bunk vs rot what difference

what is difference between bunk and rot

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: bŭngk, IPA(key): /bʌŋk/
  • Rhymes: -ʌŋk

Etymology 1

Sense of sleeping berth possibly from Scottish English bunker (seat, bench), origin is uncertain but possibly Scandinavian.
Confer Old Swedish bunke (boards used to protect the cargo of a ship).
See also boarding, flooring and confer bunch.

Noun

bunk (plural bunks)

  1. One of a series of berths or beds placed in tiers.
  2. (nautical) A built-in bed on board ship, often erected in tiers one above the other.
  3. (military) A cot.
  4. (US) A wooden case or box, which serves for a seat in the daytime and for a bed at night.
  5. (US, dialect) A piece of wood placed on a lumberman’s sled to sustain the end of heavy timbers.
Derived terms
  • bunk bed, bunkbed
  • bunkhouse
  • bunkmate
  • bunkspace
Translations

Verb

bunk (third-person singular simple present bunks, present participle bunking, simple past and past participle bunked)

  1. To occupy a bunk.
  2. To provide a bunk.

Derived terms

  • bunk up
Translations

Etymology 2

Shortened from bunkum, a variant of buncombe, from Buncombe County, North Carolina. See bunkum for more.

Noun

bunk (uncountable)

  1. (slang) Bunkum; senseless talk, nonsense.

Adjective

bunk (not comparable)

  1. (slang) defective, broken, not functioning properly
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:nonsense
Derived terms
  • debunk
Translations

Etymology 3

19th century, of uncertain origin; perhaps from previous “to occupy a bunk” meaning, with connotations of a hurried departure, as if on a ship.

Verb

bunk (third-person singular simple present bunks, present participle bunking, simple past and past participle bunked)

  1. (Britain) To fail to attend school or work without permission; to play truant (usually as in ‘to bunk off’).
  2. (dated) To expel from a school.
Translations

References

  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “bunk”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  • Webster’s Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967
  • bunk in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Anagrams

  • knub


English

Etymology

From Middle English roten, rotten, from Old English rotian (to rot, become corrupted, ulcerate, putrefy), from Proto-Germanic *rutāną (to rot).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɹɒt/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ɹɑt/
  • (General Australian, General New Zealand) IPA(key): /ɹɔt/
  • Rhymes: -ɒt
  • Homophone: wrought (in accents with the cot-caught merger)

Verb

rot (third-person singular simple present rots, present participle rotting, simple past and past participle rotted)

  1. (intransitive) To suffer decomposition due to biological action, especially by fungi or bacteria.
  2. (intransitive) To decline in function or utility.
  3. (transitive, intransitive) To (cause to) deteriorate in any way, as in morals; to corrupt.
  4. (transitive) To make putrid; to cause to be wholly or partially decomposed by natural processes.
  5. (intransitive, figuratively) To spend a long period of time (in an unpleasant place).
    • Four of the sufferers were left to rot in irons.
    • 1848, William Makepeace Thackeray, The Book of Snobs
      Rot, poor bachelor, in your club.
  6. (transitive) To expose, as flax, to a process of maceration, etc., for the purpose of separating the fiber; to ret.
  7. (dated, slang) To talk nonsense.
    • 1991, Stephen Fry, The Liar, p. 37:
      Adrian thought it worth while to try out his new slang. ‘I say, you fellows, here’s a rum go. Old Biffo was jolly odd this morning. He gave me a lot of pi-jaw about slacking and then invited me to tea. No rotting! He did really.’

Synonyms

  • putrefy

Derived terms

  • brown rot
  • potter’s rot

Translations

Noun

rot (countable and uncountable, plural rots)

  1. The process of becoming rotten; putrefaction.
  2. Decaying matter.
  3. Any of several diseases in which breakdown of tissue occurs.
  4. (uncountable) Verbal nonsense.

Synonyms

  • (nonsense): See also Thesaurus:nonsense

Translations

Anagrams

  • ORT, OTR, RTO, TOR, TRO, Tor, ort, tor

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch rot, dialectal form of rat.

