capitulation vs surrender what difference

what is difference between capitulation and surrender

English

Etymology

From Middle French capitulation.

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -eɪʃən

Noun

capitulation (countable and uncountable, plural capitulations)

  1. A reducing to heads or articles; a formal agreement.
  2. The act of capitulating or surrendering to an enemy upon stipulated terms; the act of ceasing to resist an opponent or an unwelcome demand.
  3. The instrument containing the terms of an agreement or surrender.
  4. An enumeration of the main parts of a subject.

Related terms

  • chapiter
  • chapter
  • capital
  • capitalism
  • captain
  • capitulate

Translations


French

Pronunciation

Noun

capitulation f (plural capitulations)

  1. (archaic) treaty, convention; especially a treaty regarding the rights of nationals of one party with respect to the government of the other party.
    • 1841, book title
  2. capitulation

Descendants

  • Turkish: kapitülasyon

Further reading

  • “capitulation” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).


English

Alternative forms

  • surrendre (obsolete)

Etymology

From Old French surrendre, from sur- + rendre (render). Noun use is from Anglo-Norman.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /səˈɹɛndəɹ/
  • Rhymes: -ɛndə(ɹ)

Verb

surrender (third-person singular simple present surrenders, present participle surrendering, simple past and past participle surrendered)

  1. (transitive) To give up into the power, control, or possession of another.
  2. (military, by extension, transitive) To yield (a town, a fortification, etc.) to an enemy.
  3. (intransitive or reflexive) To give oneself up into the power of another, especially as a prisoner; to submit or give in.
    I surrender!
  4. (transitive) To give up possession of; to yield; to resign.
    to surrender a right, privilege, or advantage
  5. (reflexive) To yield (oneself) to an influence, emotion, passion, etc.
    to surrender oneself to grief, to despair, to indolence, or to sleep
  6. (transitive, intransitive, blackjack) To abandon (one’s hand of cards) and recover half of the initial bet.
  7. (transitive, insurance) For a policyholder, to voluntarily terminate an insurance contract before the end of its term, usually with the expectation of receiving a surrender value.

Synonyms

  • ((transitive) give up into the power, control, or possession of another): hand over, overgive
  • ((intransitive) give oneself up into the power of another): strike one’s flag, wave the white flag

Translations

Noun

surrender (countable and uncountable, plural surrenders)

  1. An act of surrendering, submission into the possession of another; abandonment, resignation.
  2. The yielding or delivery of a possession in response to a demand.
  3. (law, property law) The yielding of the leasehold estate by the lessee to the landlord, so that the tenancy for years merges in the reversion and no longer exists.

Synonyms

  • capitulation

Translations

Anagrams

  • surrendre

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