bulb vs medulla what difference

what is difference between bulb and medulla

English

Etymology

From Middle English bulb, bolbe, from Latin bulbus (bulb, onion), from Ancient Greek βολβός (bolbós, plant with round swelling on underground stem).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: bŭlb, IPA(key): /bʌlb/
  • Rhymes: -ʌlb

Noun

bulb (plural bulbs)

  1. Any solid object rounded at one end and tapering on the other, possibly attached to a larger object at the tapered end.
    the bulb of the aorta
  2. A light bulb.
  3. The bulb-shaped root portion of a plant such as a tulip, from which the rest of the plant may be regrown.
    • 2005, Plato, Sophist. Translation by Lesley Brown. 265c.
      the plants which grow in the earth from seed or bulbs.
  4. (nautical) a bulbous protuberance at the forefoot of certain vessels to reduce turbulence.
  5. (dated, neuroanatomy) The medulla oblongata.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Verb

bulb (third-person singular simple present bulbs, present participle bulbing, simple past and past participle bulbed)

  1. (intransitive) To take the shape of a bulb; to swell.

Anagrams

  • blub

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin bulbus.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈbulp/

Noun

bulb m (plural bulbs)

  1. (botany) bulb (bulb-shaped root of a plant)

Related terms

  • bulbós

Further reading

  • “bulb” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.

Romanian

Etymology

From French bulbe

Noun

bulb m (plural bulbi)

  1. bulb

Declension



English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin medulla (pith, marrow), perhaps from medius (middle).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /məˈdʌlə/, IPA(key): /mɛˈdʌlə/

Noun

medulla (plural medullas or medullae or medullæ)

  1. The soft inner part of something, especially the pith of a fruit.
  2. (anatomy) The inner substance of various organs and structures, especially the marrow of bones.
  3. (anatomy, neuroanatomy) The medulla oblongata.
  4. (botany) The internal tissue of a plant.

Derived terms

  • medulla oblongata
  • medullar
  • medullary
  • medulloblastoma

Translations


Interlingua

Noun

medulla (plural medullas)

  1. medulla

Latin

Etymology

Uncertain, perhaps related to Latin medius, or Proto-Indo-European *mosgʰos.

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /meˈdul.la/, [mɛˈd̪ʊlːʲä]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /meˈdul.la/, [mɛˈd̪ulːɑ]

Noun

medulla f (genitive medullae); first declension

  1. (anatomy) marrow
  2. vocative singular of medulla

Declension

First-declension noun.

Derived terms

  • medullitus
  • medullula

Descendants

Noun

medullā f

  1. ablative singular of medulla

References

  • medulla in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • medulla in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • medulla in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • medulla in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Niedermann, Max (1950), “Der Suffixtypus -ullus, -a, -um lateinischer Appellativa”, in Museum Helveticum[1], pages 156–157

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