compensate vs recompense what difference

what is difference between compensate and recompense

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin compensatus, past participle of compensare (to weight together one thing against another, balance, make good, later also shorten, spare), from com- (together) + pensare (to weight).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈkɒm.pən.seɪt/, /ˈkɒm.pɛn.seɪt/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈkɑm.pənˌseɪt/
  • Rhymes: -eɪt

Verb

compensate (third-person singular simple present compensates, present participle compensating, simple past and past participle compensated)

  1. To do (something good) after (something bad) happens
  2. To pay or reward someone in exchange for work done or some other consideration.
    It is hard work, but they will compensate you well for it.
  3. (transitive, intransitive) To make up for; to do something in place of something else; to correct, satisfy; to reach an agreement such that the scales are literally or (metaphorically) balanced; to equalize or make even.
    His loud voice cannot compensate for a lack of personality.
    To compensate me for his tree landing on my shed, my neighbor paved my driveway.
    • , Preface
      The pleasures of life do not compensate the miseries.
  4. To adjust or adapt to a change, often a harm or deprivation.
    I don’t like driving that old car because it always steers a little to the left so I’m forever compensating for that when I drive it. Trust me, it gets annoying real fast.
    To compensate for his broken leg, Gary uses crutches.

Synonyms

  • (to do something good): See Thesaurus:compensate
  • (to pay): guerdon, reimburse; see also Thesaurus:reimburse
  • (to adjust to a change): acclimatize, acclimate, accommodate, accustom, adapt; see also Thesaurus:accustom
  • (to make up for): See Thesaurus:atone or Thesaurus:offset

Derived terms

  • recompensate

Related terms

  • compensation
  • compensatory
  • compensable
  • compensably
  • recompense

Translations

Further reading

  • compensate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • compensate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Italian

Verb

compensate

  1. inflection of compensare:
    1. second-person plural present indicative
    2. second-person plural imperative
  2. feminine plural of compensato

Latin

Verb

compēnsāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of compēnsō


English

Etymology

  • (noun): From Middle English recompense, borrowed from Old French recompense or Medieval Latin recompensa.
  • (verb): From Middle English recompensen, borrowed from Old French recompenser, from Late Latin recompensare, from Latin re- (again) + compensare (to balance out).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˌɹɛkəmˈpɛns/
  • Rhymes: -ɛns

Noun

recompense (countable and uncountable, plural recompenses)

  1. An equivalent returned for anything given, done, or suffered; compensation; reward; amends; requital.
  2. That which compensates for an injury, or other type of harm or damage.

Synonyms

  • meed
  • payback
  • recompence
  • restitution

Related terms

  • compensate
  • recompensate

Translations

Verb

recompense (third-person singular simple present recompenses, present participle recompensing, simple past and past participle recompensed)

  1. To reward or repay (someone) for something done, given etc.
  2. To give compensation for an injury, or other type of harm or damage.
  3. (transitive) To give (something) in return; to pay back; to pay, as something earned or deserved.
    • Recompense to no man evil for evil.

Translations


Old French

Etymology

From recompenser.

Noun

recompense f (oblique plural recompenses, nominative singular recompense, nominative plural recompenses)

  1. recompense; compensation

Descendants

  • English: recompense

Portuguese

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˌʁe.kõ.ˈpẽ.si/

Verb

recompense

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of recompensar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of recompensar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of recompensar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of recompensar

Spanish

Verb

recompense

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of recompensar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of recompensar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of recompensar.

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