butch vs macho what difference

what is difference between butch and macho

English

Etymology

Originally, it was probably used as an abbreviation of butcher. Later, in the 1940s, the sense “masculine lesbian” was developed.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bʊtʃ/
  • Rhymes: -ʊtʃ

Adjective

butch (comparative butcher or more butch, superlative butchest or most butch)

  1. (slang, originally Polari) Very masculine, with a masculine appearance or attitude.
    • 1979, Colin MacInnes, Out of the way: later essays:
      Nor can I credit that a — to put it crudely — proud bisexual butch Italian — albeit one lonely, poor, emotional and without strong will — which Giovanni is shown to be in the earlier part of the book, should become, in a mere matter of months, and as the result of any happening, the venal hysterical fairy that he does.
    • 2007, Beth A. Firestein, Becoming Visible: Counseling Bisexuals Across the Lifespan, Columbia University Press (→ISBN), page 305:
      The process of appreciating a butch aesthetic may be even more complex for bisexual butch women. In contrast to lesbian butches who may date only within a butch-femme community, bisexual butch women may be more likely to [] In comparison to butch bisexual women, it may be easier for femme bisexual women to locate male and female dating partners []
    • 2014, Naomi S Tucker, Bisexual Politics: Theories, Queries, and Visions, Routledge (→ISBN), page 186:
      More of the rotten responses I receive about being a bisexual butch woman come from other bisexuals, particularly men, who don’t want to deal with any woman who is not some Barbie doll standard of femininity.

Synonyms

  • macho, manly, mannish, unfeminine, masc

Translations

Noun

butch (plural butches)

  1. (slang, LGBT, countable) A lesbian who appears masculine or acts in a masculine manner.
    • 1997, Bi Academic Intervention, Bisexual Imaginary: Representation, Identity, and Desire, A&C Black (→ISBN), page 30, quoting Jo Eadie:
      Coming out appeals to the narcissistic pleasure of presenting to another a finished image of ourselves, which they return to us in exactly the same form: [someone tells] you [they are] a bisexual butch, and you confirm it. But instead, it seems all too likely – especially, perhaps, for bisexuals, whose claims to identity always need that much more proof – that no such mirror-image will be returned.

Synonyms

  • (masculine lesbian): bull dyke, dyke
  • See also Thesaurus:female homosexual

Antonyms

  • femme

Derived terms

  • soft butch
  • stone butch

Translations

Anagrams

  • bucht

French

Etymology

English butch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /butʃ/

Noun

butch f (plural butchs)

  1. a butch (masculine queer woman) (contrast fem)
    • 2001, Marie-Hélène Bourcier, Queer zones: politiques des identités sexuelles, des représentations et des savoirs:
      [] un couple qui fonctionne requiert des individus dichotomiques qu’il s’agisse d’un homme et d’une femme ou bien d’une butch et d’une femme”, Lilian Faderman, Odd Girls and Twilight Lovers, A History of Lesbian Life in Twentieth Century.
    • 2005, Marie-Hélène Bourcier, Sexpolitiques: queer zones 2, La Fabrique éditions:
      Une butch qui n’aurait aucune sexualité en laisserait-elle tomber pour autant: la chemise, le monocle, les Doc Martens, []
    • 2007, Eli Flory, Ces femmes qui aiment les femmes, Archipel (→ISBN):
      Une butch n’est pas une fem, qui n’est pas une lipstick. [] À l’origine, butch se disait aussi bien pour un homme que pour une femme qui accusait une apparence « très masculine ». Le butch man est l’homme  []
    • 2007, Les inrockuptibles:
      On me traitait comme ça, comme une butch. Mais la plupart des femmes avec [] Mais il me traitait comme une femme. C’était totalement []
    • 2008, Claude Guillon, Je chante le corps critique: Les usages politiques du corps
      [] à jouer tel rôle social de sexe, en manifestent néanmoins ardemment le désir ou en arborent les signes extérieurs de manière la plus ostentatoire possible. Une butch américaine déclare : « Je n’ai jamais renoncé à la femme qui est en moi. »
    • 2012, Gaëtan Duchateau, Florent Guerlain, Dernier inventaire avant le mariage pour tous, Stock (→ISBN), page 40:
      En 1995, Josiane Balasko apparaît sous les traits d’une butch (voir Argot) de compétition dans Gazon maudit, qu’elle a []
    • 2013, Denise Mina, La fin de la saison des guêpes, Le Masque (→ISBN):
      Cette femme n’avait rien d’une butch, mais c’était un look que les lesbiennes ne suivaient plus.

