cyanide vs nitrile what difference

what is difference between cyanide and nitrile

English

Etymology

cyano- +‎ -ide

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsaɪənaɪd/
  • Rhymes: -aɪd

Noun

cyanide (countable and uncountable, plural cyanides)

  1. (chemistry, countable) Any compound containing the -C≡N radical or the C≡N−1 anion.
  2. (uncountable) potassium cyanide – a water soluble poison
  3. (uncountable) hydrogen cyanide, or cyanide gas – a poisonous gas

Derived terms

  • ferricyanide
  • ferrocyanide

Translations

Verb

cyanide (third-person singular simple present cyanides, present participle cyaniding, simple past and past participle cyanided)

  1. (transitive) To treat or poison with cyanide.

See also

  • hydrocyanic acid
  • Zyklon B
  • Nevada gas (slang)

Anagrams

  • cyaneid

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed. Equivalent to cyaan +‎ -ide. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˌsi.aːˈni.də/
  • Hyphenation: cy‧a‧ni‧de
  • Rhymes: -i.də

Noun

cyanide n (uncountable)

  1. cyanide (C≡N-based compound)


English

Etymology

Derived from benzonitrile which contains the -C≡N group. Benzonitrile was discovered and named by by Hermann Fehling in 1844.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈnaɪtɹaɪl/

Noun

nitrile (plural nitriles)

  1. (organic chemistry) any of a class of organic compounds containing a cyano functional group -C≡N; they are named as derivatives of the appropriate carboxylic acid
  2. A type of synthetic rubber formed by the copolymerisation of acrylonitrile and butadiene

Derived terms

Translations

Anagrams

  • -tirelin, lintier

French

Pronunciation

  • Homophones: nitrilent, nitriles

Verb

nitrile

  1. first-person singular present indicative of nitriler
  2. third-person singular present indicative of nitriler
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of nitriler
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of nitriler
  5. second-person singular imperative of nitriler

Italian

Noun

nitrile m (plural nitrili)

  1. nitrile

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