burgess vs burgher what difference

what is difference between burgess and burgher

English

Etymology

From Middle English burgeis, from Anglo-Norman burgeis, of Proto-Germanic origin; either from Late Latin burgensis (from Latin *burgus), or from Frankish, both from Proto-Germanic *burgz (stronghold, city), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ-. See also bourgeois, burgish.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈbɜːdʒɪs/

Noun

burgess (plural burgesses)

  1. An inhabitant of a borough with full rights; a citizen.
    • In former days every tavern of repute kept such a room for its own select circle, a club, or society, of habitués, who met every evening, for a pipe and a cheerful glass. In this way all respectable burgesses, down to fifty years ago, spent their evenings.
  2. (historical) A town magistrate.
  3. (historical, Britain) A representative of a borough in the Parliament.
  4. (historical, US) A member of the House of Burgesses, a legislative body in colonial America, established by the Virginia Company to provide civil rule in the colonies.

Related terms

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References



English

Alternative forms

  • burger

Etymology

From Middle English burger, burgher, burghere, equivalent to burgh +‎ -er (inhabitant of). Likely merged with and reinforced by Middle Dutch burgher (Modern Dutch: burger); from Middle High German burger (Modern German: Bürger); from Old High German burgāri (inhabitant of a fortress); derivative of burg (fortress, citadel), from Proto-Germanic *burgz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (fortified elevation). Compare also Old English burgwaras (inhabitants of a burg, burghers, citizens) and Serbo-Croatian purger. More at borough.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɝːɡɚ/
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(r)ɡə(r)
  • Homophone: burger

Noun

burgher (plural burghers)

  1. A citizen of a borough or town, especially one belonging to the middle class.
    1. A member of the medieval mercantile class.
    2. A citizen of a medieval city.
  2. A prosperous member of the community; a middle class citizen (may connote complacency).

Derived terms

  • burghermaster
  • burghership

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Translations


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