Corrosive vs Caustic what difference

what is difference between Corrosive and Caustic

English

Etymology

From Old French corrosif.

Adjective

corrosive (comparative more corrosive, superlative most corrosive)

  1. Eating away; having the power of gradually wearing, hanging, or destroying the texture or substance of a body; as the corrosive action of an acid.
  2. Having the quality of fretting or vexing.
  3. destroying or undermining something gradually.

Related terms

Translations

Noun

corrosive (plural corrosives)

  1. That which has the quality of eating or wearing away gradually.
  2. Any solid, liquid or gas capable of irreparably harming living tissues or damaging material on contact.

Translations


French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɔ.ʁo.ziv/

Adjective

corrosive

  1. feminine singular of corrosif

Italian

Adjective

corrosive

  1. feminine plural of corrosivo

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /kor.roːˈsiː.u̯e/, [kɔrːoːˈs̠iːu̯ɛ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /kor.roˈsi.ve/, [kɔrːɔˈs̬iːvɛ]

Adjective

corrōsīve

  1. vocative masculine singular of corrōsīvus


English

Etymology

From the Latin causticus (burning), from the Ancient Greek καυστικός (kaustikós, burning).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: kôs’tĭk, kŏs’tĭk, IPA(key): /ˈkɔːstɪk/, /ˈkɒstɪk/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːstɪk

Adjective

caustic (comparative more caustic, superlative most caustic)

  1. Capable of burning, corroding or destroying organic tissue.
  2. (of language, etc.) Sharp, bitter, cutting, biting, and sarcastic in a scathing way.
    • 1853, Charlotte Brontë, Villette
      Madame Beck esteemed me learned and blue; Miss Fanshawe, caustic, ironic, and cynical
    • c. 1930, W.H.Auden, “The Quest”
      though he came too late / To join the martyrs, there was still a place / Among the tempters for a caustic tongue / / To test the resolution of the young / With tales of the small failings of the great

Synonyms

  • (capable of destroying tissue): acidic, biting, burning, corrosive, searing
  • (severe, sharp): bitchy, biting, catty, mordacious, nasty, sarcastic, scathing, sharp, spiteful, vitriolic

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Noun

caustic (plural caustics)

  1. Any substance or means which, applied to animal or other organic tissue, burns, corrodes, or destroys it by chemical action; an escharotic.
  2. (optics, computer graphics) The envelope of reflected or refracted rays of light for a given surface or object.
  3. (mathematics) The envelope of reflected or refracted rays for a given curve.
  4. (informal, chemistry) Caustic soda.

Derived terms

  • lunar caustic

Translations


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