cram vs drum what difference

what is difference between cram and drum

English

Etymology

From Middle English crammen, from Old English crammian (to cram; stuff), from Proto-West Germanic *krammōn, from Proto-Germanic *krammōną, a secondary verb derived from *krimmaną (to stuff), from Proto-Indo-European *ger- (to assemble; collect; gather). Compare Old English crimman (to cram; stuff; insert; press; bruise), Icelandic kremja (to squeeze; crush; bruise).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɹæm/
  • Rhymes: -æm

Verb

cram (third-person singular simple present crams, present participle cramming, simple past and past participle crammed)

  1. (transitive) To press, force, or drive, particularly in filling, or in thrusting one thing into another; to stuff; to fill to superfluity.
  2. (transitive) To fill with food to satiety; to stuff.
  3. (transitive) To put hastily through an extensive course of memorizing or study, as in preparation for an examination.
  4. (intransitive) To study hard; to swot.
  5. (intransitive) To eat greedily, and to satiety; to stuff oneself.
  6. (intransitive, dated, British slang) To lie; to intentionally not tell the truth.
  7. (transitive, dated, British slang) To make (a person) believe false or exaggerated tales.

Derived terms

  • crammable, crammer, cram school, cram-full, cram session

Translations

Noun

cram (countable and uncountable, plural crams)

  1. The act of cramming (forcing or stuffing something).
  2. Information hastily memorized.
  3. (weaving) A warp having more than two threads passing through each dent or split of the reed.
  4. (dated, British slang) A lie; a falsehood.
  5. (uncountable) A mathematical board game in which players take turns placing dominoes horizontally or vertically until no more can be placed, the loser being the player who cannot continue.
  6. A small friendship book with limited space for people to enter their information.
    • 2017, Mark Duffett, Fan Identities and Practices in Context: Dedicated to Music (page 194)
      Regular friendship books had a variety of variations, such as slams, crams, and decos.

Synonyms

  • (lie): see Thesaurus:lie

Translations

Anagrams

  • MRCA, Marc, macr-, marc, mrca


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈdɹʌm/
  • Rhymes: -ʌm

Etymology 1

Perhaps back-formation from drumslade (drummer), from Middle Dutch trommelslach (drumbeat), from trommel (drum) + slach (beat) (Dutch slag).

Or perhaps borrowed directly from a continental Germanic language; compare Middle Dutch tromme (drum), Middle Low German trumme (drum) et al. Compare also Middle High German trumme, trumbe (drum), Old High German trumba (trumpet).

Noun

drum (plural drums)

  1. A percussive musical instrument spanned with a thin covering on at least one end for striking, forming an acoustic chamber; a membranophone.
    Hypernym: percussion instrument
  2. Any similar hollow, cylindrical object.
  3. A barrel or large cylindrical container for liquid transport and storage.
  4. (architecture) The encircling wall that supports a dome or cupola.
  5. (architecture) Any of the cylindrical blocks that make up the shaft of a pillar.
  6. A drumfish (family Sciaenidae).
  7. (Australia slang) A tip; a piece of information.
    • 1985, Peter Carey, Illywhacker, Faber and Faber 2003, page 258:
      ‘he is the darndest little speaker we got, so better sit there and listen to him while he gives you the drum and if you clean out your earholes you might get a bit of sense into your heads.’
Usage notes

When used in the plural, “drums” or “the drums” often specifically means a drum kit as used for contemporary styles such as rock or jazz; a classical percussionist would be very unlikely to say that they “play the drums” on a piece, even if the only parts they play are, indeed, drums (as opposed to marimba or xylophone or similar.)

Derived terms
Translations
See also
  • percussion

Verb

drum (third-person singular simple present drums, present participle drumming, simple past and past participle drummed)

  1. (intransitive) To beat a drum.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To beat with a rapid succession of strokes.
    • drumming with his fingers on the arm of his chair
  3. (transitive) To drill or review in an attempt to establish memorization.
  4. To throb, as the heart.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)
  5. To go about, as a drummer does, to gather recruits, to draw or secure partisans, customers, etc.; used with for.
  6. Of various animals, to make a vocalisation or mechanical sound that resembles drumming.
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Irish druim, Scottish Gaelic druim (back, ridge).

