burrow vs tunnel what difference

what is difference between burrow and tunnel

English

Etymology

From Middle English borowe, borewe, borwȝ, burȝe, burh, burye (refuge for an animal, lair, burrow), apparently a variant of Middle English burgh (fortified dwelling, stronghold, refuge) (see borough) and thus from Old English burh, from Proto-Germanic *burgz (stronghold, city), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high), but this sense is not known in Old English burh. Compare, however, Dutch cognate burcht, which has a similar sense.

It may be related to bury (“to dig”), in which case it would be derived from Proto-Indo-European *bʰergʰ- (to protect, defend, save, preserve).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbʌɹəʊ/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈbʌɹoʊ/ (accents without the “Hurry-furry” merger)
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈbɜɹoʊ/ (accents with the “Hurry-furry” merger)
  • Rhymes: -ʌrəʊ
  • Homophone: borough (one pronunciation)

Noun

burrow (plural burrows)

  1. A tunnel or hole, often as dug by a small creature.
    • 1922, Margery Williams, The Velveteen Rabbit
      But very soon he grew to like it, for the Boy used to talk to him, and made nice tunnels for him under the bedclothes that he said were like the burrows the real rabbits lived in.
  2. (mining) A heap or heaps of rubbish or refuse.
  3. Obsolete form of barrow. A mound.
  4. Obsolete form of borough. An incorporated town.

Translations

Verb

burrow (third-person singular simple present burrows, present participle burrowing, simple past and past participle burrowed)

  1. (intransitive) to dig a tunnel or hole
  2. (intransitive) (with adverbial of direction) to move underneath or press up against in search of safety or comfort
  3. (intransitive) (with into) to investigate thoroughly

Translations



English

Etymology

From Middle French tonnelle (net) or tonel (cask), diminutive of Old French tonne (cask), a word of uncertain origin and affiliation. Related to Old English tunne (tun; cask; barrel). More at tun.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈtʌn(ə)l/
  • Rhymes: -ʌnəl
  • Hyphenation: tun‧nel

Noun

tunnel (plural tunnels)

  1. An underground or underwater passage.
  2. A passage through or under some obstacle.
    • 1922, Margery Williams, The Velveteen Rabbit
      But very soon he grew to like it, for the Boy used to talk to him, and made nice tunnels for him under the bedclothes that he said were like the burrows the real rabbits lived in.
  3. A hole in the ground made by an animal, a burrow.
  4. (computing, networking) A wrapper for a protocol that cannot otherwise be used because it is unsupported, blocked, or insecure.
  5. A vessel with a broad mouth at one end, a pipe or tube at the other, for conveying liquor, fluids, etc., into casks, bottles, or other vessels; a funnel.
  6. The opening of a chimney for the passage of smoke; a flue.
  7. (mining) A level passage driven across the measures, or at right angles to veins which it is desired to reach; distinguished from the drift, or gangway, which is led along the vein when reached by the tunnel.

Hyponyms

  • base tunnel
  • running tunnel
  • summit tunnel

Descendants

  • Portuguese: túnel

Translations

Verb

tunnel (third-person singular simple present tunnels, present participle (UK) tunnelling or (US) tunneling, simple past and past participle (UK) tunnelled or (US) tunneled)

  1. (transitive) To make a tunnel through or under something; to burrow.
  2. (intransitive) To dig a tunnel.
  3. (computing, networking) To transmit something through a tunnel (wrapper for insecure or unsupported protocol).
  4. (transitive, medicine) To insert a catheter into a vein to allow long-term use.
  5. (physics) To undergo the quantum-mechanical phenomenon where a particle penetrates through a barrier that it classically cannot surmount.

Derived terms

Further reading

  • tunnel on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Tunnel (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • nunlet, unlent

Danish

Noun

tunnel c (definite singular tunnelen or tunnellen, indefinite plural tunneler or tunneller, definite plural tunnelerne or tunnellerne)

  1. tunnel

Derived terms

  • tunnelsyn
  • vindtunnel

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from English tunnel, from Middle French tonnelle.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈtʏ.nəl/
  • Hyphenation: tun‧nel

Noun

tunnel m (plural tunnels, diminutive tunneltje n)

  1. tunnel

Derived terms


French

Etymology

Borrowed from English tunnel, itself a borrowing from French tonnelle; hence a reborrowing. Doublet of tonnelle.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ty.nɛl/

Noun

tunnel m (plural tunnels)

  1. tunnel

Derived terms

  • voir le bout du tunnel

Further reading

  • “tunnel” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Italian

Etymology

Borrowed from English tunnel.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈtun.nel/
  • Hyphenation: tùn‧nel

Noun

tunnel m (invariable)

  1. tunnel
    Synonyms: galleria, traforo

Norwegian Bokmål

Alternative forms

  • tunell

Noun

tunnel m (definite singular tunnelen, indefinite plural tunneler, definite plural tunnelene)

  1. a tunnel
  2. (soccer) nutmeg

Derived terms

References

  • “tunnel” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Anagrams

  • lunnet, lunten

Norwegian Nynorsk

Alternative forms

  • tunell

Etymology

From English tunnel, Middle French tonnelle (net) or tonel (cask), diminutive of Old French tonne (cask), a word of uncertain origin and affiliation.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tʉˈnɛlː/, /ˈtʉnːɛl/

Noun

tunnel m (definite singular tunnelen, indefinite plural tunnelar, definite plural tunnelane)

  1. a tunnel
  2. (soccer) nutmeg

Derived terms

References

  • “tunnel” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Swedish

Etymology

From English tunnel, from Middle French tonnelle (net).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /²tɵnɛl/

Noun

tunnel c

  1. tunnel
    1. An underground or underwater passage.
    2. A passage through or under some obstacle.
    3. A hole in the ground made by an animal, a burrow.

Declension

Related terms

  • biltunnel
  • järnvägstunnel (railway tunnel)
  • tunneleffekt
  • tunnelseende
  • tunnla (to tunnel)
  • tunnling
  • vindtunnel (wind tunnel)

References

  • tunnel in Svensk ordbok.

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