1. Resembling a bud.
    • 1963, John Herbert Goddard, Chrysanthemum Growers’ Treasury (page 18)
      Some of the dwarfer varieties are full of buddy growths in the early stages and these must be cut down and thrown away.

References



English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, US) IPA(key): /tʃʌm/
  • Rhymes: -ʌm

Etymology 1

1675–85; of uncertain origin, possibly from cham, shortening of chambermate, or from comrade. Less likely from Welsh cymrawd (fellow), compare brawd (brother).

Noun

chum (plural chums)

  1. (dated) A friend; a pal.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:friend
  2. (dated) A roommate, especially in a college or university.
    • 1856 in The Knickerbocker: Or, New-York Monthly Magazine [1]
      Field had a ‘chum,’ or room-mate, whose visage was suggestive to the ‘Sophs;’ it invited experiment; it held out opportunity for their peculiar deviltry.
Derived terms
  • chummery
  • chumming
  • chummy
  • chumocracy
Descendants
  • French: chum (Québec)
  • Spanish: chamo (Venezuela)
  • Swedish: tjomme (Gothenburg dialect)
  • Norwegian: tjommi (Bergen dialect)
Translations

Verb

chum (third-person singular simple present chums, present participle chumming, simple past and past participle chummed)

  1. (intransitive) To share rooms with someone; to live together.
    • 1899 Clyde Bowman Furst, A Group of Old Authors [2]
      Henry Wotton and John Donne began to be friends when, as boys, they chummed together at Oxford, where Donne had gone at the age of twelve years.
  2. (transitive) To lodge (somebody) with another person or people.
  3. (intransitive) To make friends; to socialize.
    • 1902 Ernest William Hornung, The Amateur Cracksman [3]
      “You’ll make yourself disliked on board!”
      “By von Heumann merely.”
      “But is that wise when he’s the man we’ve got to diddle?”
      “The wisest thing I ever did. To have chummed up with him would have been fatal — the common dodge.”
  4. (transitive, Scotland, informal) To accompany.
Conjugation

Etymology 2

Originally American English, from the 1850s. Perhaps from Powhatan.

Noun

chum (uncountable)

  1. (fishing) A mixture of (frequently rancid) fish parts and blood, dumped into the water as groundbait to attract predator fish, such as sharks
Derived terms
  • chumsicle
Translations

Verb

chum (third-person singular simple present chums, present participle chumming, simple past and past participle chummed)

  1. (fishing, transitive, intransitive) To cast chum into the water to attract fish.
    • 1996 Frank Sargeant, The Reef Fishing Book: A Complete Anglers Guide [4]
      Small live baitfish are effective, and they will take bits of fresh cut fish when chummed strongly.

Etymology 3

Noun

chum (plural chums)

  1. (pottery) A coarse mould for holding the clay while being worked on a whirler, lathe or manually.
    • 1915, The Pottery & Glass Salesman, volume 11, O’Gorman Publishing Company.
      …self-supporting chum within the mould normally of corresponding and almost the same but lesser contour, whereby a space is provided between the chum and mould for the introduction of the powdered material and means for expanding the chum’.
    • 1920, The South African Journal of Industries, volume 3, part 2, p. 820
      He uses a round slab of clay, which he places on top of the chum and commences to thump down around the sides.
    • 1921, A Survey and Analysis of the Pottery Industry, bulletin no. 67, trade and industrial series no. 20, Washington: Federal Board for Vocational Training.
      Chum,—A mold used on the whirler to hold ware for scraping and finishing.
    • 1972, Neal French, Industrial Ceramics—Tableware, Oxford University Press
      Now that shapes were more uniform this was usually done on a horizontal lathe with the bowl automatically centred on a wooden chum
      This is a more useful method: it is used in making oval casseroles. The liner is made by spreading a bat and tehn forming it over a felt-covered chum, oval in shape.
      Chum or chuck: Lathe attachment for holding pots during turning process.

Anagrams

  • much

French

Etymology

Borrowed from English chum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tʃɔm/

Noun

chum m (plural chums, feminine blonde or chum de fille)

  1. (Canada, informal, Quebec) boyfriend
    Synonyms: petit ami, ami de cœur, (dated) fiancé, conjoint
    Coordinate term: blonde
  2. (Canada, chiefly slang, Quebec) a friend, usually male; a chum
    Synonyms: copain, ami
    Coordinate term: chum de fille

Derived terms

  • chum de fille

Irish

Etymology 1

Inflected form of cum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /xuːmˠ/, /xʊmˠ/

Verb

chum

  1. past indicative analytic of cum
  2. Lenited form of cum.

Etymology 2

From Old Irish dochum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /xʊnˠ/

Preposition

chum (plus genitive, triggers no mutation)

  1. Obsolete spelling of chun

Old Irish

Verb

·chum

  1. Lenited form of ·cum.

Palauan

Etymology

From Pre-Palauan *qumaŋ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *qumaŋ, from Proto-Austronesian *qumaŋ. Cognate with Cebuano umang, Tiruray kumang, Marshallese om̧.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʔum/

Noun

chum

  1. hermit crab

Scottish Gaelic

Preposition

chum

  1. Alternative form of chun

Verb

chum

  1. past indicative of cum

Mutation


Vietnamese

Pronunciation

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [t͡ɕum˧˧]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [t͡ɕum˧˧]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [cʊm˧˧]

Noun

(classifier cái) chum • (????)

  1. a kind of vase used to contain water

See also

  • lu

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