what is difference between bureaucracy and bureaucratism
- bureau-ocracy (dated)
- burocracy (American)
bureau + -cracy, from French bureaucratie, coined by Jean Claude Marie Vincent de Gournay from bureau (“office”) + -cratie (“rule of”)
- (UK) IPA(key): /bjʊəˈɹɒkɹəsi/
- (US) IPA(key): /bjʊˈɹɑːkɹəsi/
bureaucracy (countable and uncountable, plural bureaucracies)
- Government by bureaus or their administrators or officers.
- (business, organizational theory) A system of administration based upon organisation into bureaus, division of labour, a hierarchy of authority, etc., designed to dispose of a large body of work in a routine manner.
- The body of officers and administrators, especially of a government.
- Excessive red tape and routine in any administration, body or behaviour.
- “bureaucracy” in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 49.
bureaucrat + -ism
bureaucratism (countable and uncountable, plural bureaucratisms)
- bureaucratic policies or behaviour