Caliber vs Calibre what difference

what is difference between Caliber and Calibre

English

Alternative forms

  • calibre (more common form in UK etc)

Etymology

From French calibre (bore of a gun, size, capacity (literally, and figuratively), also weight), from Italian calibro.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈkæl.ɪ.bə(ɹ)/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈkæl.ɪ.bɚ/
  • Hyphenation: cal‧i‧bre

Noun

caliber (countable and uncountable, plural calibers) (British spelling, Australia, Canada, New Zealand)

  1. Diameter of the bore of a firearm, typically measured between opposite lands.
  2. The diameter of round or cylindrical body, as of a bullet, a projectile, or a column.
  3. A nominal name for a cartridge type, which may not exactly indicate its true size and may include other measurements such as cartridge length or black powder capacity. Eg 7.62×39 or 38.40.
  4. Unit of measure used to express the length of the bore of a weapon. The number of calibres is determined by dividing the length of the bore of the weapon, from the breech face of the tube to the muzzle, by the diameter of its bore. A gun tube the bore of which is 40 feet (480 inches) long and 12 inches in diameter is said to be 40 calibers long.
  5. (figuratively) Relative size, importance, magnitude.
  6. (figuratively) Capacity or compass of mind.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burke to this entry?)
  7. (dated) Degree of importance or station in society.

Related terms

  • calibrate
  • calibration
  • calipers

Translations

References

  • caliber in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • caliber in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

References

The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed., Clarendon Press, 1989.

Anagrams

  • calibre


English

Pronunciation

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈkæl.ə.bɚ/
  • Hyphenation: cal‧i‧ber

Noun

calibre (countable and uncountable, plural calibres)

  1. Alternative form of caliber

Usage notes

  • More common than caliber in UK, etc

Related terms

  • calibrate

Anagrams

  • caliber

French

Etymology

From Arabic قَالِب(qālib).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ka.libʁ/

Noun

calibre m (plural calibres)

  1. calibre

Descendants

Verb

calibre

  1. first-person singular present indicative of calibrer
  2. third-person singular present indicative of calibrer
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of calibrer
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of calibrer
  5. second-person singular imperative of calibrer

Further reading

  • “calibre” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • ciblera

Portuguese

Pronunciation

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /kɐˈlibɾɨ/
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /kaˈʎibɾi/

Noun

calibre m (plural calibres)

  1. caliber / calibre (dimension)
  2. gauge (mathematics, physics)

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kaˈlibɾe/, [kaˈli.β̞ɾe]

Etymology 1

From French calibre.

Noun

calibre m (plural calibres)

  1. calibre
  2. calipers
  3. jig, gauge (tool)
Derived terms
  • calibrar
Descendants
  • Tagalog: kalibre

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb

calibre

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of calibrar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of calibrar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of calibrar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of calibrar.

Further reading

  • “calibre” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

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