bully vs swagger what difference

what is difference between bully and swagger

English

Etymology

From 1530, as a term of endearment, probably a diminutive ( +‎ -y) of Dutch boel (lover; brother), from Middle Dutch boel, boele (brother; lover), from Old Dutch *buolo, from Proto-Germanic *bōlô (compare Middle Low German bôle (brother), Middle High German buole (brother; close relative; close relation) (whence German Buhle (lover)), Old English Bōla, Bōlla (personal name), diminutive of expressive *bō- (brother, father). Compare also Latvian bālinš (brother). More at boy.

The term acquired negative senses during the 17th century; first ‘noisy, blustering fellow’ then ‘a person who is cruel to others’. Possibly influenced by bull (male cattle) or via the ‘prostitute’s minder’ sense. The positive senses are dated, but survive in phrases such as bully pulpit.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbʊli/
  • Rhymes: -ʊli

Noun

bully (countable and uncountable, plural bullies)

  1. A person who is intentionally physically or emotionally cruel to others, especially to those whom they perceive as being vulnerable or of less power or privilege. [from late 17th c.]
  2. A noisy, blustering, tyrannical person, more insolent than courageous; one who is threatening and quarrelsome.
  3. A hired thug.
    • 1849, John McLean, Notes of a Twenty-Five Years’ Service in the Hudson’s Bay Territory, pp. 42-3:
      Mr. Fisher returned from town… he had learnt that our opponents intended to shift the scene of operations to the Chats… We understood that they had hired two bullies for the purpose of deciding the matter par voie de fait. Mr Fisher hired two of the same description, who were supposed to be more than a match for the opposition party.
    Synonyms: henchman, thug
  4. A sex worker’s minder.
    Synonyms: pimp; see also Thesaurus:pimp
    • 2009, Dan Cruikshank, Secret History of Georgian London, Random House, p. 473:
      The Proclamation Society and the Society for the Suppression of Vice were more concerned with obscene literature […] than with hands-on street battles with prostitutes and their bullies […].
  5. (uncountable) Bully beef.
  6. (obsolete) A brisk, dashing fellow.
  7. The small scrum in the Eton College field game.
  8. Various small freshwater or brackishwater fish of the family Eleotridae; sleeper goby.
  9. (obsolete or dialectal, Ireland and Northern England) An (eldest) brother; a fellow workman; comrade
  10. (dialectal) A companion; mate (male or female).
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:friend
  11. (obsolete) A darling, sweetheart (male or female).
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:sweetheart
  12. (field hockey) A standoff between two players from the opposing teams, who repeatedly hit each other’s hockey sticks and then attempt to acquire the ball, as a method of resuming the game in certain circumstances. Also called bully-off.
  13. (mining) A miner’s hammer.

Translations

Verb

bully (third-person singular simple present bullies, present participle bullying, simple past and past participle bullied)

  1. (transitive) To intimidate (someone) as a bully.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:intimidate
  2. (transitive) To act aggressively towards.
    Synonyms: push around, ride roughshod over

Translations

Adjective

bully (comparative bullier, superlative bulliest)

  1. (US, slang) Very good.
    Synonyms: excellent; see also Thesaurus:excellent
    • 1916, The Independent (volumes 35-36, page 6)
      She is a bully woman, not only a good mother, but a wonderful in-law
  2. (slang, obsolete) Jovial and blustering.
    Synonym: dashing
    • 1597, William Shakespeare, The Merry Wives of Windsor Act II, scene iii:

Derived terms

  • bully boy
  • bully pulpit

Translations

Interjection

bully

  1. (often followed by for) Well done!
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:well done

Translations

Further reading

  • bully on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

References


Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from English bully, itself a derivation of Dutch boel (lover; brother).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbu.li/
  • Hyphenation: bul‧ly

Noun

bully m (plural bully’s)

  1. (field hockey) bully (way of resuming the game with a standoff between two opposing players who repeatedly hit each other’s sticks, then try to gain possession of the ball)

Spanish

Noun

bully m (plural bullys or bullies or bully)

  1. bully


English

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈswæɡ.ə/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈswæɡ.ɚ/
  • Rhymes: -æɡə(r)

Etymology 1

A frequentative form of swag (to sway), first attested in 1590, in A Midsummer Night’s Dream III.i.79:

  • PUCK: What hempen homespuns have we swaggering here?

Verb

swagger (third-person singular simple present swaggers, present participle swaggering, simple past and past participle swaggered)

  1. To behave (especially to walk or carry oneself) in a pompous, superior manner.
    • 1845, Benjamin Disraeli, Sybil
      a man who swaggers about London clubs
  2. To boast or brag noisily; to bluster; to bully.
    • 1698, Jeremy Collier, A Moral Essay upon Pride
      To be great is not [] to swagger at our footmen.
    • 1724, Jonathan Swift, The Drapier’s Letters, Dublin and London, 1730, Letter 1, p. 14,[1]
      For the common Soldier when he goes to the Market or Ale-house will offer this Money, and if it be refused, perhaps he will SWAGGER and HECTOR, and Threaten to Beat the BUTCHER or Ale-Wife, or take the Goods by Force, and throw them the bad HALF-PENCE.
  3. To walk with a swaying motion.
Derived terms
  • swaggerer
  • swaggeringly
  • swagger it
  • aswagger
Translations

Noun

swagger (countable and uncountable, plural swaggers)

  1. Confidence, pride.
  2. A bold or arrogant strut.
  3. A prideful boasting or bragging.
Translations

Adjective

swagger (comparative more swagger, superlative most swagger)

  1. (slang, archaic) Fashionable; trendy.
    • 1899, Robert Barr, Jennie Baxter, Journalist
      It is to be a very swagger affair, with notables from every part of Europe, and they seem determined that no one connected with a newspaper shall be admitted.
    • 15 March, 1896, Ernest Rutherford, letter to Mary Newton
      Mrs J.J. [Thomson] looked very well and was dressed very swagger and made a very fine hostess.
    • 1908, Baroness Orczy, The Old Man in the Corner
      Mrs. Morton was well known for her Americanisms, her swagger dinner parties, and beautiful Paris gowns.

Etymology 2

Noun

swagger (plural swaggers)

  1. (Australia, New Zealand, historical) Synonym of swagman

References

Anagrams

  • waggers

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