chasten vs moderate what difference

what is difference between chasten and moderate

English

Etymology

From Middle English chastien, from Old French chastier (punish), from Latin castīgō. Doublet of chastise and castigate and related to chaste.

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈtʃeɪ.sən/

Verb

chasten (third-person singular simple present chastens, present participle chastening, simple past and past participle chastened)

  1. To make chaste.
    Synonym: purify
  2. (archaic) To chastize; to punish or reprimand for the sake of improvement.
    Synonym: discipline
  3. To render humble or restrained.
    Synonyms: restrain, moderate

Translations

Anagrams

  • natches

Middle English

Noun

chasten

  1. Alternative form of chesteyne (chestnut)


English

Etymology

From Middle English moderat, from Latin moderātus, perfect active participle of moderor (regulate, restrain, moderate), from moder-, modes-, a stem appearing also in modestus (moderate, discreet, modest), from modus (measure); see mode and modest.

Pronunciation

  • Adjective, noun:
    • (UK): IPA(key): /ˈmɒdəɹət/
    • (US): enPR: mäd’ər-ət, IPA(key): /ˈmɑdəɹət/
  • Verb:
    • (UK): IPA(key): /ˈmɒdəɹeɪt/
    • (US): enPR: mäd’ə-rāt, IPA(key): /ˈmɑdəɹeɪt/

Adjective

moderate (comparative more moderate, superlative most moderate)

  1. Not excessive; acting in moderation
    moderate language
    a moderate Calvinist
    travelling at a moderate speed
    • 1731, Jonathan Swift, The Presbyterians Plea of Merit
      A number of moderate members managed [] to obtain a majority in a thin house.
  2. Mediocre
  3. Average priced; standard-deal
  4. Not violent or rigorous; temperate; mild; gentle.
    a moderate winter
    • 1859, Arthur Hugh Clough, Life of Sertorius
      These are called the Islands of the Blest; rains fall there seldom, and in moderate showers, but for the most part they have gentle breezes, bringing along with them soft dews
  5. (US, politics) Having an intermediate position between liberal and conservative.

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:moderate
  • See also Thesaurus:intermediate

Derived terms

  • moderately
  • moderateness

Translations

Noun

moderate (plural moderates)

  1. One who holds an intermediate position between extremes, as in politics.
    While the moderates usually propose political compromise, it’s often only achieved when the extremists allow them so
    The moderates are the natural advocates of ecumenism against the fanatics of their churches.
  2. (Christianity, historical) One of a party in Scottish Church history dominant in the 18th century, lax in doctrine and discipline, but intolerant of evangelicalism and popular rights. It caused the secessions of 1733 and 1761, and its final resultant was the Disruption of 1843.

Translations

Verb

moderate (third-person singular simple present moderates, present participle moderating, simple past and past participle moderated)

  1. (transitive) To reduce the excessiveness of (something)
    to moderate rage, action, desires, etc.
    • 1730, John Arbuthnot, An Essay Concerning the Nature of Aliments
      By its astringent Quality, it moderates the relaxing quality of warm Water.
    • 2000, Paul G. Coleman, Positron Beams and Their Applications (page 309)
      This leaves two strategies to increase the current in a positron beam. First is to provide a stronger positron source and second is to develop a more efficient method to moderate the source positrons into a monoenergetic beam.
      To moderate stiff minds disposed to strive.
  2. (intransitive) To become less excessive
  3. (transitive) To preside over (something) as a moderator
    to moderate a synod
  4. (intransitive) To act as a moderator; to assist in bringing to compromise
  5. (transitive, physics) To supply with a moderator (substance that decreases the speed of neutrons in a nuclear reactor and hence increases likelihood of fission).
    a graphite-moderated reactor

Synonyms

  • (reduce excesses): temperate
  • (preside): arbitrate, chair

Derived terms

  • moderation
  • moderating

Related terms

  • modal
  • modality
  • mode
  • model
  • moderator
  • module

Translations

References

  • moderate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • moderate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

German

Pronunciation

Adjective

moderate

  1. inflection of moderat:
    1. strong/mixed nominative/accusative feminine singular
    2. strong nominative/accusative plural
    3. weak nominative all-gender singular
    4. weak accusative feminine/neuter singular

Italian

Verb

moderate

  1. inflection of moderare:
    1. second-person plural present indicative
    2. second-person plural imperative
  2. feminine plural of moderato

Anagrams

  • dateremo

Latin

Verb

moderāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of moderō

References

  • moderate in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • moderate in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers

Norwegian Bokmål

Adjective

moderate

  1. definite singular of moderat
  2. plural of moderat

Norwegian Nynorsk

Adjective

moderate

  1. definite singular of moderat
  2. plural of moderat

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