cent vs penny what difference

what is difference between cent and penny

English

Alternative forms

  • (abbreviations): cent.

Etymology

From Middle English cent, from Old French cent, from Latin centum, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɛnt
  • enPR: sĕnt, IPA(key): /sɛnt/
  • Homophones: scent, sent

Noun

cent (plural cents or cent)

  1. (money) A subunit of currency equal to one-hundredth of the main unit of currency in many countries. Symbol: ¢.
  2. (informal) A small sum of money.
  3. (money) A subunit of currency equal to one-hundredth of the euro.
  4. (money) A coin having face value of one cent (in either of the above senses).
  5. (music) A hundredth of a semitone or half step.
  6. Abbreviation of century.
  7. (obsolete, except in per cent) Abbreviation of centum. One hundred.
    • c. 1450, Octouian Imperator (Octavian), lines 1463-4:
      And broght with hem many stout cent / Of green lordynges.
    • 1733, Alexander Pope, Moral Essays, Epistle III to Allen, Lord Bathurst, 372:
      The demon makes his full descent / In one abundant shower of cent per cent.
  8. Abbreviation of centigrade.
  9. Abbreviation of center.

Usage notes

  • Due to the differing plural formats used in European languages, it is common to use the word cent as a plural throughout the Eurozone.

Synonyms

  • (of a dollar): dollarcent
  • (of a euro): eurocent
  • (coin (Canada, US)): penny

Related terms

Descendants

Translations

See also

  • dollar
  • euro
  • per cent
  • two cents

References

  • cent in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • cent at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • NCTE, tecn-

Catalan

Etymology 1

From Latin centum, from Proto-Italic *kentom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation

  • (standard)
  • (before the words “anys”, “homes”, “hores”) IPA(key): /ˈsent/
  • (any other position) IPA(key): /ˈsen/
  • (Valencian) and (Balearic) IPA(key): /ˈsent/
  • Homophone: sent
  • Rhymes: -ent

Numeral

cent m or f

  1. hundred
Usage notes
  • Catalan cardinal numbers may be used as masculine or feminine adjectives, except un/una (1), dos/dues (2), cents/centes (100s) and its compounds. When used as nouns, Catalan cardinal numbers are treated as masculine singular nouns in most contexts, but in expressions involving time such as la una i trenta (1:30) or les dues (two o’clock), they are feminine because the feminine noun hora has been elided.
Derived terms
  • cent per cent
  • per cent

Noun

cent m (plural cents)

  1. hundred

See also

  • dos-cents m (two hundred), dues-centes f (two hundred)
    • Old Catalan: doents (two hundred)
  • tres-cents (three hundred)
  • quatre-cents (four hundred)
  • cinc-cents (five hundred)
  • sis-cents (six hundred)
  • set-cents (seven hundred)
  • vuit-cents (eight hundred)
  • nou-cents (nine hundred)

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English cent. These senses of the word cent in Catalan derive from the inversion of meaning that took place in English where it was used to indicate one hundredth.

Noun

cent m (plural cents)

  1. (music) cent (a hundredth of a half step)
  2. (money) cent (A subunit of currency equal to one-hundredth of the euro.)
Related terms
  • cèntim (A subunit of currency equal to one-hundredth of the base unit.)

Further reading

  • “cent” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “cent” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “cent” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “cent” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Dutch

Etymology

Either a borrowing from English cent or a shortened borrowed from French centime.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sɛnt/
  • Hyphenation: cent
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt

Noun

cent f (plural centen, diminutive centje n)

  1. (money) cent, a subunit of currency equal to one-hundredth of the main unit of the Dutch guilder
  2. (money) cent, a subunit of currency equal to one-hundredth of the euro

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Afrikaans: sent
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: sent
  • Indonesian: sen
  • Papiamentu: sèn, cens

References


Esperanto

Etymology

From Latin centum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /t͡sent/
  • Hyphenation: cent
  • Audio:

Number

cent

  1. hundred

Derived terms


French

Etymology 1

From Middle French cent, from Old French cent, from Latin centum, from Proto-Italic *kentom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɑ̃
Number
  • IPA(key): /sɑ̃/, (liaison) /sɑ̃t‿/
  • Homophones: cents, sang, sangs, sans, sens, sent

Numeral

cent

  1. hundred

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Garifuna: san
  • Haitian Creole: san

Related terms

  • centi-

See also

  • deux cents (two hundred)
  • trois cents (three hundred)
  • quatre cents (four hundred)
  • cinq cents (five hundred)
  • six cents (six hundred)
  • sept cents (seven hundred)
  • huit cents (eight hundred)
  • neuf cents (nine hundred)

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English cent, itself from Old French.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sɛnt/, /sɛn/
  • Homophone: cents

Noun

cent m (plural cents)

  1. (money) cent (one-hundredth of a dollar or of a euro)

Synonyms

  • (euro): centime
  • (dollar): cenne (colloquial, Canada), sou (slang, North America)

See also

  • franc
  • dollar

Further reading

  • “cent” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Friulian

Etymology

From Latin centum, from Proto-Italic *kentom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Numeral

cent

  1. hundred

Hungarian

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈt͡sɛnt]
  • Hyphenation: cent
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt

Noun

cent (plural centek)

  1. (money) cent (a subunit of currency)
  2. (informal) centilitre
    Synonym: centiliter

Declension

Derived terms

Further reading

  • cent in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2021)

Ido

Etymology 1

Back-formation from cento.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /t͡sɛnt/

Numeral

cent

  1. hundred (100)

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English centFrench centGerman CentItalian centRussian цент (cent)Spanish centavo.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sent/, /t͡sent/

Noun

cent (plural cents or cent-i)

  1. (numismatics) cent

Italian

Etymology

Borrowed from English cent.

Noun

cent m (invariable)

  1. cent (US coin)
  2. euro cent (European coin)

Lombard

Etymology

From cento.

Numeral

cent

  1. hundred

Occitan

Etymology

From Latin centum, from Proto-Italic *kentom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation

Numeral

cent

  1. hundred

Derived terms

  • centen

Further reading

  • Joan de Cantalausa (2006) Diccionari general occitan a partir dels parlars lengadocians, 2 edition, →ISBN, page 242.

Old French

Alternative forms

  • çant
  • ceint
  • chent

Etymology

From Latin centum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [t͡sẽnt], (late) [t͡sãnt]

Numeral

cent m (oblique plural cenz or centz, nominative singular cenz or centz, nominative plural cent)

  1. one hundred

Descendants

  • Middle French: cent
    • French: cent
      • Garifuna: san
      • Haitian Creole: san
  • Walloon: cint
  • Dutch: cent
    • Afrikaans: sent
    • Berbice Creole Dutch: sent
    • Indonesian: sen
    • Papiamentu: sèn, cens
  • English: cent (see there for further descendants)

Polish

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin centum or English cent.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /t͡sɛnt/

Noun

cent m anim

  1. cent

Declension

Further reading

  • cent in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • cent in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

Borrowed from English cent.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /t͡sênt/

Noun

cȅnt m (Cyrillic spelling це̏нт)

  1. cent (hundredth of a dollar, euro, etc.)
  2. (music) cent (hundredth of a semitone)

Declension


Swedish

Etymology

Borrowed from English cent.

Noun

cent c

  1. cent; a subunit of currency

Declension

References

  • Hur ska vi hantera euro?, Forskningscentralen för de inhemska språken, February 8, 2007
  • Euro, Språkrådet, Veckans språkråd 2002


English

Etymology

From Middle English penny, peny, from Old English peniġ, penniġ, penning (penny), from Proto-West Germanic *panning, from Proto-Germanic *panningaz, of uncertain origin (see that page for theories). Doublet of pfennig.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɛ.ni/
  • Rhymes: -ɛni
  • (in compounds like “twopenny”, dated) IPA(key): /pəni/

Noun

penny (plural pennies or pence or (obsolete) pens)

  1. (historical) In the United Kingdom and Ireland, a copper coin worth 1240 of a pound sterling or Irish pound before decimalisation. Abbreviation: d.
    • Thanks to that penny he had just spent so recklessly [on a newspaper] he would pass a happy hour, taken, for once, out of his anxious, despondent, miserable self. It irritated him shrewdly to know that these moments of respite from carking care would not be shared with his poor wife, with careworn, troubled Ellen.
  2. In the United Kingdom, a copper coin worth 1100 of a pound sterling. Abbreviation: p.
  3. (historical) In Ireland, a coin worth 1100 of an Irish pound before the introduction of the euro. Abbreviation: p.
  4. In the US and Canada, a one-cent coin, worth 1100 of a dollar. Abbreviation: ¢.
  5. In various countries, a small-denomination copper or brass coin.
  6. A unit of nail size, said to be either the cost per 100 nails, or the number of nails per penny. Abbreviation: d.
  7. Money in general.

Usage notes

The plural pence is only used as a unit of currency. The plural pennies is used for other cases, in particular when referring to multiple individual coins.

Compounds (twopence, threepence, fourpence and so on up to tenpence, but not eleven pence or any higher) should be read with the stress on the first syllable and a reduced /ə/ in pence. Thus /ˈtʌpəns/, /ˈθɹʌpəns/, /ˈfɔːpəns/ and so on.

Synonyms

  • (1240 of a pound sterling): old penny
  • (1100 of a pound sterling): new penny (old-fashioned)
  • (one-cent coin): cent

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

penny (third-person singular simple present pennies, present participle pennying, simple past and past participle pennied)

  1. (slang) To jam a door shut by inserting pennies between the doorframe and the door.
    Zach and Ben had only been at college for a week when their door was pennied by the girls down the hall.
  2. (electronics) To circumvent the tripping of an electrical circuit breaker by the dangerous practice of inserting a coin in place of a fuse in a fuse socket.

See also

  • d
  • cent
  • the penny drops

Anagrams

  • Pynne

French

Etymology

Borrowed from English penny.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɛ.ni/

Noun

penny m (plural pennys)

  1. penny

Further reading

  • “penny” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

English penny, from Middle English peny, from Old English penning, penniġ, from Proto-Germanic *panningaz. Doublet of penge, penning, and pfennig.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɛn.nɪ/

Noun

penny m (definite singular pennyen, indefinite plural pence or pennyer, definite plural pencene or pennyene)

  1. a penny

References

  • “penny” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • “penny” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

English penny, from Middle English peny, from Old English penning, penniġ, from Proto-Germanic *panningaz. Doublet of penge, penning, and pfennig.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɛn.nɪ/ (example of pronunciation)

Noun

penny m (definite singular pennyen, indefinite plural pence or pennyar, definite plural pencane or pennyane)

  1. a penny

References

  • “penny” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Portuguese

Noun

penny m (plural pennies)

  1. Alternative spelling of péni

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