Noun

rot (plural rotte)

  1. rat

See also

  • muis

Alemannic German

Alternative forms

  • rout, ruat, ròt, röts

Etymology

From Middle High German rōt (red, red-haired), from Old High German rōt (red, scarlet, purple-red, brown-red, yellow-red), from Proto-Germanic *raudaz. Cognate with German rot, Dutch rood, English red, West Frisian read, Danish rød.

Adjective

rot

  1. (Formazza) red

References

  • “rot” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle isole linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin ructus.

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ot

Noun

rot m (plural rots)

  1. belch

Related terms

  • rotar

Further reading

  • “rot” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rɔt/
  • Rhymes: -ɔt

Etymology 1

See rotten

Adjective

rot (comparative rotter, superlative rotst)

  1. rotten, spoiled, decayed, putrid
  2. rotten, tedious, unkind, mean
Inflection

Derived terms

  • rothumeur
  • rotvaart

Noun

rot n (plural rotten, diminutive rotje n)

  1. rot, something rotten, something rotting

Etymology 2

From Middle Dutch rotte.

Noun

rot f (plural rotten, diminutive rotje n)

  1. (dialectal, Northern) Alternative form of rat.

Derived terms

  • oude rot
  • landrot
  • zeerot

Etymology 3

From Middle Dutch rote.

Noun

rot n or f (plural rotten, diminutive rotje n)

  1. (military) a file (of men)
  2. (obsolete) multitude, band, throng
    Synonyms: drom, massa, menigte, schare

Anagrams

  • tor

French

Etymology

From Latin ructus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʁo/
  • Homophones: rhô, ros, rôt

Noun

rot m (plural rots)

  1. (colloquial) belch, burp

Synonyms

  • renvoi

Related terms

  • roter

Further reading

  • “rot” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Friulian

Etymology

From Latin ruptus.

Adjective

rot (feminine rote)

  1. broken

Derived terms

  • rote

Related terms

  • rompi
  • roture

German

Alternative forms

  • roth (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle High German rōt (red, red-haired), from Old High German rōt (red, scarlet, purple-red, brown-red, yellow-red), from Proto-Germanic *raudaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós, from *h₁rewdʰ-. Compare Low German root, rod, rot, Dutch rood, English red, West Frisian read, Danish rød.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /roːt/, [ʁoːt(ʰ)], [roːt]
  • Rhymes: -oːt

Adjective

rot (comparative röter or roter, superlative am rötesten or am rotesten)

  1. red (colour)
  2. (politics) red; pertaining to Marxism in the widest sense; social democratic; socialist; communist
    1. (politics, Germany, in particular) pertaining to the social democratic SPD or the more rigidly socialist Linke
  3. (possibly mildly offensive) red-haired
  4. (historical, possibly offensive) redskin; Native American; Indian

Declension

Synonyms

  • (red-haired): rothaarig
  • (redskin): rothäutig

Derived terms

  • Rot, röten, Röte, Röteln, Rötung, rötlich

Hyponyms

Related terms

Further reading

  • “rot” in Duden online

German Low German

Adjective

rot

  1. Alternative spelling of root

Icelandic

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rɔːt/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːt

Etymology 1

Noun

rot n (genitive singular rots, no plural)

  1. unconsciousness, insensibility
Declension
Related terms
  • rota

Etymology 2

See rotna

Noun

rot n (genitive singular rots, nominative plural rot)

  1. rot, decay, putrefaction
Declension
Related terms
  • rotna
  • rotinn
  • rota

Middle English

Etymology 1

Noun

rot

  1. Alternative form of rote (root)

Etymology 2

Verb

rot

  1. Alternative form of roten (to rot)

Etymology 3

A back-formation from roten (to rot).

Alternative forms

  • rote, root, rotte, rott

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rɔt/, /rɔːt/

Noun

rot (uncountable)

  1. Rotting or decomposition; the situation where something rots.
  2. Any disease which causes decaying and decomposition in humans.
  3. A disease that afflicts sheep; footrot, the rot.
Descendants
  • English: rot
References
  • “rō̆t, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2019-02-24.