German

Etymology

From English butch.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [bʊt͡ʃ]

Adjective

butch (not comparable)

  1. butch

Declension

Further reading

  • “butch” in Duden online


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Spanish macho (male), from Latin masculus. Doublet of male.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈmætʃəʊ/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈmɑtʃoʊ/
  • Rhymes: -ætʃəʊ, -ɑːtʃəʊ

Adjective

macho (comparative more macho, superlative most macho)

  1. (informal) tending to display masculine characteristics, such as domineering, fierceness, bravado, etc., in ways that are showily and histrionically tough

Translations

Noun

macho (plural machos)

  1. A macho person; a person who tends to display masculine characteristics, such as domineering, fierceness, and bravado.
    Synonyms: macho man; see also Thesaurus:hypermasculine man
  2. The striped mullet of California (Mugil cephalus, syn. Mugil mexicanus).
  3. A male llama.
    Coordinate term: hembra

Derived terms

Translations

Related terms

  • machismo

Anagrams

  • Mocha, mocha

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from Spanish macho.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɑ.tʃoː/
  • Hyphenation: ma‧cho

Adjective

macho (comparative meer macho, superlative meest macho)

  1. macho (pertaining to machismo)

Inflection

Derived terms

  • machoman

Noun

macho m (plural macho’s)

  1. A macho male.

Finnish

Adjective

macho (comparative machompi, superlative machoin)

  1. macho

Declension

Noun

macho

  1. macho

Declension

Compounds

  • machomies

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Spanish macho, from Latin masculus. Doublet of mâle.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /mat.ʃo/

Noun

macho m (plural machos)

  1. One who is excessively or aggressively masculine or misogynistic; a chauvinist.
    Synonym: machiste

Derived terms

  • machisme
  • machiste

Further reading

  • “macho” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • chôma

Galician

Etymology 1

Attested from the 13th century. From Vulgar Latin masclus, contracted form of Latin masculus (male). Cognate with Spanish macho and Portuguese macho.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈmat͡ʃo̝/

Adjective

macho m or f (plural machos)

  1. male

Noun

macho m (plural machos)

  1. male
    • 1299, Clarinda de Azevedo Maia (ed.), História do galego-português. Estado linguístico da Galiza e do Noroeste de Portugal do século XII ao século XVI (com referência á situação do galego moderno). Coimbra: I.N.I.C., page 211:
      Item mãdo ao moeſteyro de Santiago d Ermelo o meu quinõ das egóás que eu auya cũ Johan Martinz, o ffrade […] os fillos que ſon machos que os vendan ſe quiſeren vender τ aſ egoas que fiquen cũ ſuas fillas femeas

      Item, I bequeath my share of the mares that I have together with Xoán Martís, the friar, to the monastery of Santiago de Ermelo […] the sons which are males shall be sold if they [the monks] wanted to, and the mares shall remain with their female daughters
    Coordinate term: femia
  2. stud
  3. mule
    • c1771, anonymous; Rosario Álvarez & Ernesto González (eds.), Décima xiringatoria:
      Endemal! non falás rouco,
      mais eu à tanto desfacho,
      (como dixo ô ôutro) a macho
      que hè lerdo, arrieiro louco.
      Por moito que eu malle, hè pouco;
      que a quen do principio aò cabo,
      sin fazer caso do crabo,
      tàs peras tira meu frade,
      conven (xiquera à semade)
      que lle zorreguen ô rabo.

