defalcate vs embezzle what difference

what is difference between defalcate and embezzle

English

Etymology

1530s, in sense “to lop off”, from Medieval Latin dēfalcātus, perfect passive participle of dēfalcō (cut or lop off), from Latin (off) + falx (sickle, scythe, pruning hook), from which also English falcate (sickle-shaped).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): [ˈdɛfəɫkeɪt]

Verb

defalcate (third-person singular simple present defalcates, present participle defalcating, simple past and past participle defalcated)

  1. (intransitive) To misappropriate funds; to embezzle.
  2. (transitive, obsolete)
    1. To cut off (a part of something).
    2. To deduct or take away (a part of income, money, rents, etc.).

Derived terms

  • defalcation

Related terms

  • falcate

Translations

See also

  • lop

References


Italian

Verb

defalcate

  1. inflection of defalcare:
    1. second-person plural present indicative
    2. second-person plural imperative


English

Etymology

From Middle English embesilen, from Anglo-Norman embesiler, embesillier, embeseillier (to steal, cause to disappear), from em- + Old French besillier (to torment, destroy, gouge), of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

  • (US) IPA(key): /əmˈbɛzəl/
  • Rhymes: -ɛzəl

Verb

embezzle (third-person singular simple present embezzles, present participle embezzling, simple past and past participle embezzled)

  1. (law, business) To steal or misappropriate money that one has been trusted with, especially to steal money from the organisation for which one works.
    • 1903, H.G. Wells, Twelve Stories and a Dream
      You waste your education in burglary. You should do one of two things. Either you should forge or you should embezzle. For my own part, I embezzle.
    • 1861, George Eliot, Silas Marner
      You let Dunsey have it, sir? And how long have you been so thick with Dunsey that you must collogue with him to embezzle my money?

Synonyms

  • defalcate
  • have one’s hand in the till
  • misappropriate
  • peculate

Derived terms

  • embezzler
  • embezzlement

Translations

References


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