cumber vs restrain what difference

what is difference between cumber and restrain

English

Alternative forms

  • cumbre (archaic)

Etymology

From Middle English combren, borrowed from the second element of Old French encombrer.
Cognate with German kümmern (to take care of).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈkʌmbə/
  • Rhymes: -ʌmbə(ɹ)

Verb

cumber (third-person singular simple present cumbers, present participle cumbering, simple past and past participle cumbered)

  1. (transitive, dated) To slow down; to hinder; to burden; to encumber.
    • Why asks he what avails him not in fight, / And would but cumber and retard his flight?
    • The multiplying variety of arguments, especially frivolous ones, [] but cumbers the memory.
    • 1886, Sir Walter Scott, The Fortunes of Nigel. Pub.: Adams & Charles Black, Edinburgh; page 321:
      [] the base villain who murdered this poor defenceless old man, when he had not, by the course of nature, a twelvemonth’s life in him, shall not cumber the earth long after him.

Synonyms

  • encumber

Derived terms

  • cumberground
  • cumbersome
  • cumberworld
  • cumbrous

Related terms

  • encumber
  • encumbrance

Translations

See also

  • Thesaurus:hinder

References

  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “cumber”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Anagrams

  • cumbre, recumb


English

Etymology

From Middle English restreinen, a borrowing from Old French restreindre, from Latin rēstringere, present active infinitive of rēstringō (fasten, tighten).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɹɪˈstɹeɪn/
  • Rhymes: -eɪn
  • Hyphenation: re‧strain

Verb

restrain (third-person singular simple present restrains, present participle restraining, simple past and past participle restrained)

  1. (transitive) To control or keep in check.
  2. (transitive) To deprive of liberty.
  3. (transitive) To restrict or limit.
    He was restrained by the straitjacket.

Synonyms

  • (control or keep in check): check, limit, restrain, withstrain; See also Thesaurus:curb
  • (deprive of liberty): confine, detain

Related terms

  • constrain
  • restraint
  • restrict

Translations

Anagrams

  • arrestin, retrains, strainer, terrains, trainers, transire

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