corrode vs rust what difference

what is difference between corrode and rust

English

Etymology

From Middle English corrōden, that borrowed from Old French corroder or directly from Latin corrodere (to gnaw).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /kəˈɹəʊd/
  • (US) IPA(key): /kəˈɹoʊd/, [kəˈɹoʊ̯d], [kɚˈ(ɹ)oʊ̯d]
  • Rhymes: -əʊd

Verb

corrode (third-person singular simple present corrodes, present participle corroding, simple past and past participle corroded)

  1. (transitive) To eat away bit by bit; to wear away or diminish by gradually separating or destroying small particles of, as by action of a strong acid or a caustic alkali.
  2. (transitive) To consume; to wear away; to prey upon; to impair.
  3. (intransitive) To have corrosive action; to be subject to corrosion.

Synonyms

  • (to eat away by degrees): canker, gnaw, rust, waste, wear

Translations

Anagrams

  • Cordero

French

Verb

corrode

  1. first-person singular present indicative of corroder
  2. third-person singular present indicative of corroder
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of corroder
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of corroder
  5. second-person singular imperative of corroder

Italian

Verb

corrode

  1. third-person singular present indicative of corrodere

Anagrams

  • corredo, corredò, decorro

Latin

Verb

corrōde

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of corrōdō


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: rŭst, IPA(key): /ɹʌst/
  • Rhymes: -ʌst

Etymology 1

From Middle English rust, rost, roust, from Old English rust, rūst (rust), from Proto-West Germanic *rust, from Proto-Germanic *rustaz (rust), from Proto-Indo-European *rudʰso- (red), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ- (red).

Cognate with Scots roust (rust), Saterland Frisian rust (rust), West Frisian roast (rust), Dutch roest (rust), German Rost (rust), Danish rust (rust), Swedish rost (rust), Norwegian rust, ryst (rust). Related to red.

Noun

rust (countable and uncountable, plural rusts)

  1. The deteriorated state of iron or steel as a result of moisture and oxidation.
    The rust on my bicycle chain made cycling to work very dangerous.
  2. A similar substance based on another metal (usually with qualification, such as “copper rust”).
    aerugo. Green or blue-green copper rust; verdigris. (American Heritage Dictionary, 1973)
  3. A reddish-brown color.
  4. A disease of plants caused by a reddish-brown fungus.
  5. (philately) Damage caused to stamps and album pages by a fungal infection.


Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English rusten, from the noun (see above).

Verb

rust (third-person singular simple present rusts, present participle rusting, simple past and past participle rusted)

  1. (intransitive) To oxidize, especially of iron or steel.
    The patio furniture had rusted in the wind-driven spray.
  2. (transitive) To cause to oxidize.
    The wind-driven spray had thoroughly rusted the patio furniture.
  3. (intransitive) To be affected with the parasitic fungus called rust.
  4. (transitive, intransitive, figuratively) To (cause to) degenerate in idleness; to make or become dull or impaired by inaction.
    • 1692, John Dryden, Cleomenes, the Spartan Hero, a Tragedy
      Must I rust in Egypt? never more / Appear in arms, and be the chief of Greece?
Synonyms
  • oxidise / oxidize
  • corrode
Translations
See also

Anagrams

  • RTUs, UTRs, ruts, stur, turs

Danish

Etymology

From Old Swedish rost (rust), from Old Norse *rustr, possibly borrowed from Old Saxon rost, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *rustaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rost/, [ʁɔsd̥]

Noun

rust c (singular definite rusten, not used in plural form)

  1. rust
  2. corrosion

Verb

rust

  1. imperative of ruste

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rʏst/
  • Hyphenation: rust
  • Rhymes: -ʏst

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch ruste, from Old Dutch *rusta, from Proto-Germanic *rustijō. Cognate with German Low German Rüst (rest), German Rüste (end, sunset).

Noun

rust f (plural rusten)

  1. rest, calm, peace
  2. (sports) half-time
Derived terms
  • rusteloos
  • rustig
Descendants
  • Negerhollands: rust, res

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

rust

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of rusten
  2. imperative of rusten

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English rust, rūst, from Proto-West Germanic *rust, *rost, from Proto-Germanic *rustaz.

Alternative forms

  • rost, roste, roust, rouste, ruste

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rust/
  • (rare) IPA(key): /ruːst/

Noun

rust (uncountable)

  1. rust (oxidisation of iron or steel)
  2. (figuratively) Moral degeneration.
  3. (horticulture) A fungal disease of plants.
Related terms
  • rusten
  • rusty
Descendants
  • English: rust
  • Scots: roost, roust
References
  • “rū̆st, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Etymology 2

Verb

rust

  1. Alternative form of rusten

Norwegian Bokmål

Noun

rust m or f (definite singular rusta or rusten) (uncountable)

  1. rust (oxidation of iron and steel)
  2. rust (disease affecting plants)

Derived terms

  • rustrød

Verb

rust

  1. imperative of ruste

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

From Proto-Germanic *rustaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rʉst/

Noun

rust f (definite singular rusta) (uncountable)

  1. rust (oxidation, as above)
  2. rust (plant disease)

Verb

rust

  1. imperative of rusta and ruste

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rʉːst/

Verb

rust

  1. past participle of rusa

References

  • “rust” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

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