chilblain vs pernio what difference

what is difference between chilblain and pernio


Alternative forms

  • chillblain


From chill +‎ blain, literally cold sore.


  • IPA(key): /tʃɪlbleɪn/


chilblain (plural chilblains)

  1. An itchy purple red inflammation of the skin, especially of the hands, feet and ears, occurring when capillaries below the skin are damaged by exposure to cold weather.
    Synonyms: erythema pernio, pernio
    • 1847, Charlotte Brontë, Jane Eyre, 1st edition, chapter VII, page 105
      Our clothing was insufficient to protect us from the severe cold: we had no boots, the snow got into our shoes and melted there; our ungloved hands became numbed and covered with chilblains, as were our feet []
      Mrs. Goddard’s school was in high repute—and very deservedly; for Highbury was reckoned a particularly healthy spot: she had an ample house and garden, gave the children plenty of wholesome food, let them run about a great deal in the summer, and in winter dressed their chilblains with her own hands. Jane Austen, Emma, Vol. I, Ch. 3 (1815).

Derived terms

  • chilblained


Further reading

  • chilblain on Wikipedia.Wikipedia



Latin pernio.


  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈpɝnioʊ/, enPR: pûrnʹiō
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈpɜːniəʊ/


pernio (plural perniones or pernios)

  1. (countable, uncountable) Synonym of chilblain


  • chilblain
  • perniosis

Usage notes

Of the major English dictionaries that enter pernio at all, most enter only perniones for the plural form. As with other words naturalized into English from ancient Latin or New Latin, the Latin plural inflection and the English plural inflection have both been used, and there is no general rule for which one is considered preferable, as preference varies by word, dictionary, academic field, and commentator (e.g., fibulae versus fibulas, formulae versus formulas, femora versus femurs).


  • Perino, Pinero, norepi, opiner, orpine, pioner, porine, pornie, rip one, rope in



From perna (gammon).


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈː/, [ˈpɛɾnioː]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈ, [ˈpɛrniɔ]


perniō m (genitive perniōnis); third declension

  1. A kibe on the foot, a chilblain


Third-declension noun.


  • Catalan: penelló


  • pernio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pernio in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • pernio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

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