bureaucracy vs bureaucratism what difference

what is difference between bureaucracy and bureaucratism

English

Alternative forms

  • bureaucratie
  • bureau-ocracy (dated)
  • burocracy (American)

Etymology

bureau +‎ -cracy, from French bureaucratie, coined by Jean Claude Marie Vincent de Gournay from bureau (office) + -cratie (rule of)

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /bjʊəˈɹɒkɹəsi/
  • (US) IPA(key): /bjʊˈɹɑːkɹəsi/

Noun

bureaucracy (countable and uncountable, plural bureaucracies)

  1. Government by bureaus or their administrators or officers.
  2. (business, organizational theory) A system of administration based upon organisation into bureaus, division of labour, a hierarchy of authority, etc., designed to dispose of a large body of work in a routine manner.
  3. The body of officers and administrators, especially of a government.
  4. Excessive red tape and routine in any administration, body or behaviour.

Derived terms

  • bureaucrat
  • bureaucratese
  • bureaucratic
  • bureaucratically

Translations

See also

  • adhocracy

Further reading

  • “bureaucracy” in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 49.


English

Etymology

bureaucrat +‎ -ism

Noun

bureaucratism (countable and uncountable, plural bureaucratisms)

  1. bureaucratic policies or behaviour

Translations


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