chock vs wedge what difference

what is difference between chock and wedge

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /tʃɒk/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /tʃɑk/
    • Homophone: chalk (cot-caught merger)
  • Rhymes: -ɒk

Etymology 1

From Anglo-Norman choque (compare modern Norman chouque), from Gaulish *’śokka (compare Breton soc’h (thick), Old Irish tócht (part, piece)), itself borrowed from Proto-Germanic *stukkaz. Doublet of stock.

Noun

chock (plural chocks)

  1. Any object used as a wedge or filler, especially when placed behind a wheel to prevent it from rolling.
  2. (nautical) Any fitting or fixture used to restrict movement, especially movement of a line; traditionally was a fixture near a bulwark with two horns pointing towards each other, with a gap between where the line can be inserted.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

chock (third-person singular simple present chocks, present participle chocking, simple past and past participle chocked)

  1. (transitive) To stop or fasten, as with a wedge, or block; to scotch.
  2. (intransitive, obsolete) To fill up, as a cavity.
  3. (nautical) To insert a line in a chock.
Derived terms
  • unchock
Translations
Derived terms

(Note: chock full is not derived from this word. In fact, it is an alteration of the earlier choke-full, which most likely derives from a variant of the word cheek.)

Adverb

chock (not comparable)

  1. (nautical) Entirely; quite.

Translations

Etymology 2

French choquer. Compare shock (transitive verb).

Noun

chock (plural chocks)

  1. (obsolete) An encounter.

Verb

chock (third-person singular simple present chocks, present participle chocking, simple past and past participle chocked)

  1. (obsolete) To encounter.

Etymology 3

Onomatopoeic.

Verb

chock (third-person singular simple present chocks, present participle chocking, simple past and past participle chocked)

  1. To make a dull sound.

References

  • “chock”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016, →ISBN
  • chock at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • Partridge, Eric (2006): Origins: A Short Etymological Dictionary of Modern English

Swedish

Noun

chock c

  1. shock

Declension

Related terms



English

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /wɛdʒ/
  • Hyphenation: wedge
  • Rhymes: -ɛdʒ

Etymology 1

Middle English wegge (wedge), from Old English wecg (wedge), from Proto-Germanic *wagjaz.

Noun

wedge (plural wedges)

  1. One of the simple machines; a piece of material, such as metal or wood, thick at one edge and tapered to a thin edge at the other for insertion in a narrow crevice, used for splitting, tightening, securing, or levering.
    Stick a wedge under the door, will you? It keeps blowing shut.
  2. A piece (of food, metal, wood etc.) having this shape.
    Can you cut me a wedge of cheese?
    We ordered a box of baked potato wedges with our pizza.
  3. (geometry) A five-sided polyhedron with a rectangular base, two rectangular or trapezoidal sides meeting in an edge, and two triangular ends.
  4. (figuratively) Something that creates a division, gap or distance between things.
    • 2013 September 28, Kenan Malik, “London Is Special, but Not That Special,” New York Times (retrieved 28 September 2013):
      It is one of the ironies of capital cities that each acts as a symbol of its nation, and yet few are even remotely representative of it. London has always set itself apart from the rest of Britain — but political, economic and social trends are conspiring to drive that wedge deeper.
  5. (archaic) A flank of cavalry acting to split some portion of an opposing army, charging in an inverted V formation.
  6. (golf) A type of iron club used for short, high trajectories.
  7. A group of geese, swans or other birds when they are in flight in a V formation.
  8. One of a pair of wedge-heeled shoes.
  9. (colloquial, Britain) A quantity of money.
    I made a big fat wedge from that job.
  10. (US, regional) A sandwich made on a long, cylindrical roll.
    I ordered a chicken parm wedge from the deli.
  11. (typography, US) háček
    • 1982, Thomas Pyles and John Algeo, The Origins and Development of the English Language (3rd ed.), page 49
      The wedge is used in Czech and is illustrated by the Czech name for the diacritic, haček.
    • 1996, Geoffrey Keith Pullum and William A. Ladusaw, Phonetic Symbol Guide (2nd ed.), page xxvi
      The tilde and the circumflex have a place in the ASCII scheme but the wedge and the umlaut do not.
    • 1999, Florian Coulmas, The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Writing Systems, page 193, “háček”
      The háček or ‘wedge’ ⟨ˇ⟩ is a diacritic commonly used in Slavic orthographies. [] As a tone mark the wedge is used iconically for a falling-rising tone as in Chinese Pinyin.
  12. (phonetics) The IPA character ʌ, which denotes an open-mid back unrounded vowel.
    • 1996, Geoffrey Keith Pullum and William A. Ladusaw, Phonetic Symbol Guide (2nd ed.), page 19
      Turned V is referred to as “Wedge” by some phoneticians, but this seems inadvisable to us, because the haček accent (ˇ) is also called that in names like Wedge C for (č).
  13. (mathematics) The symbol , denoting a meet (infimum) operation or logical conjunction.
  14. (meteorology) A wedge tornado.
  15. (finance) A market trend characterized by a contracting range in prices coupled with an upward trend in prices (a rising wedge) or a downward trend in prices (a falling wedge).
Synonyms
  • (group of geese): skein
  • (phonetics: IPA character ʌ): turned v
Derived terms
  • wedge gauge, wedge gage
  • wedge gear
Translations

Verb

wedge (third-person singular simple present wedges, present participle wedging, simple past and past participle wedged)

  1. (transitive) To support or secure using a wedge.
    I wedged open the window with a screwdriver.
    • 1922, Virginia Woolf, Jacob’s Room Chapter 1
      “Did he take his bottle well?” Mrs. Flanders whispered, and Rebecca nodded and went to the cot and turned down the quilt, and Mrs. Flanders bent over and looked anxiously at the baby, asleep, but frowning. The window shook, and Rebecca stole like a cat and wedged it.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To force into a narrow gap.
    He had wedged the package between the wall and the back of the sofa.
    I wedged into the alcove and listened carefully.
  3. (transitive) To work wet clay by cutting or kneading for the purpose of homogenizing the mass and expelling air bubbles.
  4. (computing, informal, intransitive) Of a computer program or system: to get stuck in an unresponsive state.
    My Linux kernel wedged after I installed the latest update.
  5. (transitive) To cleave with a wedge.
  6. (transitive) To force or drive with a wedge.
  7. (transitive) To shape into a wedge.
Translations

Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Wedgewood, surname of the person who occupied this position on the first list of 1828.

Noun

wedge (plural wedges)

  1. (Britain, Cambridge University slang) The person whose name stands lowest on the list of the classical tripos.
Synonyms
  • wooden wedge
See also
  • wooden spoon

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