circumvolve vs rotate what difference

what is difference between circumvolve and rotate



Latin circumvolvere


circumvolve (third-person singular simple present circumvolves, present participle circumvolving, simple past and past participle circumvolved)

  1. (intransitive) To revolve or move around something.
    • 1820, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Oedipus Tyrannus; Or, Swellfoot The Tyrant: A Tragedy in Two Acts:
      The oracle is now about to be
      Fulfilled by circumvolving destiny;
      Which says: “Thebes, choose reform or civil war,
      When through your streets, instead of hare with dogs,
      A Consort Queen shall hunt a King with Hogs,
      Riding upon the IONIAN MINOTAUR.”
  2. (transitive) To roll round; to cause to revolve; to put into a circular motion.
    • 1647, Robert Herrick, “Upon Master Fletcher’s Incomparable Plays”, in Comedies and Tragedies by Beaumont & Fletcher
      [] we circumvolve our Eyes []


  • “circumvolve.” Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 19 Nov. 2009. article.




  1. second-person singular present active imperative of circumvolvō



Borrowed from Latin rotātus, perfect passive participle of rotō (revolve), from rota (wheel).


  • (UK) enPR: rōtāt’, IPA(key): /ɹəʊˈteɪt/
  • (US) enPR: rō’tāt, IPA(key): /ˈɹoʊteɪt/


rotate (third-person singular simple present rotates, present participle rotating, simple past and past participle rotated)

  1. (intransitive) To spin, turn, or revolve.
    He rotated in his chair to face me.
  2. (intransitive) To advance through a sequence; to take turns.
    The nurses’ shifts rotate each week.
  3. (intransitive, of aircraft) To lift the nose during takeoff, just prior to liftoff.
    The aircraft rotates at sixty knots.
  4. (transitive) To spin, turn, or revolve something.
    Rotate the dial to the left.
  5. (transitive) To advance something through a sequence; to allocate or deploy in turns.
    • 1975, Architectural Digest (volume 32, page 112)
      I’ve always admired the Japanese point of view that holds it best not to have a great number of objects around at one time but to rotate possessions — and display them with great simplicity.
  6. (transitive) To replace older materials or to place older materials in front of newer ones so that older ones get used first.
    The supermarket rotates the stock daily so that old foods don’t sit around.
  7. (transitive) To grow or plant (crops) in a certain order.


  • (to turn) revolve
  • (to make turn) circumvolve

Derived terms

  • rotation
  • rotatable

Related terms

  • rota



rotate (not comparable)

  1. Having the parts spreading out like a wheel; wheel-shaped.
    a rotate spicule or scale; a rotate corolla


  • terato-, totear




  1. inflection of rotare:
    1. second-person plural present indicative
    2. second-person plural imperative
  2. feminine plural of rotato


  • attero, attore, ettaro, oretta, ottare, teatro, terato-




  1. second-person plural present active imperative of rotō

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