cadge vs sponge what difference

what is difference between cadge and sponge

English

Etymology

Possibly a corruption of cage, from Old French.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kædʒ/
  • Rhymes: -ædʒ

Noun

cadge (plural cadges)

  1. (falconry) A circular frame on which cadgers carry hawks for sale.

Translations

Verb

cadge (third-person singular simple present cadges, present participle cadging or cadgin, simple past and past participle cadged)

  1. (Tyneside) To beg.
  2. (US, Britain, slang) To obtain something by wit or guile; to convince people to do something they might not normally do.
    Synonyms: scrounge, bum; see also Thesaurus:scrounge
    • 1956, James Baldwin, Giovanni’s Room, Penguin, 2001, Part One, Chapter 2,
      They moved about the bar incessantly, cadging cigarettes and drinks, with something behind their eyes at once terribly vulnerable and terribly hard.
    • 1960, Lionel Bart, “Food, Glorious Food,” song from the musical Oliver!
      There’s not a crust, not a crumb can we find,
      can we beg, can we borrow, or cadge []
  3. To carry hawks and other birds of prey.
    • For quotations using this term, see Citations:cadge.
  4. (Britain, Scotland, dialect) To carry, as a burden.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)
  5. (Britain, Scotland, dialect) To hawk or peddle, as fish, poultry, etc.
  6. (Britain, Scotland, dialect) To intrude or live on another meanly; to beg.
    • 1839, Glasgow Society, Report for Repressing Juvenile Delinquency
      Cadging on the fly is a profitable occupation in the vicinity of bathing places, and large towns. A person of this description frequently gets many shillings in the course of the day

Translations

Derived terms

  • cadger
  • codger

Translations

References

  • Frank Graham (1987) The New Geordie Dictionary, →ISBN
  • Michael Quinion (15 January 2005), “Cadge”, in World Wide Words.

Anagrams

  • CAGED, caged


English

Etymology

From Old English spunge, taken from Latin spongia, from Ancient Greek σπογγιά (spongiá), related to σπόγγος (spóngos).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: spŭnj, IPA(key): /spʌnd͡ʒ/
  • Rhymes: -ʌndʒ

Noun

sponge (countable and uncountable, plural sponges)

  1. (countable) Any of various marine invertebrates, mostly of the phylum Porifera, that have a porous skeleton often of silica.
    Synonyms: sea sponge, bath sponge, poriferan, porifer
  2. (countable) A piece of porous material used for washing (originally made from the invertebrates, now often made of plastic).
    Synonym: bath sponge
  3. (uncountable) A porous material such as sponges consist of.
  4. (informal) A heavy drinker.
    Synonyms: souse, swill-pot; see also Thesaurus:drunkard
  5. (countable, uncountable) A type of light cake.
    Synonym: sponge cake
  6. (countable, uncountable, Britain) A type of steamed pudding.
    Synonym: sponge pudding
  7. (slang) A person who takes advantage of the generosity of others (abstractly imagined to absorb or soak up the money or efforts of others like a sponge).
    Synonyms: freeloader, sponger; see also Thesaurus:scrounger
  8. A person who readily absorbs ideas.
    • 2014, Phoeve Hutchison, Are You Listening? Life Is Talking to You! (page 145)
      For this reason, we need to think of our children as sponges of information and watch their sources carefully. We also need to always model appropriate behaviour, as we are a constant source of new information.
  9. (countable) A form of contraception that is inserted vaginally; a contraceptive sponge.
  10. Any sponge-like substance.
    1. (baking) Dough before it is kneaded and formed into loaves, and after it is converted into a light, spongy mass by the agency of the yeast or leaven.
    2. Iron from the puddling furnace, in a pasty condition.
    3. Iron ore, in masses, reduced but not melted or worked.
  11. A mop for cleaning the bore of a cannon after a discharge. It consists of a cylinder of wood, covered with sheepskin with the wool on, or cloth with a heavy looped nap, and having a handle, or staff.
  12. The extremity, or point, of a horseshoe, corresponding to the heel.
  13. (slang) A nuclear power plant worker routinely exposed to radiation.

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Hindi: स्पंज (spañj)
  • Japanese: スポンジ (suponji)
  • Korean: 스펀지 (seupeonji)
  • Pashto: سپنج(spanj)
  • Welsh: spynj

Translations

See also

  • foam

Verb

sponge (third-person singular simple present sponges, present participle sponging, simple past and past participle sponged)

  1. (intransitive, slang) To take advantage of the kindness of others.
  2. (transitive, intransitive with on or upon) To get by imposition; to scrounge.
    Synonym: blag
    • July 17 1735, Jonathan Swift, letter to Lord Ornery
      I am an utter stranger to the persons and places, except when half a score come to sponge on me every Sunday evening
  3. (transitive) To deprive (somebody) of something by imposition.
    • How came such multitudes of our nation [] to be sponged of their plate and their money?
  4. To clean, soak up, or dab with a sponge.
  5. To suck in, or imbibe, like a sponge.
  6. To wipe out with a sponge, as letters or writing; to efface; to destroy all trace of.
    • 1594, Richard Hooker, Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie
      Lett the eyes which have looked on Idols, sponge out their unlawfull acts
  7. (intransitive, baking) To be converted, as dough, into a light, spongy mass by the agency of yeast or leaven.
  8. (marine biology, of dolphins) To use a piece of wild sponge as a tool when foraging for food.

Translations

Further reading

  • sponge on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • pengos, pengős

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