capture vs catch what difference

what is difference between capture and catch

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Middle French capture (noun), from Latin captūra.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈkæp.t͡ʃɚ/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈkæp.t͡ʃə/
  • Rhymes: -æptʃə(ɹ)

Noun

capture (countable and uncountable, plural captures)

  1. An act of capturing; a seizing by force or stratagem.
    • even with regard to captures made at sea
  2. The securing of an object of strife or desire, as by the power of some attraction.
  3. Something that has been captured; a captive.
  4. The recording or storage of something for later playback.
  5. (computing) A particular match found for a pattern in a text string.

Translations

Verb

capture (third-person singular simple present captures, present participle capturing, simple past and past participle captured)

  1. (transitive) To take control of; to seize by force or stratagem.
  2. (transitive) To store (as in sounds or image) for later revisitation.
  3. (transitive) To reproduce convincingly.
  4. (transitive) To remove or take control of an opponent’s piece in a game (e.g., chess, go, checkers).
    • 1954, Fred Reinfeld, How to Be a Winner at Chess, page 63, Hanover House (Garden City, NY)
      How deeply ingrained capturing is in the mind of a chess master can be seen from this story.

Translations

Derived terms

  • capture the flag
  • piscicapture
  • recapture
  • regulatory capture
  • screen capture
  • uncapture

Related terms

  • captivate
  • captive
  • captivity
  • caption

See also

  • take
  • arrest
  • apprehend
  • take over
  • snapshot

Anagrams

  • cuprate, uptrace

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin captūra (catching, capture), from captus, perfect passive participle of capiō (capture, seize, take).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kap.tyʁ/

Noun

capture f (plural captures)

  1. capture
  2. a catch, a take

Derived terms

  • capture d’écran
  • capturer

Further reading

  • “capture” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • aperçut, aperçût
  • capteur
  • percuta

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /kapˈtuː.re/, [käpˈt̪uːɾɛ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /kapˈtu.re/, [kɑpˈt̪uːrɛ]

Participle

captūre

  1. vocative masculine singular of captūrus

Portuguese

Verb

capture

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of capturar
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of capturar
  3. first-person singular imperative of capturar
  4. third-person singular imperative of capturar

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kapˈtuɾe/, [kapˈt̪u.ɾe]

Verb

capture

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of capturar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of capturar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of capturar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of capturar.


English

Etymology

From Middle English cacchen, from Anglo-Norman cachier, from Late Latin captiāre, present active infinitive of captiō, from Latin captō, frequentative of capiō. Akin to Modern French chasser (from Old French chacier) and Spanish cazar, and thus a doublet of chase. Displaced Middle English fangen (“to catch”; > Modern English fang (verb)), from Old English fōn (to seize, take); Middle English lacchen (“to catch”; > Modern English latch), from Old English læċċan.

The verb became irregular, possibly under the influence of the semantically similar latch (from Old English læċċan) whose past tense was lahte, lauhte, laught (Old English læhte) until becoming regularised in Modern English.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: kăch, IPA(key): /kæt͡ʃ/
  • (US) enPR: kăch, kĕch, IPA(key): /kæt͡ʃ/, /kɛt͡ʃ/
    • Noah Webster’s American Dictionary (1828) regards /kɛtʃ/ as the “popular or common pronunciation.” It is labeled “not infreq[uent]” in Kenyon & Knott (1949).
  • Rhymes: -ætʃ, -ɛtʃ

Noun

catch (countable and uncountable, plural catches)

  1. (countable) The act of seizing or capturing.
    The catch of the perpetrator was the product of a year of police work.
  2. (countable) The act of catching an object in motion, especially a ball.
    The player made an impressive catch.
    Nice catch!
  3. (countable) The act of noticing, understanding or hearing.
    Good catch. I never would have remembered that.
    • 2008, John I. Carney, Soapstone (page 74)
      “In that case,” said Jeff, “I just thought of something else we need.” He walked over to one of the stations that was selling household goods and bought a can opener.
      “Nice catch,” said Lucy.
  4. (uncountable) The game of catching a ball.
    The kids love to play catch.
  5. (countable) Something which is captured or caught.
    The fishermen took pictures of their catch.
    The catch amounted to five tons of swordfish.
  6. (countable, colloquial, by extension) A find, in particular a boyfriend or girlfriend or prospective spouse.
    Did you see his latest catch?
    He’s a good catch.
  7. (countable) A stopping mechanism, especially a clasp which stops something from opening.
    She installed a sturdy catch to keep her cabinets closed tight.
  8. (countable) A hesitation in voice, caused by strong emotion.
    There was a catch in his voice when he spoke his father’s name.
  9. (countable, sometimes noun adjunct) A concealed difficulty, especially in a deal or negotiation.
    It sounds like a great idea, but what’s the catch?
    Be careful, that’s a catch question.
  10. (countable) A crick; a sudden muscle pain during unaccustomed positioning when the muscle is in use.
    I bent over to see under the table and got a catch in my side.
  11. (countable) A fragment of music or poetry.
  12. (obsolete) A state of readiness to capture or seize; an ambush.
    • The common and the canon law [] lie at catch, and wait advantages one against another.
  13. (countable, agriculture) A crop which has germinated and begun to grow.
  14. (obsolete) A type of strong boat, usually having two masts; a ketch.
    • 1612, John Smith, Map of Virginia, in Kupperman 1988, page 158:
      Fourteene miles Northward from the river Powhatan, is the river Pamaunke, which is navigable 60 or 70 myles, but with Catches and small Barkes 30 or 40 myles farther.
  15. (countable, music) A type of humorous round in which the voices gradually catch up with one another; usually sung by men and often having bawdy lyrics.
    • 1610, The Tempest, by Shakespeare, act 3 scene 2
      Let us be jocund: will you troll the catch / You taught me but while-ere?
  16. (countable, music) The refrain; a line or lines of a song which are repeated from verse to verse.
  17. (countable, cricket, baseball) The act of catching a hit ball before it reaches the ground, resulting in an out.
  18. (countable, cricket) A player in respect of his catching ability; particularly one who catches well.
  19. (countable, rowing) The first contact of an oar with the water.
  20. (countable, phonetics) A stoppage of breath, resembling a slight cough.
  21. Passing opportunities seized; snatches.
    • , Introduction
      the way it has been writ in, by catches, and many long intervals of interruption
  22. A slight remembrance; a trace.
    • 1665, Joseph Glanvill, Scepsis Scientifica
      We retain a catch of those pretty stories.

Synonyms

  • (act of capturing): seizure, capture, collar, snatch
  • (the act of catching a ball): grasp, snatch
  • (act of noticing): observation
  • (a find): prize, find; conquest, beau
  • (quantity captured): haul, take
  • (stopping mechanism): stop, chock; clasp, hasp, latch
  • (hidden difficulty): snag, problem; trick, gimmick, hitch
  • (fragment of music): snatch, fragment; snippet, bit
  • (refrain): chorus, refrain, burden

Derived terms

See combined section below.

Translations

Verb

catch (third-person singular simple present catches, present participle catching, simple past and past participle caught)

  1. (heading) To capture, overtake.
    1. (transitive) To capture or snare (someone or something which would rather escape). [from 13thc.]
    2. (transitive) To entrap or trip up a person; to deceive. [from 14thc.]
      • 1611, Authorized King James Version, Mark 12:13:
        And they send unto him certain of the Pharisees and of the Herodians, to catch him in his words.
    3. (transitive, figuratively, dated) To marry or enter into a similar relationship with.
      • 1933, Sinclair Lewis, Ann Vickers, p.108:
        The public [] said that Miss Bogardus was a suffragist because she had never caught a man; that she wanted something, but it wasn’t the vote.
      • 2006, Michael Collier and Georgia Machemer, Medea, p.23:
        As for Aspasia, concubinage with Pericles brought her as much honor as she could hope to claim in Athens. [] from the moment she caught her man, this influential, unconventional woman became a lightning rod [].
    4. (transitive) To reach (someone) with a strike, blow, weapon etc. [from 16thc.]
    5. (transitive) To overtake or catch up to; to be in time for. [from 17thc.]
      • 2011 Allen Gregory, “Pilot” (season 1, episode 1):
        Allen Gregory DeLongpre: Did anyone catch the Charlie Rose the evening before last. Did you catch it? No, nothing?
    6. (transitive) To unpleasantly discover unexpectedly; to unpleasantly surprise (someone doing something). [from 17thc.]
    7. (transitive) To travel by means of. [from 19thc.]
      • 1987, A.J. Quinnell, In the Name of the Father, p.111:
        After about a kilometer I caught a taxi to Santa Croce.
    8. (transitive, rare) To become pregnant. (Only in past tense or as participle.) [from 19thc.]
      • 2002, Orpha Caton, Shadow on the Creek, pp.102-103:
        Had Nancy got caught with a child? If so she would destroy her parent’s dreams for her.
  2. (heading) To seize hold of.
    1. (transitive, dated) To grab, seize, take hold of. [from 13thc.]
    2. (transitive) To take or replenish something necessary, such as breath or sleep. [from 14thc.]
    3. (transitive) To grip or entangle. [from 17thc.]
    4. (intransitive) To be held back or impeded.
    5. (intransitive) To engage with some mechanism; to stick, to succeed in interacting with something or initiating some process.
    6. (transitive) To have something be held back or impeded.
    7. (intransitive) To make a grasping or snatching motion (at). [from 17thc.]
    8. (transitive) Of fire, to spread or be conveyed to. [from 18thc.]
    9. (transitive, rowing) To grip (the water) with one’s oars at the beginning of the stroke. [from 19thc.]
      • 1906, Arthur W. Stevens, Practical Rowing with Scull and Sweep, p.63:
        Stop gathering, in that gradual fashion, and catch the water sharply and decisively.
    10. (intransitive, agriculture) To germinate and set down roots. [from 19thc.]
    11. (transitive, surfing) To contact a wave in such a way that one can ride it back to shore.
      • 2001, John Lull, Sea Kayaking Safety & Rescue, p.203:
        If you are surfing a wave through the rocks, make sure you have a clear route before catching the wave.
    12. (transitive, computing) To handle an exception. [from 20thc.]
  3. (heading) To intercept.
    1. (transitive) To seize or intercept an object moving through the air (or, sometimes, some other medium). [from 16thc.]
    2. (transitive, now rare) To seize (an opportunity) when it occurs. [from 16thc.]
      • 1811, Jane Austen, Sense and Sensibility, Chapter 18:
        she internally resolved henceforward to catch every opportunity of eyeing the hair and of satisfying herself, [].
    3. (transitive, cricket) To end a player’s innings by catching a hit ball before the first bounce. [from 18thc.]
    4. (transitive, intransitive, baseball) To play (a specific period of time) as the catcher. [from 19thc.]
  4. (heading) To receive (by being in the way).
    1. (transitive) To be the victim of (something unpleasant, painful etc.). [from 13thc.]
    2. (transitive) To be touched or affected by (something) through exposure. [from 13thc.]
    3. (transitive) To be infected by (an illness). [from 16thc.]
    4. (intransitive) To spread by infection or similar means.
      • Does the sedition catch from man to man?
      • 1817, Mary Martha Sherwood, Stories Explanatory of the Church Catechism
        He accosted Mrs. Browne very civilly, told her his wife was very ill, and said he was sadly troubled to get a white woman to nurse her: “For,” said he, “Mrs. Simpson has set it abroad that her fever is catching.”
    5. (transitive, intransitive) To receive or be affected by (wind, water, fire etc.). [from 18thc.]
      • 2003, Jerry Dennis, The Living Great Lakes, p.63:
        the sails caught and filled, and the boat jumped to life beneath us.
    6. (transitive) To acquire, as though by infection; to take on through sympathy or infection. [from 16thc.]
    7. (transitive) To be hit by something.
    8. (intransitive) To serve well or poorly for catching, especially for catching fish.
    9. (intransitive) To get pregnant.
  5. (heading) To take in with one’s senses or intellect.
    1. (transitive) To grasp mentally: perceive and understand. [from 16thc.]
      • “A tight little craft,” was Austin’s invariable comment on the matron; []. ¶ Near her wandered her husband, orientally bland, invariably affable, and from time to time squinting sideways, as usual, in the ever-renewed expectation that he might catch a glimpse of his stiff, retroussé moustache.
    2. (transitive, informal) To take in; to watch or listen to (an entertainment). [from 20thc.]
    3. (transitive) To reproduce or echo a spirit or idea faithfully. [from 17thc.]
  6. (heading) To seize attention, interest.
    1. (transitive) To charm or entrance. [from 14thc.]
      • 2004, Catherine Asaro, The Moon’s Shadow, p.40
        No, a far more natural beauty caught him.
    2. (transitive) To attract and hold (a faculty or organ of sense). [from 17thc.]
  7. (heading) To obtain or experience
Conjugation

Usage notes

  • The older past and passive participle catched is now nonstandard.

Synonyms

  • (seize in motion): fang, snatch, grab
  • (capture prey): capture, take; snare, hook
  • (be hit): take, get

Antonyms

  • drop, release

Translations

Derived terms

References


French

Etymology

Borrowed from English catch.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /katʃ/

Noun

catch m (uncountable)

  1. wrestling; professional wrestling

Derived terms

  • catcheur

Further reading

  • “catch” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

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