centime vs penny what difference

what is difference between centime and penny

English

Etymology

Borrowed from French centime. Doublet of centimo.

Noun

centime (plural centimes)

  1. (historical) A former subunit of currency equal to one-hundredth of the franc.
  2. A coin having face value of one centime.

Derived terms

  • Algerian centime
  • Haitian centime

Translations

Anagrams

  • Ctimene, Nemetic, nemetic

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from French centime.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˌsɛnˈti.mə/
  • Hyphenation: cen‧ti‧me

Noun

centime m (plural centimes)

  1. Alternative form of centiem.

French

Etymology

From cent + -ime, on the model of décime.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sɑ̃.tim/

Noun

centime m (plural centimes)

  1. centime (hundredth of a franc, coin)
  2. cent (one-hundredth of a euro), eurocent

Descendants

  • Amharic: ሳንቲም (santim)
    • English: santim
  • Catalan: cèntim
  • Dutch: centiem
  • English: centime
  • Spanish: céntimo

Further reading

  • “centime” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Swedish

Etymology

Borrowed from French centime.

Noun

centime c

  1. centime

Declension


English

Etymology

From Middle English penny, peny, from Old English peniġ, penniġ, penning (penny), from Proto-West Germanic *panning, from Proto-Germanic *panningaz, of uncertain origin (see that page for theories). Doublet of pfennig.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɛ.ni/
  • Rhymes: -ɛni
  • (in compounds like “twopenny”, dated) IPA(key): /pəni/

Noun

penny (plural pennies or pence or (obsolete) pens)

  1. (historical) In the United Kingdom and Ireland, a copper coin worth 1240 of a pound sterling or Irish pound before decimalisation. Abbreviation: d.
    • Thanks to that penny he had just spent so recklessly [on a newspaper] he would pass a happy hour, taken, for once, out of his anxious, despondent, miserable self. It irritated him shrewdly to know that these moments of respite from carking care would not be shared with his poor wife, with careworn, troubled Ellen.
  2. In the United Kingdom, a copper coin worth 1100 of a pound sterling. Abbreviation: p.
  3. (historical) In Ireland, a coin worth 1100 of an Irish pound before the introduction of the euro. Abbreviation: p.
  4. In the US and Canada, a one-cent coin, worth 1100 of a dollar. Abbreviation: ¢.
  5. In various countries, a small-denomination copper or brass coin.
  6. A unit of nail size, said to be either the cost per 100 nails, or the number of nails per penny. Abbreviation: d.
  7. Money in general.

Usage notes

The plural pence is only used as a unit of currency. The plural pennies is used for other cases, in particular when referring to multiple individual coins.

Compounds (twopence, threepence, fourpence and so on up to tenpence, but not eleven pence or any higher) should be read with the stress on the first syllable and a reduced /ə/ in pence. Thus /ˈtʌpəns/, /ˈθɹʌpəns/, /ˈfɔːpəns/ and so on.

Synonyms

  • (1240 of a pound sterling): old penny
  • (1100 of a pound sterling): new penny (old-fashioned)
  • (one-cent coin): cent

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

penny (third-person singular simple present pennies, present participle pennying, simple past and past participle pennied)

  1. (slang) To jam a door shut by inserting pennies between the doorframe and the door.
    Zach and Ben had only been at college for a week when their door was pennied by the girls down the hall.
  2. (electronics) To circumvent the tripping of an electrical circuit breaker by the dangerous practice of inserting a coin in place of a fuse in a fuse socket.

See also

  • d
  • cent
  • the penny drops

Anagrams

  • Pynne

French

Etymology

Borrowed from English penny.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɛ.ni/

Noun

penny m (plural pennys)

  1. penny

Further reading

  • “penny” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

English penny, from Middle English peny, from Old English penning, penniġ, from Proto-Germanic *panningaz. Doublet of penge, penning, and pfennig.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɛn.nɪ/

Noun

penny m (definite singular pennyen, indefinite plural pence or pennyer, definite plural pencene or pennyene)

  1. a penny

References

  • “penny” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • “penny” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

English penny, from Middle English peny, from Old English penning, penniġ, from Proto-Germanic *panningaz. Doublet of penge, penning, and pfennig.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɛn.nɪ/ (example of pronunciation)

Noun

penny m (definite singular pennyen, indefinite plural pence or pennyar, definite plural pencane or pennyane)

  1. a penny

References

  • “penny” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Portuguese

Noun

penny m (plural pennies)

  1. Alternative spelling of péni

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