burger vs hamburger what difference

what is difference between burger and hamburger

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɜː(ɹ)ɡə(ɹ)/
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(r)ɡə(r)
  • Homophones: Berger, -burger, burgher

Etymology 1

Coined around 1939 from hamburger, due to incorrect analysis of that term as ham + burger and shortening.

Noun

burger (plural burgers)

  1. (informal) A hamburger.
  2. (chiefly as a combining form) A similar sandwich or patty.
Derived terms
Related terms
  • cheeseburger
Coordinate terms
  • (fast food): taco, burrito
Translations

Further reading

  • burger on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Etymology 2

Noun

burger (plural burgers)

  1. Alternative form of burgher

Anagrams

  • Gruber

Afrikaans

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbœr.ɡər/

Etymology 1

From Dutch burger.

Noun

burger (plural burgers)

  1. citizen
Derived terms
  • burgerlik

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English burger, shortening of hamburger

Noun

burger (plural burgers)

  1. burger

Danish

Etymology

Borrowed from English burger.

Noun

burger c (singular definite burgeren, plural indefinite burgere)

  1. burger

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbʏr.ɣər/
  • Hyphenation: bur‧ger
  • Rhymes: -ʏrɣər

Etymology 1

Related to burg (fortified town), burcht (castle).

Noun

burger m (plural burgers, diminutive burgertje n, feminine burgerin)

  1. citizen
    • 1988, Het Boek, International Bible Society, Richteren 8:9:
      Daarom zei hij tegen de burgers van Pnuël: []

      So he said to the citizens of Penuel: []
  2. middle-class or bourgeois person, burgher
Synonyms
  • (citizen) staatsburger
Derived terms
Related terms
  • bourgeois
  • bourgeoisie
  • hamburger
Descendants
  • Afrikaans: burger
  • Negerhollands: borger
  • Papiamentu: birger (dated)
  • Sranan Tongo: borgu

Etymology 2

From hamburger or directly borrowed from English burger, both from English hamburger, from the German city Hamburg, from the name of a fortress in the area, Hammaburg. Related to etymology 1.

Noun

burger m (plural burgers, diminutive burgertje n)

  1. A burger; a hamburger or similar type of fast food, often but not per se containing meat.
Derived terms
  • groenteburger
  • kaasburger
  • vegaburger
  • veggieburger

Estonian

Etymology

From hamburger.

Noun

burger (genitive [please provide], partitive [please provide])

  1. burger

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Synonyms

  • burks
  • hamburger

Derived terms

  • burks

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

A shortening of hamburger

Noun

burger m (definite singular burgeren, indefinite plural burgere, definite plural burgerne)

  1. a burger

Derived terms

  • burgerbrød

See also

  • burgar (Nynorsk)

References

  • “burger” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • “burger” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).

Polish

Etymology

From English burger.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbur.ɡɛr/

Noun

burger m inan

  1. burger (sandwich or patty similar to a hamburger)

Declension

Further reading

  • burger in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • burger in Polish dictionaries at PWN


English

Alternative forms

  • hamburgher (dated)

Etymology

Shortening of Hamburger sandwich, Hamburger steak, etc.; or, less likely, borrowed from German Hamburger (native of Hamburg), equivalent to Hamburg +‎ -er. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈhæmˌbɜː.ɡə/, /ˈhæm.bə.ɡə/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈhæmˌbɝ.ɡɚ/, /ˈhæm.bɚ.ɡɚ/

Noun

hamburger (countable and uncountable, plural hamburgers)

  1. A hot sandwich consisting of a patty of cooked ground beef or a meat substitute, in a sliced bun, sometimes also containing salad vegetables, condiments, or both.
  2. The patty used in such a sandwich.
  3. (uncountable) Ground beef, especially that intended to be made into hamburgers.
  4. (US, colloquial, somewhat crude) An animal or human, or the flesh thereof, that has been badly injured as a result of an accident or conflict.
  5. (graphical user interface) Short for hamburger button.

Synonyms

  • liberty sandwich (US, historical)
  • (sandwich): beefburger
  • (patty): hamburger patty

Hypernyms

  • (sandwich): burger

Hyponyms

(sandwich, patty):

  • slider
  • quarter-pounder
  • cheeseburger

Coordinate terms

(sandwich, patty):

  • chicken burger
  • fish burger
  • lamb burger
  • pork burger
  • vegeburger
  • soyburger

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Swahili: hambaga
  • Korean: 햄버거 (haembeogeo)

Translations

See also

  • ???? (hamburger emoji)

Czech

Noun

hamburger m

  1. hamburger (a hot sandwich consisting of a patty of cooked ground beef, in a sliced bun, sometimes also containing salad vegetables, condiments, or both)

Declension

Synonyms

  • hambáč

Further reading

  • hamburger in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from English hamburger.

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: ham‧bur‧ger

Noun

hamburger m (plural hamburgers, diminutive hamburgertje n)

  1. hamburger

Estonian

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) from English

Noun

hamburger (genitive [please provide], partitive [please provide])

  1. hamburger

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Synonyms

  • burger
  • burks

Derived terms

  • burger

French

Etymology

From English hamburger, from German Hamburger.

Pronunciation

  • (France) (aspirated h) IPA(key): /ɑ̃.bœʁ.ɡœʁ/, /ɑ̃.buʁ.ɡɛʁ/
  • (Quebec) (aspirated h) IPA(key): /ɑ̃.bœʁ.ɡœʁ/
  • Rhymes: -œʁ
  • Homophone: hamburgers

Noun

hamburger m (plural hamburgers)

  1. hamburger

Synonyms

  • hambourgeois

Further reading

  • “hamburger” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Hungarian

Etymology

From English hamburger.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈhɒmburɡɛr]
  • Hyphenation: ham‧bur‧ger
  • Rhymes: -ɛr

Noun

hamburger (plural hamburgerek)

  1. hamburger (hot sandwich)
    Synonym: (clipping) hambi

Declension

Derived terms

Related terms

References


Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /amˈbur.ɡer/

Noun

hamburger m (invariable)

  1. hamburger
    Synonym: svizzera

References


Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From German Hamburger and English hamburger

Noun

hamburger m (definite singular hamburgeren, indefinite plural hamburgere, definite plural hamburgerne)

  1. a Hamburger (person from Hamburg)
  2. a hamburger (fast food)

See also

  • hamburgar (Nynorsk)

References

  • “hamburger” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Polish

Etymology

From English hamburger.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /xamˈbur.ɡɛr/

Noun

hamburger m inan

  1. hamburger (sandwich and patty)
  2. (derogatory) an American

Declension

Derived terms

  • (adjective) hamburgerowy

Further reading

  • hamburger in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • hamburger in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Etymology

From English hamburger

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɐ̃ˈburɡer/

Noun

hamburger m (plural hamburgeres)

  1. hamburger
    Synonym: hambúrguer

Romanian

Etymology

From English hamburger, German Hamburger.

Noun

hamburger m (plural hamburgeri)

  1. hamburger

Declension


Turkish

Etymology

From German Hamburger.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [hɑm.ˈbʊɾ.ɟeɾ]

Noun

hamburger

  1. hamburger

Declension

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