bulwark vs wall what difference

what is difference between bulwark and wall

English

Etymology

From Middle English bulwerk, from Middle Dutch bolwerk, bolwerc and Middle Low German bolwerk, equivalent to bole (tree trunk) +‎ work. Cognate with German Bollwerk, Danish bolværk, Swedish bålverk, Dutch bolwerk. Doublet of boulevard (from French boulevard, from Dutch); cognate with Portuguese and Spanish baluarte and Italian baluardo.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbʊl.wək/
  • (US) enPR: bo͝ol’wərk, bo͝ol’wôrk, IPA(key): /ˈbʊl.wɝk/, /ˈbʊl.wɔɹk/

Noun

bulwark (plural bulwarks)

  1. A defensive wall or rampart.
  2. A defense or safeguard.
    • The royal navy of England hath ever been its greatest defence, [] the floating bulwark of the island.
  3. A breakwater.
  4. (nautical) The planking or plating along the sides of a nautical vessel above her gunwale that reduces the likelihood of seas washing over the gunwales and people being washed overboard.
  5. (figuratively) Any means of defence or security.

Translations

Verb

bulwark (third-person singular simple present bulwarks, present participle bulwarking, simple past and past participle bulwarked)

  1. (transitive) To fortify something with a wall or rampart.
  2. (transitive) To provide protection of defense for something.


English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /wɔːl/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /wɔl/
  • (cotcaught merger) IPA(key): /wɑl/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːl

Etymology 1

From Middle English wal, from Old English weall (wall, dike, earthwork, rampart, dam, rocky shore, cliff), from Proto-Germanic *wallaz, *wallą (wall, rampart, entrenchment), from Latin vallum (wall, rampart, entrenchment, palisade), from Proto-Indo-European *welH- (to turn, wind, roll). Perhaps conflated with waw (a wall within a house or dwelling, a room partition), from Middle English wawe, from Old English wāg, wāh (an interior wall, divider), see waw. Cognate with North Frisian wal (wall), Saterland Frisian Waal (wall, rampart, mound), Dutch wal (wall, rampart, embankment), German Wall (rampart, mound, embankment), Swedish vall (mound, wall, bank). More at wallow, walk.

Noun

wall (plural walls)

  1. A rampart of earth, stones etc. built up for defensive purposes.
  2. A structure built for defense surrounding a city, castle etc.
  3. Each of the substantial structures acting either as the exterior of or divisions within a structure.
  4. A point of desperation.
  5. A point of defeat or extinction.
  6. An impediment to free movement.
  7. A type of butterfly (Lasiommata megera).
  8. (often in combination) A barrier.
  9. A barrier to vision.
  10. Something with the apparent solidity and dimensions of a building wall.
  11. (anatomy, zoology, botany) A divisive or containing structure in an organ or cavity.
  12. (auction) A fictional bidder used to increase the price at an auction.
    Synonym: chandelier
  13. (US, slang, medicine) A doctor who tries to admit as few patients as possible.
    Antonym: sieve
  14. (soccer) A line of defenders set up between an opposing free-kick taker and the goal.
  15. (roller derby) Two or more blockers skating together so as to impede the opposing team.
    • 2013, Ellen Parnavelas, The Roller Derby Athlete (page 48)
      It can also be used to maintain the presence of a wall when one of the blockers who makes up the wall is picked off by an opposing blocker attempting to shut down the wall.
  16. (Internet) A personal notice board listing messages of interest to a particular user.
Synonyms
  • (rampart): rampart
  • (fictional bidder at an auction): chandelier
  • (personal notice board): profile
Meronyms
  • (rampart): terreplein (level walkway); parapet, crenellation (minor secondary wall protecting the terreplein); banquette (area elevated above the terreplein for use by defenders)
Translations

Verb

wall (third-person singular simple present walls, present participle walling, simple past and past participle walled)

  1. To enclose with, or as if with, a wall or walls.
    He walled the study with books.
Derived terms
  • wall in
  • wall off
  • wall up
Translations

Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Middle English wallen, from Old English weallan (to bubble, boil), from Proto-Germanic *wallōną, *wellōną (to fount, stream, boil), from Proto-Indo-European *welǝn-, *welǝm- (wave). Cognate with Middle Dutch wallen (to boil, bubble), Dutch wellen (to weld), German wellen (to wave, warp), Danish vælde (to overwhelm), Swedish välla (to gush, weld). See also well.

Verb

wall (third-person singular simple present walls, present participle walling, simple past and past participle walled)

  1. To boil.
  2. To well, as water; spring.
Related terms
  • well
  • overwhelm

Etymology 3

From Middle English walle, from Old English *wealla, *weall (spring), from Proto-Germanic *wallô, *wallaz (well, spring). See above. Cognate with Old Frisian walla (spring), Old English wiell (well).

Noun

wall (plural walls)

  1. (chiefly dialectal) A spring of water.

Etymology 4

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

wall (plural walls)

  1. (nautical) A kind of knot often used at the end of a rope; a wall knot or wale.

Verb

wall (third-person singular simple present walls, present participle walling, simple past and past participle walled)

  1. (transitive, nautical) To make a wall knot on the end of (a rope).

Etymology 5

Interjection

wall

  1. (US) Pronunciation spelling of well.
    • 1858, The New Priest in Conception Bay by Robert Lowell [2]
      Wall, they spoke up, ‘n’ says to her, s’d they, “Why, look a-here, aunty, Wus’t his skin, ‘t was rock?” so s’s she, “I guess not.” (Well, they spoke up and says to her, said they, “Why look a-here, aunty, was it his skin that was rock [referring to the Apostle Peter]?” So says she, “I guess not.”)
    • 1988, Herbert M. Sutherland, Tall Tales of the Devil’s Apron, The Overmountain Press →ISBN, page 97
      Wall, be that as it may, ol’ Hosshead was a purty good citizen in his day, an’ he shore did make Juneybell toe the mark.

Anagrams

  • lawl

German

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -al

Verb

wall

  1. singular imperative of wallen
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular present of wallen

Middle English

Noun

wall

  1. Alternative form of wale (selection, preference)

Adjective

wall

  1. Alternative form of wale

Scots

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /wɑl/, /wal/

Noun

wall (plural walls)

  1. A well. (clarification of this definition is needed)

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