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Old Norse rót, from Proto-Germanic *wrōts, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds.

Noun

rot m or f (definite singular rota or roten, indefinite plural røtter, definite plural røttene)

  1. root (part of a plant normally below ground level)
  2. root (of a tooth)
  3. root (of a hair)
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Verb

rot

  1. imperative of rote

References

  • “rot” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ruːt/ (example of pronunciation)

Etymology 1

From Old Norse rót, from Proto-Germanic *wrōts, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds. Akin to English root.

Noun

rot f (definite singular rota, indefinite plural røter, definite plural røtene)

  1. root (of a plant)
  2. root (of a tooth)
  3. root (of a hair)

Inflection

Derived terms

  • gulrot
  • kvadratrot
  • kålrot
  • rotfrukt

Etymology 2

From Old Norse rót.

Noun

rot n (definite singular rotet, uncountable)

  1. a mess, untidiness, chaos
    Det er for mykje rot på loftet. Me må rydda.

    The attic is a mess. We have to tidy it up.
    Når me prøver å samarbeida med dei, blir det berre rot.

    When we try working with them, it just turns into chaos.

References

  • “rot” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Anagrams

  • ort, Tor, tor, tro

Old Dutch

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *raud.

Adjective

rōt

  1. red

Inflection

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants

  • Middle Dutch: rôot
    • Dutch: rood
      • Afrikaans: rooi
      • Jersey Dutch: rôi
      • Negerhollands: rooi, ro, roo, rood
      • Skepi Creole Dutch: aro
    • Limburgish: roead

Further reading

  • “rōt”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old High German

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *raud, from Proto-Germanic *raudaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós, from *h₁rewdʰ-.

Adjective

rōt

  1. red

Descendants

  • Middle High German: rōt
    • Alemannic German: rot, rout, ruat, ròt, röts (Italian Walser)
    • German: rot
    • Hunsrik: rod
    • Luxembourgish: rout
    • Mòcheno: roat
    • Pennsylvania German: rot
    • Vilamovian: rut
    • Yiddish: רויט(royt)

Old Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse rót, from Proto-Germanic *wrōts.

Noun

rōt f

  1. root

Declension

Descendants

  • Swedish: rot

Pennsylvania German

Etymology

From Middle High German and Old High German rōt, from Proto-West Germanic *raud, from Proto-Germanic *raudaz. Compare German rot, Dutch rood, English red.

Adjective

rot

  1. red

Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rɔt/

Noun

rot f

  1. genitive plural of rota

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Swedish rōt, from Old Norse rót, from Proto-Germanic *wrōts, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ruːt/

Noun

rot c

  1. root; the part of a plant under the surface.
  2. the part of a tooth extending into the bone holding the tooth in place
  3. source; an underlying cause
  4. (mathematics) of a number n, a positive number which, when raised to a specified power, yields n; the square root is understood if no power is specified
  5. (mathematics) a zero (of a function).
  6. (mathematics) a designated node in a tree.
  7. (mathematics) curl; a measure on how fast a vector field rotates: it can be described as the cross product of del and a given vectorial field
  8. (computing) root directory
  9. (linguistics) a word from which another word is derived.

Declension

Synonyms

  • källa (3)
  • nollställe (5)

Related terms

  • ört

See also

  • rötter
  • rota (sig)

Anagrams

  • Tor, ort, tro

Tok Pisin

Etymology

From English road.

Noun

rot

  1. road, street
    • 2003, Mühlhäusler et al., Tok Pisin texts, John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 9:
      Planti liklik rot i stap long ailan hia.

      Many little roads exist on this island.

References

Tok Pisin texts: from the beginning to the present / edited by Peter Mühlhäusler, Thomas E. Dutton, Suzanne Romaine. / John Benjamins Publishing Company / Copyright 2003 / →ISBN / page 106


Vilamovian

Etymology

From Italian rata (installment)

Pronunciation

Noun

rōt f (plural rota)

  1. installment (a kind of payment)

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial