bulwark vs rampart what difference

what is difference between bulwark and rampart

English

Etymology

From Middle English bulwerk, from Middle Dutch bolwerk, bolwerc and Middle Low German bolwerk, equivalent to bole (tree trunk) +‎ work. Cognate with German Bollwerk, Danish bolværk, Swedish bålverk, Dutch bolwerk. Doublet of boulevard (from French boulevard, from Dutch); cognate with Portuguese and Spanish baluarte and Italian baluardo.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbʊl.wək/
  • (US) enPR: bo͝ol’wərk, bo͝ol’wôrk, IPA(key): /ˈbʊl.wɝk/, /ˈbʊl.wɔɹk/

Noun

bulwark (plural bulwarks)

  1. A defensive wall or rampart.
  2. A defense or safeguard.
    • The royal navy of England hath ever been its greatest defence, [] the floating bulwark of the island.
  3. A breakwater.
  4. (nautical) The planking or plating along the sides of a nautical vessel above her gunwale that reduces the likelihood of seas washing over the gunwales and people being washed overboard.
  5. (figuratively) Any means of defence or security.

Translations

Verb

bulwark (third-person singular simple present bulwarks, present participle bulwarking, simple past and past participle bulwarked)

  1. (transitive) To fortify something with a wall or rampart.
  2. (transitive) To provide protection of defense for something.


English

Etymology

From Old French rempart (a rampart of a fort), from remparer (to defend, fortify, inclose with a rampart), from re- (again) + emparer (to defend, fortify, surround, seize, take possesion of), from en- + parer (to defend).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɹæm.pɑː(ɹ)t/

Noun

rampart (plural ramparts)

  1. A defensive mound of earth or a wall with a broad top and usually a stone parapet; a wall-like ridge of earth, stones or debris; an embankment for defensive purpose.
  2. A defensive structure; a protective barrier; a bulwark.
  3. That which defends against intrusion from outside; a protection.
  4. (usually in the plural) A steep bank of a river or gorge.

Translations

Verb

rampart (third-person singular simple present ramparts, present participle ramparting, simple past and past participle ramparted)

  1. To defend with a rampart; fortify or surround with a rampart.
    • 1793, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Ode on the Departing Year
      Those grassy hills, those glittering dells, / Proudly ramparted with rocks.

Derived terms

  • ramparted

Related terms

  • fraise

Translations

Further reading

  • rampart in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • rampart in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • rampart at OneLook Dictionary Search

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