Buffet vs Smorgasbord what difference

what is difference between Buffet and Smorgasbord

English

Etymology 1

From French buffet.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) enPR: bo͝o’fā, bŭ’fā; IPA(key): /ˈbʊfeɪ/, /ˈbʌfeɪ/
  • (US) enPR: bəfā’, IPA(key): /bəˈfeɪ/

Noun

buffet (plural buffets)

  1. A counter or sideboard from which food and drinks are served or may be bought.
    Synonyms: sideboard, smorgasbord, (obsolete) cupboard
  2. Food laid out in this way, to which diners serve themselves.
    Synonyms: buffet meal, smorgasbord
  3. A small stool; a stool for a buffet or counter.
    • c. 15th century, author unknown, Wakefield Mystery Plays
      Go fetche us a light buffet.
Descendants
  • Japanese: ビュッフェ (byuffe)
  • Korean: 뷔페 (bwipe)
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English buffet, from Old French buffet, diminutive of buffe, cognate with Italian buffetto. See buffer, buffoon, and compare German puffen (to jostle, to hustle).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: bŭfʹĭt, IPA(key): /ˈbʌfɪt/

Noun

buffet (plural buffets)

  1. A blow or cuff with or as if with the hand, or by any other solid object or the wind.
    Synonyms: blow, (by any solid object) collision, (with the hand) cuff
    • October 30, 1795, Edmund Burke, letter to Lord Auckland
      those planks of tough and hardy oak that used for years to brave the buffets of the Bay of Biscay

Etymology 3

From Middle English buffeten, from Old French buffeter, from the noun (see above).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: bŭfʹĭt, IPA(key): /ˈbʌfɪt/

Verb

buffet (third-person singular simple present buffets, present participle buffeting or buffetting, simple past and past participle buffeted or buffetted)

  1. (transitive) To strike with a buffet; to cuff; to slap.
    • They spit in his face and buffeted him.
  2. (transitive, figuratively) to aggressively challenge, denounce, or criticise.
    • 2013 May 23, Sarah Lyall, “British Leader’s Liberal Turn Sets Off a Rebellion in His Party,” New York Times (retrieved 29 May 2013):
      Buffeted by criticism of his policy on Europe, battered by rebellion in the ranks over his bill to legalize same-sex marriage and wounded by the perception that he is supercilious, contemptuous and out of touch with mainstream Conservatism, Mr. Cameron earlier this week took the highly unusual step of sending a mass e-mail (or, as he called it, “a personal note”) to his party’s grass-roots members.
  3. To affect as with blows; to strike repeatedly; to strive with or contend against.
    to buffet the billows
    • 1726, William Broome, epistle to Elijah Fenton
      The sudden hurricane in thunder roars, / Buffets the bark, and whirls it from the shores.
    • 1830, Joseph Plumb Martin, A Narrative of Some of the Adventures, Dangers and Sufferings of a Revolutionary Soldier, Ch. I:
      […] I buffetted heat and mosquetoes, and got the hay all up […]
  4. To deaden the sound of (bells) by muffling the clapper.
Translations

Etymology 4

Possibly from Middle French buffet (side table), of unknown origin.

Noun

buffet (plural buffets)

  1. A low stool; a hassock.

Further reading

  • buffet on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Finnish

Etymology

From French buffet.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbyfːeː/, [ˈbyfːe̞ː]
  • IPA(key): /ˈbufːetːi/, [ˈbufːe̞t̪ːi] (colloquial)

Noun

buffet

  1. buffet

Usage notes

The endings of the alternative, somewhat Finnicized forms buffetti and especially bufetti better fit the structure of Finnish.

Most Finns don’t know that the letter t in the form “buffet” is silent (and that the letter u is pronounced [y]) and are not sure how to decline this form because Finnish nouns don’t end in -t in the singular. They therefore consciously or unconsciously change the ending in the nominative to the more Finnish ending -tti in speaking, despite the fact that the French pronunciation (with [y] and silent t) is the only one listed in the Kielitoimiston sanakirja.

Most Finns have trouble pronouncing the sound [b] and many the sound [f], so the completely Finnicized form puhvetti is in fact widespread in speech even though the spelling buffetti is the most common.

Declension


French

Etymology

From Middle French bufet (1150), from Old French bufet, of uncertain origin; possibly a Celtic borrowing. Compare Scottish Gaelic biadh (food, sustenance), buadha (valuable, precious). Or, according to the Digitized Treasury of the French Language, from an imitative source akin to bouffer (to eat (in excess)).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /by.fɛ/

Noun

buffet m (plural buffets)

  1. sideboard, dresser (a piece of furniture)
  2. buffet (food)
  3. (slang) belly

Synonyms

(sideboard):

  • crédence

Derived terms

Descendants

References

  • “buffet” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Further reading

  • “buffet” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Italian

Etymology

From French buffet.

Noun

buffet m (invariable)

  1. (furniture) sideboard
    Synonym: dispensa
  2. buffet, refreshment bar

Further reading

  • buffet in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana

Norwegian Bokmål

Alternative forms

  • buffé, buffe

Etymology

From French buffet.

Noun

buffet m (definite singular buffeten, indefinite plural buffeter, definite plural buffetene)

  1. sideboard or buffet (US) (dining room furniture containing table linen and services)
  2. buffet (counter or room where refreshments are sold)
  3. stående buffet – buffet (a meal which guests can serve themselves)

Norwegian Nynorsk

Alternative forms

  • buffé, buffe

Etymology

From French buffet.

Noun

buffet m (definite singular buffeten, indefinite plural buffetar, definite plural buffetane)

  1. sideboard or buffet (US) (dining room furniture containing table linen and services)
  2. buffet (a counter or room where refreshments are sold)
  3. ståande buffet – buffet (a meal which guests can serve themselves)

Portuguese

Alternative forms

  • bufê, bufete
  • bifê (proscribed)

Etymology

From French buffet.

Pronunciation

Noun

buffet m (plural buffets)

  1. ? (proscribed) buffet (food laid out so diners may serve themselves)

Further reading

  • “buffet” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Spanish

Alternative forms

  • bufet

Etymology

From French buffet. Doublet of bufete.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /buˈfet/, [buˈfet̪]

Noun

buffet m (plural buffets)

  1. buffet

Further reading

  • “bufet” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Swedish smörgåsbord (buffet with many small dishes; smorgasbord), from smörgås (sandwich) + bord (table). Smörgås is from Swedish smör (butter) + gås (goose), a reference to pieces of butter which float to the surface of milk when churned.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈsmɔːɡəs(ˌ)bɔːd/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈsmɔɹɡəsˌbɔɹd/, /ˈʃmɔɹ-/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)d
  • Hyphenation: smor‧gas‧bord

Noun

smorgasbord (plural smorgasbords)

  1. A Swedish-style buffet comprising a variety of cold sandwiches and other dishes; (by extension) any buffet with a wide selection of dishes.
  2. (figuratively) An abundant and diverse collection of things.
    Synonyms: assortment, hodgepodge, medley, miscellany, Whitman’s sampler; see also Thesaurus:hodgepodge

Translations

References

Further reading

  • smörgåsbord on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • smorgasbord (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial