cark vs trouble what difference

what is difference between cark and trouble

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɑː(ɹ)k/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)k

Etymology 1

From Middle English carken, also charken (to be anxious, worry; to load (sth.); to bear (crops)), from Anglo-Norman charger (to load; to burden; to harass, worry; to calculate, estimate (quantities); to charge, call to account; to charge, command; to instruct; to entrust, to allege, plead; to attach importance to) (also chargere, chargier, chargir; charcher, charchier; carger, cargier, cargir; carker, carkere; karker; jarger). Compare Old French chargier (to load).

Verb

cark (third-person singular simple present carks, present participle carking, simple past and past participle carked)

  1. (obsolete, intransitive) To be filled with worry, solicitude, or troubles.
  2. (obsolete, transitive, intransitive) To bring worry, vexation, or anxiety.
    • 1831, Adam Clarke, Commentary on the Bible, Comment on 2 Timothy 2: 22:
      Carnal pleasures are the sins of youth: ambition and the love of power, the sins of middle age: covetousness and carking cares, the crimes of old age.
    • 1902, William James, The Varieties of Religious Experience, Lecture 3:
      [W]e shall see how in morbid melancholy this sense of the unreality of things may become a carking pain, and even lead to suicide.
    • Thanks to that penny he had just spent so recklessly [on a newspaper] he would pass a happy hour, taken, for once, out of his anxious, despondent, miserable self. It irritated him shrewdly to know that these moments of respite from carking care would not be shared with his poor wife, with careworn, troubled Ellen.
  3. (intransitive) To labor anxiously.
    • 1849, Charles Kingsley,”Alton Locke’s Song”:
      Why for sluggards cark and moil?

Noun

cark (plural carks)

  1. (obsolete) A noxious or corroding worry.
    • 1832, William Motherwell, They Come! The Merry Summer Months
      Fling cark and care aside.
    • 1887, R. D. Blackmore, Springhaven
      Freedom from the cares of money and the cark of fashion.
  2. (obsolete) The state of being filled with worry.
Descendants
  • Welsh: carc

Etymology 2

From caulk.

Verb

cark (third-person singular simple present carks, present participle carking, simple past and past participle carked)

  1. Pronunciation spelling of caulk.

Etymology 3

Verb

cark

  1. See cark it.

References

  • cark in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Anagrams

  • RACK, rack

Scots

Etymology

From Middle English carken. See cark above.

Pronunciation

  • (Southern Scots) IPA(key): /ˈkɑrk/

Noun

cark (plural carks)

  1. (archaic) worry, anxiety

Verb

cark (third-person singular present carks, present participle carkin, past carkt, past participle carkt)

  1. (archaic) To worry or be anxious.


English

Etymology

Verb is from Middle English troublen, trublen, turblen, troblen, borrowed from Old French troubler, trobler, trubler, metathetic variants of tourbler, torbler, turbler, from Vulgar Latin *turbulō, from Latin turbula (disorderly group, a little crowd or people), diminutive of turba (stir; crowd). The noun is from Middle English truble, troble, from Old French troble, from the verb.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: trŭbʹəl; IPA(key): /ˈtɹʌb(ə)l/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈtɹʌb(ə)l/, /ˈtɹə-/
  • Rhymes: -ʌbəl
  • Hyphenation: trou‧ble

Noun

trouble (countable and uncountable, plural troubles)

  1. A distressing or dangerous situation.
  2. A difficulty, problem, condition, or action contributing to such a situation.
  3. A violent occurrence or event.
  4. Efforts taken or expended, typically beyond the normal required.
    • 1850, William Cullen Bryant, Letters of a Traveller
      She never took the trouble to close them.
    • 1881, Robert Louis Stevenson, Virginibus Puerisque:
      Indeed, by the report of our elders, this nervous preparation for old age is only trouble thrown away.
  5. A malfunction.
  6. Liability to punishment; conflict with authority.
  7. (mining) A fault or interruption in a stratum.
  8. (Cockney rhyming slang) Wife. Clipping of trouble and strife.

Usage notes

  • Verbs often used with “trouble”: make, spell, stir up, ask for, etc.

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:difficult situation

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Jersey Dutch: tröbel

Translations

See also

  • Appendix:Collocations of do, have, make, and take for uses and meaning of trouble collocated with these words.

Verb

trouble (third-person singular simple present troubles, present participle troubling, simple past and past participle troubled)

  1. (transitive, now rare) To disturb, stir up, agitate (a medium, especially water).
  2. (transitive) To mentally distress; to cause (someone) to be anxious or perplexed.
    What she said about narcissism is troubling me.
  3. (transitive) In weaker sense: to bother or inconvenience.
    I will not trouble you to deliver the letter.
  4. (reflexive or intransitive) To take pains to do something.
    I won’t trouble to post the letter today; I can do it tomorrow.
  5. (intransitive) To worry; to be anxious.
    • 1946, Bertrand Russell, History of Western Philosophy, I.26:
      Why trouble about the future? It is wholly uncertain.

Related terms

  • turbid
  • turbulent

Descendants

  • Jersey Dutch: tröble

Translations

Further reading

  • trouble in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • trouble in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • -buterol, Boulter, boulter

French

Etymology 1

Deverbal of troubler or from Old French troble.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tʁubl/

Noun

trouble m (plural troubles)

  1. trouble
  2. (medicine) disorder

Derived terms

  • fauteur de troubles
  • trouble bipolaire
  • trouble de l’humeur
  • trouble de la personnalité
  • trouble du sommeil
  • trouble obsessionnel compulsif

Verb

trouble

  1. first-person singular present indicative of troubler
  2. third-person singular present indicative of troubler
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of troubler
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of troubler
  5. second-person singular imperative of troubler

Etymology 2

From Old French troble, probably from a Vulgar Latin *turbulus (with metathesis), itself perhaps an alteration of Latin turbidus with influence from turbulentus; cf. also turbula. Compare Catalan tèrbol, Romanian tulbure.

Adjective

trouble (plural troubles)

  1. (of a liquid) murky, turbid, muddy, thick, clouded, cloudy; not clear

Derived terms

  • pêcher en eau trouble

Further reading

  • “trouble” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

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