      Alas! you don’t speak rough,
      but I, to such impertinence,
      as they say, to dumb mule,
      mad muleteer.
      No matter how much I strike, is not enough;
      because to whom, beginning to end,
      not paying attention to the nail,
      your pears drop, my friar,
      it is advisable (at least summarily)
      that they whip their tail
  4. piece which enters into another
Derived terms
  • machismo
  • machista
Related terms
  • masculino

Etymology 2

From Old Portuguese [Term?], probably from Latin marculus (hammer), a diminutive of marcus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈmat͡ʃo̝/

Noun

macho m (plural machos)

  1. (regional) rammer

References

  • “macho” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI – ILGA 2006-2012.
  • “macho” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez – Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • “macho” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI – ILGA 2006-2013.
  • “macho” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • “macho” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Italian

Etymology

Borrowed from Spanish macho. Doublet of maschio.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈma.t͡ʃo/
  • Hyphenation: ma‧cho

Adjective

macho (invariable)

  1. macho

Noun

macho m (invariable)

  1. macho

Further reading

  • macho in Collins Italian-English Dictionary
  • macho in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)
  • macho in Grandi Dizionari
  • macho in garzantilinguistica.it – Garzanti Linguistica, De Agostini Scuola Spa
  • macho in Dizionario Italiano Olivetti, Olivetti Media Communication
  • macho in sapere.it – De Agostini Editore
  • macho in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana

Polish

Etymology

From Spanish macho, from Vulgar Latin masclus, contracted form of Latin māsculus (male).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): //ˈma.t͡ʂɔ//

Noun

macho m pers (indeclinable)

  1. macho (macho person)

Further reading

  • macho in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • macho in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Etymology

From Old Portuguese macho, from Vulgar Latin masclus, contracted form of Latin masculus (male), from mās (male, man), -culus (diminutive suffix). Doublet of másculo.

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -aʃu

  • (South Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈma.ʃo/
  • Hyphenation: ma‧cho

Adjective

macho m (feminine singular macha, masculine plural machos, feminine plural machas, comparable)

  1. male (belonging or referring to the sex having the smaller gametes)
    Synonym: masculino
    Coordinate terms: fêmeo, feminino
  2. macho; manly
    Synonyms: másculo, varonil, viril
    Antonyms: bicha, cagão, covarde, marica, mulherzinha
  3. male (of instruments or tools: designed to fit into or penetrate a “female” counterpart)

Noun

macho m (plural machos)

  1. male
    Coordinate term: fêmea
  2. macho; manly man
    Antonyms: bicha, cagão, covarde, marica, mulherzinha

Related terms

Descendants

  • Kabuverdianu: matchu

Further reading

  • “macho” in iDicionário Aulete.
  • “macho” in Dicionário inFormal.
  • “macho” in Dicionário Aberto based on Novo Diccionário da Língua Portuguesa de Cândido de Figueiredo, 1913
  • “macho” in Dicionário infopédia da Língua Portuguesa. Porto: Porto Editora, 2003–2021.
  • “macho” in Michaelis Dicionário Brasileiro da Língua Portuguesa.
  • “macho” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈmat͡ʃo/, [ˈma.t͡ʃo]
  • Hyphenation: ma‧cho

Etymology 1

From Vulgar Latin masclus, contracted form of Latin masculus (male). Doublet of másculo.

Adjective

macho (feminine macha, masculine plural machos, feminine plural machas)

  1. male
  2. strong, brave
  3. (Costa Rica) blond, blonde
    Synonym: rubio
Usage notes
  • When used as an adjective specifying that an animal is male, macho traditionally is invariable for both gender and number: el pollo macho “the male chicken”, los pollos macho “the male chickens”, la jirafa macho “the male giraffe”, las jirafas macho “the male giraffes”. However, some speakers use the form “machos” with plural agreement marked by adding the suffix -s to the adjective: los pollos machos, las jirafas machos.
  • The feminine forms macha and machas are rare. Marimacho and masculino are used to describe masculine women.
Descendants
  • Cebuano: matso
  • English: macho
  • Tagalog: matso
References

Noun

macho m (plural machos)

  1. male
    Coordinate term: hembra
  2. (slang, Spain) dude
Derived terms
Related terms
  • masculino

Etymology 2

Two alternative theories are:

  • From Latin marculus (hammer), a diminutive of marcus, itself related to the base of malleus.
  • Variant of mazo (club).

Noun

macho m (plural machos)

  1. sledgehammer
  2. anvil

Etymology 3

Noun

macho m (plural machos, feminine macha, feminine plural machas)

  1. (Costa Rica) person with blond hair
    Synonym: rubio

Etymology 4

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

macho

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of machar.

Further reading

  • “macho” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

Swahili

Noun

macho

  1. plural of jicho

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