Noun

drum (plural drums)

  1. (now rare) A small hill or ridge of hills.
Usage notes
  • Mainly encountered in place names, such as Drumglass and Drumsheugh.

Etymology 3

Origin unknown.

Noun

drum (plural drums)

  1. (now historical) A social gathering or assembly held in the evening. [from 18th c.]
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society 1973, page 631:
      Another misfortune which befel poor Sophia, was the company of Lord Fellamar, whom she met at the opera, and who attended her to the drum.
    • 1751, Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, vol. IV, ch. 105:
      [H]e was engaged in a partie of cards, at a drum in the house of a certain lady of quality [] .
  2. (slang, chiefly Britain) A person’s home; a house or other building, especially when insalubrious; a tavern, a brothel. [from 19th c.]
Derived terms
  • drummer (housebreaker; travelling salesman)

Etymology 4

Shortening.

Noun

drum (plural drums)

  1. (informal) A drumstick (of chicken, turkey, etc).
    • 2006, Helene Andreu, Dance, movemet, and nutrition, AuthorHouse (→ISBN), page 138:
      Add, thinly sliced, 1/2 to 1 onion and 2 cloves of garlic also sliced, your choice of protein – chicken or turkey breast, or low fat beef, veal, lamb or pork, cut in pieces, or skinless chicken drums, and probably a little water. Then add 1/2 a cup of …
    • 2010, Nadejda Reilly, Ukrainian Cuisine with an American Touch and Ingredients (→ISBN), page 253:
      In a large frying pan, add some canola oil and half of the chicken drums and brown them on both sides. Repeat the procedure until all drums are browned. Place them in a medium baking pan. To the browned chicken drums, add sliced onion, …
    • 2010, Lisa Lamme, The Gypsy Kitchen: Transform Almost Nothing into Something Delicious with Not-So-Secret Ingredients, Simon and Schuster (→ISBN):
      3–5 pounds chicken drums and thighs, with skin
      Hot sauce to taste
      1. In a gallon resealable plastic bag, add flour, pepper, and salt. Shake to mix. []
    • 2016, Melanie Mah, The Sweetest One, Cormorant Books (→ISBN)
      Up top, a pained expression, her eating face. My mom doesn’t eat for taste, she does it to stay alive. Probably wouldn’t eat if she didn’t have to. I grab a new chopstick and when I get back there’s a chicken drum on my plate. “Thanks, Ba,” I say.
    • 2016, Astroglo DeCerveau, A Book of Good and Bad Things, Xlibris Corporation (→ISBN)
      To stir the whole, he used a chicken drum.
    • 2017, Daniel Young, Stuart Barnes, Tincture Journal Issue Eighteen (Winter 2017), Tincture Journal (→ISBN):
      When noon came the next day, the two guards came in with a plate of [] chicken drums and pork braised in soy sauce, plus some vegetables.

References

  • drum at OneLook Dictionary Search

Aromanian

Alternative forms

  • drumu

Etymology

Borrowed from Greek δρόμος (drómos, road, track). Compare Romanian drum.

Noun

drum n (plural drumuri)

  1. road

Synonyms

  • cali, sucachi

See also

  • cãrari

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from English drum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /drʏm/
  • Hyphenation: drum
  • Rhymes: -ʏm

Noun

drum m (plural drums, diminutive drummetje n)

  1. (music) drum, usually one belonging to a drum kit

Synonyms

  • trommel

Derived terms

  • drumstel

German

Pronunciation

Adverb

drum

  1. Contraction of darum.

Further reading

  • “drum” in Duden online

Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from Greek δρόμος (drómos, road, track).

Noun

drum n (plural drumuri)

  1. road

Declension

Related terms

See also

  • stradă
  • cale
  • cărare
  • șosea

References

Language in Danger Andrew Dalby, 2003

References

  • drum in DEX online – Dicționare ale limbii române (Dictionaries of the Romanian language)

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

Borrowed from Greek δρόμος (drómos, road, track).

Noun

drȕm m (Cyrillic spelling дру̏м)

  1. road

Declension


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