what is difference between cyanide and nitrile
cyano- + -ide
- IPA(key): /ˈsaɪənaɪd/
- Rhymes: -aɪd
cyanide (countable and uncountable, plural cyanides)
- (chemistry, countable) Any compound containing the -C≡N radical or the C≡N−1 anion.
- (uncountable) potassium cyanide – a water soluble poison
- (uncountable) hydrogen cyanide, or cyanide gas – a poisonous gas
cyanide (third-person singular simple present cyanides, present participle cyaniding, simple past and past participle cyanided)
- (transitive) To treat or poison with cyanide.
- hydrocyanic acid
- Zyklon B
- Nevada gas (slang)
Borrowed. Equivalent to cyaan + -ide. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.
- IPA(key): /ˌsi.aːˈni.də/
- Hyphenation: cy‧a‧ni‧de
- Rhymes: -i.də
cyanide n (uncountable)
- cyanide (C≡N-based compound)
Derived from benzonitrile which contains the -C≡N group. Benzonitrile was discovered and named by by Hermann Fehling in 1844.
- IPA(key): /ˈnaɪtɹaɪl/
nitrile (plural nitriles)
- (organic chemistry) any of a class of organic compounds containing a cyano functional group -C≡N; they are named as derivatives of the appropriate carboxylic acid
- A type of synthetic rubber formed by the copolymerisation of acrylonitrile and butadiene
- -tirelin, lintier
- Homophones: nitrilent, nitriles
- first-person singular present indicative of nitriler
- third-person singular present indicative of nitriler
- first-person singular present subjunctive of nitriler
- third-person singular present subjunctive of nitriler
- second-person singular imperative of nitriler
nitrile m (plural nitrili)