clump vs flock what difference

what is difference between clump and flock

English

Etymology

From Middle English clompe, from Old English clymppe, a variant of clympre (a lump or mass of metal), from Proto-Germanic *klumpô (mass, lump, clump; clasp), from Proto-Indo-European *glembʰ- (lump, clamp).
Alternatively, possibly from Middle Dutch clompe or Middle Low German klumpe (compare German Klumpen). Cognates include Danish klump (probably from Low German as well). Compare Norwegian Bokmål klump.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /klʌmp/
  • Rhymes: -ʌmp

Noun

clump (plural clumps)

  1. A cluster or lump; an unshaped piece or mass.
  2. A thick group or bunch, especially of bushes or hair.
    • 1954, Lucian Hobart Ryland (translator), Adelaide of Brunswick (originally by Marquis de Sade)
      clump of trees
  3. A dull thud.
  4. The compressed clay of coal strata.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Brande & C to this entry?)
  5. A small group of trees or plants.
  6. (historical) A thick addition to the sole of a shoe.

Derived terms

  • clumpy

Translations

to be checked

Verb

clump (third-person singular simple present clumps, present participle clumping, simple past and past participle clumped)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To form clusters or lumps.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To gather in dense groups.
  3. (intransitive) To walk with heavy footfalls.
  4. (transitive, Britain, regional) To strike; to beat.
    • 1912, Mrs. Coulson Kernahan, The Go-Between (page 79)
      There is his poor little cap hanging up on the door; and there on the table is the knife he chipped a piece out of through not minding the mark on the knife machine, and I clumped his head for him, poor lamb!

Derived terms

  • clump up

Translations

References

Further reading

  • Clump in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)


English

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /flɒk/
  • (US) IPA(key): /flɑk/
  • Rhymes: -ɒk

Etymology 1

From Middle English flok, from Old English flocc (flock, company, troop), from Proto-Germanic *flukkaz, *flakka- (crowd, troop). Cognate with Middle Low German vlocke (crowd, flock), Old Norse flokkr (crowd, troop, band, flock). Perhaps related to Old English folc (crowd, troop, band). More at folk.

Noun

flock (plural flocks)

  1. A number of birds together in a group, such as those gathered together for the purpose of migration.
  2. A large number of animals associated together in a group; commonly used of various farmed animals, such as sheep and goats, but applied to a wide variety of animals.
  3. Those served by a particular pastor or shepherd.
  4. A large number of people.
    Synonym: congregation
  5. (Christianity) A religious congregation.
    Synonym: congregation
Synonyms

(large number of people):

  • bunch, gaggle, horde, host, legion, litter, nest, rabble, swarm, throng, wake
Translations

Verb

flock (third-person singular simple present flocks, present participle flocking, simple past and past participle flocked)

  1. (intransitive) To congregate in or head towards a place in large numbers.
    People flocked to the cinema to see the new film.
    • What place the gods for our repose assigned.
      Friends daily flock; and scarce the kindly spring
      Began to clothe the ground
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To flock to; to crowd.
    • 1609, Taylor
      Good fellows, trooping, flocked me so.
  3. To treat a pool with chemicals to remove suspended particles.
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English flok (tuft of wool), from Old French floc (tuft of wool), from Late Latin floccus (tuft of wool), probably from Frankish *flokko (down, wool, flock), from Proto-Germanic *flukkōn-, *flukkan-, *fluksōn- (down, flock), from Proto-Indo-European *plewk- (hair, fibres, tuft). Cognate with Old High German flocko (down), Middle Dutch vlocke (flock), Norwegian dialectal flugsa (snowflake). Non-Germanic cognates include Albanian flokë (hair).

Noun

flock (countable and uncountable, plural flocks)

  1. Coarse tufts of wool or cotton used in bedding.
  2. A lock of wool or hair.
  3. Very fine sifted woollen refuse, especially that from shearing the nap of cloths, formerly used as a coating for wallpaper to give it a velvety or clothlike appearance; also, the dust of vegetable fibre used for a similar purpose.
    • There was a neat hat-and-umbrella stand, and the stranger’s weary feet fell soft on a good, serviceable dark-red drugget, which matched in colour the flock-paper on the walls.
Translations

Verb

flock (third-person singular simple present flocks, present participle flocking, simple past and past participle flocked)

  1. (transitive) To coat a surface with dense fibers or particles; especially, to create a dense arrangement of fibers with a desired nap.
Translations

Derived terms

  • flocked

See also

  • Appendix:English collective nouns

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Swedish flokker, flukker, from Old Norse flokkr, from Proto-Germanic *flukkaz. Cognate with Faroese flokkur, Icelandic flokkur, Norwegian flokk, and Danish flok.

Pronunciation

Noun

flock c

  1. flock; a group of people or animals
  2. murder of crows

Declension

Related terms

  • flockas

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