conclude vs reason what difference

what is difference between conclude and reason

English

Etymology

From Middle English concluden, borrowed from Latin conclūdere (to shut up, close, end), present active infinitive of conclūdō.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kən.ˈkluːd/

Verb

conclude (third-person singular simple present concludes, present participle concluding, simple past and past participle concluded)

  1. (intransitive) To end; to come to an end.
    The story concluded with a moral.
  2. (transitive) To bring to an end; to close; to finish.
    • 1623, Francis Bacon, A Discourse of a War with Spain
      I will conclude this part with the speech of a counsellor of state.
  3. (transitive) To bring about as a result; to effect; to make.
    to conclude a bargain
  4. (transitive) To come to a conclusion, to a final decision.
    From the evidence, I conclude that this man was murdered.
    • a. 1694, John Tillotson, The Advantages of Religion to Societies
      No man can certainly conclude God’s love or hatred to any person by anything that befalls him.
  5. (obsolete) To make a final determination or judgment concerning; to judge; to decide.
    • 1717, Joseph Addison, Metamorphoses
      But no frail man, however great or high, / Can be concluded blest before he die.
  6. To shut off; to restrain; to limit; to estop; to bar; generally in the passive.
    The defendant is concluded by his own plea.
    A judgment concludes the introduction of further evidence.
    • 1677, Matthew Hale, The Primitive Origination of Mankind, Considered and Examined According to the Light of Nature
      If therefore they will appeal to revelation for their creation they must be concluded by it.
  7. (obsolete) To shut up; to enclose.
    • 1594, Richard Hooker, Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie
      The very person of Christ [was] concluded within the grave.
  8. (obsolete) To include; to comprehend; to shut up together; to embrace; to confine.
  9. (logic) to deduce, to infer (develop a causal relation)

Antonyms

  • (to end): begin, initiate, start, commence

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations


Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /konˈklu.de/
  • Rhymes: -ude

Verb

conclude

  1. third-person singular present indicative of concludere

Latin

Verb

conclūde

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of conclūdō


English

Etymology

From Middle English resoun, reson, from Anglo-Norman raisun (Old French raison), from Latin ratiō, from ratus, past participle of reor (reckon), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂reh₁- (to think), reanalysed root of *h₂er- (to put together). Doublet of ration and ratio.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɹiːzən/
  • Rhymes: -iːzən
  • Hyphenation: rea‧son

Noun

reason (countable and uncountable, plural reasons)

  1. A cause:
    1. That which causes something: an efficient cause, a proximate cause.
      • 1996, Daniel Clement Dennett, Darwin’s Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meanings of Life, page 198:
        There is a reason why so many should be symmetrical: The selective advantage in a symmetrical complex is enjoyed by all the subunits []
    2. A motive for an action or a determination.
      • 1806, Anonymous, Select Notes to Book XXI, in, Alexander Pope, translator, The Odyssey of Homer, volume 6 (London, F.J. du Roveray), page 37:
        This is the reason why he proposes to offer a libation, to atone for the abuse of the day by their diversions.
      • 1881, Henry James, The Portrait of a Lady, chapter 10:
        Ralph Touchett, for reasons best known to himself, had seen fit to say that Gilbert Osmond was not a good fellow []
    3. An excuse: a thought or a consideration offered in support of a determination or an opinion; that which is offered or accepted as an explanation.
      • 1966, Graham Greene, The Comedians (Penguin Classics edition, →ISBN, page 14:
        I have forgotten the reason he gave for not travelling by air. I felt sure that it was not the correct reason, and that he suffered from a heart trouble which he kept to himself.
    4. (logic) A premise placed after its conclusion.
  2. (uncountable) Rational thinking (or the capacity for it); the cognitive faculties, collectively, of conception, judgment, deduction and intuition.
    • 1970, Hannah Arendt, On Violence →ISBN, page 62:
      And the specific distinction between man and beast is now, strictly speaking, no longer reason (the lumen naturale of the human animal) but science []
  3. (obsolete) Something reasonable, in accordance with thought; justice.
    • 16th century Edmund Spenser, Lines on his Promised Pension
      I was promised, on a time, To have reason for my rhyme.
  4. (mathematics, obsolete) Ratio; proportion.
    • a. 1677, Isaac Barrow, The Usefulness of Mathematical Learning Explained and Demonstrated
      Geometrical Reasons

Synonyms

  • (that which causes): cause
  • (motive for an action): rationale, motive
  • (thought offered in support): excuse

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

reason (third-person singular simple present reasons, present participle reasoning, simple past and past participle reasoned)

  1. (intransitive) To deduce or come to a conclusion by being rational
    • 1892, Arthur Conan Doyle, The Adventure of the Speckled Band
      “I had,” said he, “come to an entirely erroneous conclusion which shows, my dear Watson, how dangerous it always is to reason from insufficient data. []
  2. (intransitive) To perform a process of deduction or of induction, in order to convince or to confute; to argue.
  3. (intransitive, obsolete) To converse; to compare opinions.
  4. (transitive, intransitive) To arrange and present the reasons for or against; to examine or discuss by arguments; to debate or discuss.
    I reasoned the matter with my friend.
    • 1901, Ralph Connor, The Man from Glengarry Chapter 9
      The talk was mainly between Aleck and Murdie, the others crowding eagerly about and putting in a word as they could. Murdie was reasoning good-humoredly, Aleck replying fiercely.
  5. (transitive, rare) To support with reasons, as a request.
  6. (transitive) To persuade by reasoning or argument.
    to reason one into a belief; to reason one out of his plan
    • 1816, Jane Austen, Emma Volume 2/Chapter 10
      That she was not immediately ready, Emma did suspect to arise from the state of her nerves; she had not yet possessed the instrument long enough to touch it without emotion; she must reason herself into the power of performance; and Emma could not but pity such feelings, whatever their origin, and could not but resolve never to expose them to her neighbour again.
  7. (transitive, with down) To overcome or conquer by adducing reasons.
    to reason down a passion
  8. (transitive, usually with out) To find by logical process; to explain or justify by reason or argument.
    to reason out the causes of the librations of the moon

Derived terms

Translations

Further reading

  • reason at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • reason in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • reason in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • Roanes, Serano, arseno-, senora, señora

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial