bunker vs dugout what difference

what is difference between bunker and dugout

English

Etymology

The military sense of the word was imported from German into English during World War II. Other senses came from Scots, possibly related to bunk.

Pronunciation

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈbʌŋkɚ/
  • Rhymes: -ʌŋkə(r)

Noun

bunker (plural bunkers)

  1. (military) A hardened shelter, often buried partly or fully underground, designed to protect the inhabitants from falling bombs or other attacks.
  2. (Britain) A large container or bin for storing coal, often built outside in the yard of a house. Now rare, as different types of fuels and energy sources are being used.
  3. (nautical) A container for storing coal or fuel oil for a ship’s engine; (by extension) the quantity of fuel needed to replenish that container.
  4. (rail transport) the coal compartment on a tank engine.
  5. (golf) A sand-filled hollow on a golf course.
  6. (paintball) An obstacle used to block an opposing player’s view and field of fire.
  7. (Scotland) A sort of chest or box, as in a window, the lid of which serves for a seat.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Jamieson to this entry?)
  8. (Scotland, slang) A kitchen worktop.
  9. (Britain, slang) One who bunks off; a truant from school.
  10. Certain fish, menhaden.

Derived terms

  • bunkering
  • bunker fuel
  • bunker oil

Translations

Verb

bunker (third-person singular simple present bunkers, present participle bunkering, simple past and past participle bunkered)

  1. (nautical) To load a vessel with oil or coal for the engine.
  2. (golf) To hit a golf ball into a bunker.
  3. (paintball) To fire constantly at a hiding opponent, preventing them from firing at other players and trapping them behind the barrier. This can also refer to eliminating an opponent behind cover by rushing the position and firing at extremely close range as the player becomes exposed.

Derived terms

  • bunkerage
  • bunkerer
  • bunkering

Translations

References

  • “bunker” in the Dictionary of the Scots Language, Edinburgh: Scottish Language Dictionaries.
  • “bunker”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

Anagrams

  • Brunke

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from English bunker.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbʏŋ.kər/
  • Hyphenation: bun‧ker
  • Rhymes: -ʏŋkər

Noun

bunker m (plural bunkers, diminutive bunkertje n)

  1. bunker (low-lying fortification built into the landscape)
    Synonym: kazemat
  2. (golf) bunker (hole with a surface of sand or dirt, placed on a golf course as a barrier)
  3. bunker, cargo hold, storage room

Derived terms

  • atoombunker
  • bunkeren
  • rukbunker

Descendants

  • Indonesian: bunker

French

Etymology 1

Borrowed from German Bunker

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /buŋ.kɛʁ/, /buŋ.kœʁ/

Noun

bunker m (plural bunkers)

  1. (military) bunker

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English bunker

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bœŋ.kœʁ/

Noun

bunker m (plural bunkers)

  1. (golf) bunker

Further reading

  • “bunker” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Indonesian

Etymology

From Dutch bunker, from English bunker, from German Bunker.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈbʊŋkər]
  • Hyphenation: bung‧kêr

Noun

bunker (plural bunker-bunker, first-person possessive bunkerku, second-person possessive bunkermu, third-person possessive bunkernya)

  1. bunker
    1. (military) a hardened shelter, often buried partly or fully underground, designed to protect the inhabitants from falling bombs or other attacks.
    2. (nautical) a container for storing coal or fuel oil for a ship’s engine.

Alternative forms

  • bunker, bangker, banker

Further reading

  • “bunker” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

Noun

bunker m

  1. indefinite plural of bunke

Etymology 2

From English bunker

Noun

bunker m (definite singular bunkeren, indefinite plural bunkere, definite plural bunkerne)

  1. bunker (storage for fuel on a ship)
  2. bunker (reinforced shelter)
  3. bunker (on a golf course)
Derived terms
  • bunkerolje
  • bunkre
Related terms
  • bunkers (fuel oil, military bunker)

References

  • “bunker” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From English bunker

Noun

bunker m (definite singular bunkeren, indefinite plural bunkerar, definite plural bunkerane)

  1. bunker (storage for fuel on a ship)
  2. bunker (reinforced shelter)
  3. bunker (on a golf course)

Derived terms

  • bunkre

Related terms

  • bunkers (fuel oil, militsry bunker)

References

  • “bunker” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Portuguese

Noun

bunker m (plural bunkeres)

  1. bunker

Serbo-Croatian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bǔnker/
  • Hyphenation: bun‧ker

Noun

bùnker m (Cyrillic spelling бу̀нкер)

  1. bunker (hardened shelter)
  2. bunker (container for storing coal or fuel oil for a ship’s engine)

Declension


Spanish

Noun

bunker m (plural bunkers)

  1. bunker


English

Alternative forms

  • dug-out

Etymology

From the verb phrase dug out.

Noun

dugout (plural dugouts)

  1. (nautical) A canoe made from a hollowed-out log.
    Synonyms: logboat, periagua
  2. (military) A pit dug into the ground as a shelter, especially from enemy fire.
  3. (baseball, soccer) A sunken shelter at the side of a baseball or football (soccer) field where non-playing team members and staff sit during a game.
  4. (slang) A portable device used to smoke marijuana.
  5. (Canadian Prairies) A pit used to catch and store rainwater or runoff.

Translations

Further reading

  • dugout (shelter) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • dugout (boat) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • dugout (smoking) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • dugout (baseball) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Spanish

Noun

dugout m (plural dugouts)

  1. (sports) dugout

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