course vs row what difference

what is difference between course and row

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: kôs, IPA(key): /kɔːs/
  • (General American) enPR: kôrs, IPA(key): /kɔːɹs/, /kɔɹs/
  • (rhotic, without the horsehoarse merger) enPR: kōrs, IPA(key): /ko(ː)ɹs/
  • (non-rhotic, without the horsehoarse merger) IPA(key): /koəs/
  • (Tasmania) IPA(key): /kɜːs/
  • Homophone: coarse; curse (Tasmania)
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)s, -ɜː(ɹ)s (Tasmania)

Etymology 1

From Middle English cours, from Old French cours, from Latin cursus (course of a race), from currō (run), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱers- (to run). Doublet of cursus.

Noun

course (plural courses)

  1. A sequence of events.
    1. A normal or customary sequence.
    2. A programme, a chosen manner of proceeding.
    3. Any ordered process or sequence of steps.
    4. A learning programme, whether a single class or (Britain) a major area of study.
      • 1661, John Fell, The Life of the most learned, reverend and pious Dr. H. Hammond
        During the whole time of his abode in the university he generally spent thirteen hours of the day in study; by which assiduity besides an exact dispatch of the whole course of philosophy, he read over in a manner all classic authors that are extant []
      • 1992 August 21, Edwina Currie, Diary:
        Her course will be ‘Communication Studies with Theatre Studies’: God, how tedious, how pointless.
    5. (especially in medicine) A treatment plan.
      • 1932, Agatha Christie, The Thirteen Problems
        Miss Clark, alarmed at her increasing stoutness, was doing a course of what is popularly known as banting.
    6. A stage of a meal.
    7. The succession of one to another in office or duty; order; turn.
      • He appointed [] the courses of the priests.
  2. A path that something or someone moves along.
    1. The itinerary of a race.
    2. A racecourse.
    3. The path taken by a flow of water; a watercourse.
    4. (sports) The trajectory of a ball, frisbee etc.
    5. (golf) A golf course.
    6. (nautical) The direction of movement of a vessel at any given moment.
    7. (navigation) The intended passage of voyage, such as a boat, ship, airplane, spaceship, etc.
  3. (nautical) The lowest square sail in a fully rigged mast, often named according to the mast.
  4. (in the plural, courses, obsolete, euphemistic) Menses.
  5. A row or file of objects.
    1. (masonry) A row of bricks or blocks.
    2. (roofing) A row of material that forms the roofing, waterproofing or flashing system.
    3. (textiles) In weft knitting, a single row of loops connecting the loops of the preceding and following rows.
  6. (music) One or more strings on some musical instruments (such as the guitar, lute or vihuela): if multiple, then closely spaced, tuned in unison or octaves and intended to played together.
Hyponyms
  • bird course
  • crash course
  • due course
  • massive open online course (MOOC)
Derived terms
Related terms
Translations

Verb

course (third-person singular simple present courses, present participle coursing, simple past and past participle coursed)

  1. To run or flow (especially of liquids and more particularly blood).
    The oil coursed through the engine.
    Blood pumped around the human body courses throughout all its veins and arteries.
    • 2013, Martina Hyde, “Is the pope Catholic?”, The Guardian, 20 September 2013[1]
      He is a South American, so perhaps revolutionary spirit courses through Francis’s veins. But what, pray, does the Catholic church want with doubt?
  2. (transitive) To run through or over.
  3. (transitive) To pursue by tracking or estimating the course taken by one’s prey; to follow or chase after.
  4. (transitive) To cause to chase after or pursue game.
    to course greyhounds after deer
Translations

Etymology 2

Clipping of of course

Adverb

course (not comparable)

  1. (colloquial) Alternative form of of course

Anagrams

  • Couser, Crouse, Crusoe, cerous, coures, crouse, source

French

Etymology

From Old French cours, from Latin cursus (course of a race), from currō (run), with influence of Italian corsa.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kuʁs/

Noun

course f (plural courses)

  1. run, running
  2. race
  3. errand

Usage notes

  • course is a false friend, it does not mean “course”. To translate the English word course to French, use cours.

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Romanian: cursă

Further reading

  • “course” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • coeurs, cœurs
  • coures
  • écrous
  • source

Norman

Etymology

From Old French cours, from Latin cursus (course of a race), from currō (run).

Noun

course f (plural courses)

  1. (Jersey) course


English

Etymology 1

From Middle English rewe, rowe, rawe, from Old English rǣw, rāw, probably from Proto-Germanic *raiwō, *raigwō, *raih- (row, streak, line), from Proto-Indo-European *reyk- (to carve, scratch, etch). Cognate with dialectal Norwegian (boundary line), Middle Dutch rīe, Dutch rij (row, line), Old High German rīga (line), rihan (to string), Middle High German rige (line, row, ditch), rīhe (row, line, corridor), German Reihe (row), Middle Low German rēge, rīge, Old Norse rega (string), Middle Dutch rīghe, Dutch rijg, rijge, German Riege (sports team).

Alternative forms

  • rew (dialectal)

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: , IPA(key): /ˈɹəʊ/
  • (US) enPR: , IPA(key): /ˈɹoʊ/
  • Homophones: rho, roe
  • Rhymes: -əʊ

Noun

row (plural rows)

  1. A line of objects, often regularly spaced, such as seats in a theatre, vegetable plants in a garden etc.
  2. A horizontal line of entries in a table, etc., going from left to right, as opposed to a column going from top to bottom.
    Antonym: column
Synonyms
  • (line of objects): line, sequence, series, succession, tier (of seats)
  • (in a table): line
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English rowen (to row), from Old English rōwan (to row), from Proto-Germanic *rōaną (to row), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁reh₁- (to row). Compare West Frisian roeie, Dutch roeien, Danish ro. More at rudder.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: , IPA(key): /ɹəʊ/
  • (US) enPR: , IPA(key): /ɹoʊ/
  • Homophones: rho, roe
  • Rhymes: -əʊ

Verb

row (third-person singular simple present rows, present participle rowing, simple past and past participle rowed)

  1. (transitive or intransitive, nautical) To propel (a boat or other craft) over water using oars.
    Synonym: paddle
  2. (transitive) To transport in a boat propelled with oars.
  3. (intransitive) To be moved by oars.
    The boat rows easily.
Derived terms
  • get in the boat and row
  • rowboat (see also rowing boat)
Translations

Noun

row (plural rows)

  1. An act or instance of rowing.
  2. (weightlifting) An exercise performed with a pulling motion of the arms towards the back.
Translations

Etymology 3

Unclear; some suggest it is a back-formation from rouse, verb.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: rou, IPA(key): /ɹaʊ/
  • Rhymes: -aʊ

Noun

row (plural rows)

  1. A noisy argument.
    Synonyms: argument, disturbance, fight, fracas, quarrel, shouting match, slanging match
  2. A continual loud noise.
    Synonyms: din, racket
Translations

Verb

row (third-person singular simple present rows, present participle rowing, simple past and past participle rowed)

  1. (intransitive) To argue noisily.
    Synonyms: argue, fight
Translations

Anagrams

  • Wor., wor

Lower Sorbian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *rovъ. Cognate with Upper Sorbian row, Polish rów (ditch), Czech rov, Russian ров (rov, ditch), Old Church Slavonic ровъ (rovŭ, ditch).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rɔw/, [row]

Noun

row m (diminutive rowk)

  1. grave

Declension

Further reading

  • Arnošt Muka (1921, 1928), “row”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German, Russian), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted (in German)Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • row in Manfred Starosta (1999): Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.

Manx

Etymology

From an old perfective particle ro- + va.

Verb

row

  1. was, were (dependent form)

Usage notes

Part of the substantive verb bee. This is the dependent form of the past tense va used after negative and interrogative particles:

    • Cha row aggle erbee er.
      • He was not in the least afraid.
    • Dooyrt eh dy row eh mac y ree.
      • He claimed that he was the son of the king.

Old English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *rōu, from Proto-Germanic *rōwō. Cognate with Old Norse (rest) and German Ruhe (quietness, rest, repose).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /roːw/

Noun

rōw f

  1. quiet, rest, calm

Declension

Descendants

  • Middle English: ro, rou, rowe, roo
    • English: roo
    • Scots: ro, ruve

References

  • Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller (1898), “rōw”, in An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, 2nd edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Scots

Noun

row (plural rows)

  1. roll

Derived terms

  • row-cloth: a folding cloak of warm cloth

Upper Sorbian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *rovъ.

Noun

row m

  1. grave

Vilamovian

Pronunciation

Noun

rōw f (plural rowa)

  1. rook (bird)
  2. raven

Yola

Noun

row

  1. Alternative form of reoue

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