crescent vs lunate what difference

what is difference between crescent and lunate

English

Alternative forms

  • (curved street): cres. (abbreviation)

Etymology

From Middle English cressaunt, from Anglo-Norman cressaunt and Old French creissant (crescent of the moon) (French croissant), from Latin crēscēns, present active participle of crēscō (arise, thrive), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱreh₁- (to grow). See Old Armenian սերիմ (serim, be born) and սերեմ (serem, bring forth), Ancient Greek κόρη (kórē, girl) and κούρος (koúros, boy), Latin creare (produce, create, bring forth) and Ceres (goddess of agriculture). Doublet of croissant.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈkɹɛ.zənt/, /ˈkɹɛ.sənt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈkɹɛ.sənt/, /ˈkɹɛ.zənt/
  • Rhymes: -ɛsənt, -ɛzənt

Noun

crescent (plural crescents)

  1. The figure of the moon as it appears between its first or last quarter and the new moon, with concave and convex edges terminating in points.
  2. Something shaped like a crescent, especially:
    1. A curved pastry.
    2. A curved street, often presenting a continuous façade, as of row houses.
  3. (Islam) A representation of crescent used as a symbol of Islam.
  4. (New Zealand) A crescent spanner.
  5. (historical) Any of three orders of knighthood conferred upon foreigners to whom Turkey might be indebted for valuable services.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Brande & C to this entry?)
  6. (heraldry) The emblem of the waxing Moon with horns directed upward, when used in a coat of arms; often used as a mark of cadency to distinguish a second son and his descendants.
  7. A crescentspot butterfly.

Derived terms

Translations

Adjective

crescent (not comparable)

  1. (dated, rare) marked by an increase; waxing, like the Moon.
    • 1835, Tennyson, “Locksley Hall”, Poems, Moxon, London (1842):
      O, I see the crescent promise of my spirit hath not set.
  2. Shaped like a crescent.

Antonyms

  • gibbous

Translations

Verb

crescent (third-person singular simple present crescents, present participle crescenting, simple past and past participle crescented)

  1. (transitive) To form into a crescent, or something resembling a crescent.
  2. (transitive) To adorn with crescents.

Latin

Verb

crēscent

  1. third-person plural future active indicative of crēscō


English

Etymology

From Latin lūnātus (crescent-shaped), from lūna (moon).

Adjective

lunate (comparative more lunate, superlative most lunate)

  1. Shaped like a crescent.
    a lunate beak

Noun

lunate (plural lunates)

  1. (archaeology) A small stone artifact, probably an arrowhead, with a blunt straight edge and a sharpened, crescent-shaped back, especially characteristic of the Mesolithic Period
  2. (anatomy) The lunate bone

Derived terms

  • lunated
  • lunate bone

Anagrams

  • eluant

Italian

Adjective

lunate

  1. feminine plural of lunato

Anagrams

  • lanute, talune

Latin

Verb

lūnāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of lūnō

References

  • lunate in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • lunate in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

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