compete vs contend what difference

what is difference between compete and contend

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Middle French competer, from Latin competere (to coincide, to be equal to, to be capable of), present active infinitive of competō, from com- (with) + petō (I seek, I aim for, I strive for). Compare Latin competītor (competitor).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kəm.ˈpiːt/
  • Rhymes: -iːt

Verb

compete (third-person singular simple present competes, present participle competing, simple past and past participle competed)

  1. To be in battle or in a rivalry with another for the same thing, position, or reward; to contend
  2. To be in a position in which it is possible to win or triumph.
  3. To take part in a contest, game or similar event

Usage notes

A person will compete for a prize received for winning a competition. Two or more persons compete against one another if they are rivals. Two or more persons can compete with each other as teammates, however compete with is also used to indicate two persons competing against each other.

Derived terms

  • noncompete

Antonyms

  • cooperate

Related terms

Translations

Further reading

  • compete in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Italian

Verb

compete

  1. third-person singular present indicative of competere

Latin

Verb

compete

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of competō

Portuguese

Verb

compete

  1. third-person singular present indicative of competir
  2. second-person singular imperative of competir

Spanish

Verb

compete

  1. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of competer.
  2. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of competer.


English

Etymology

From Middle English contenden, borrowed from Old French contendre, from Latin contendere (to stretch out, extend, strive after, contend), from com- (together) + tendere (to stretch); see tend, and compare attend, extend, intend, subtend.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kənˈtɛnd/
  • Rhymes: -ɛnd

Verb

contend (third-person singular simple present contends, present participle contending, simple past and past participle contended)

  1. (intransitive) To be in opposition; to contest; to dispute; to vie; to quarrel; to fight.
    • 2011, Osaiah “Ike” Wilson III, ‎James J.F. Forrest, Handbook of Defence Politics
      the armies of Syria and Lebanon lack the capability to contend with the Israeli army, as demonstrated during the course of the First Lebanon War.
  2. (intransitive) To struggle or exert oneself to obtain or retain possession of, or to defend.
    • 17th century, John Dryden, Epistle III to the Lady Castlemain
      You sit above, and see vain men below / Contend for what you only can bestow.
    • 2020, C. Matthew McMahon, ‎Therese B. McMahon, 5 Marks of Christian Resolve
      God has entrusted something to the church, and it is the church’s job to contend for it, even unto death
  3. (intransitive) To be in debate; to engage in discussion; to dispute; to argue.
    • 1667, Richard Allestree, The Causes of the Decay of Christian Piety
      many of those things he so fiercely contended about , were either falle or trivial
  4. (intransitive) To believe (something is reasonable) and argue (for it); to advocate.
    • 1996, Michael Adler, ‎Erio Ziglio, Gazing Into the Oracle []
      Some panellists contended that the costs of research and care justified the establishment of a permanent national commission

Synonyms

  • (strive in opposition): fight, combat, vie, oppose
  • (struggle): struggle, strive, emulate (rare)
  • (strive in debate): contest, litigate, dispute, debate
  • (believe and argue): assert, aver

Related terms

  • contender
  • contention
  • contentious

Translations

Further reading

  • contend in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • contend in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

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