defend vs guard what difference

what is difference between defend and guard

English

Etymology

From Middle English defenden, from Old French defendre, deffendre (Modern French défendre), from Latin dēfendō (to ward off), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰen-.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /dɪˈfɛnd/
  • (US) IPA(key): /dɛˈfɛnd/, /diˈfɛnd/, /dəˈfɛnd/
  • Rhymes: -ɛnd

Verb

defend (third-person singular simple present defends, present participle defending, simple past and past participle defended)

  1. (transitive) To ward off attacks against; to fight to protect; to guard.
  2. (transitive) To support by words or writing; to vindicate, talk in favour of.
  3. (transitive, law) To make legal defence of; to represent (the accused).
  4. (sports) To focus one’s energies and talents on preventing opponents from scoring, as opposed to focusing on scoring.
  5. (sports) To attempt to retain a title, or attempt to reach the same stage in a competition as one did in the previous edition of that competition.
  6. (poker slang) To call a raise from the big blind.
  7. (transitive, obsolete) To ward off, repel (an attack or attacker).
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.viii:
      The vertue is, that neither steele, nor stone / The stroke thereof from entrance may defend [].
  8. (transitive, obsolete) To prevent, to keep (from doing something).
  9. (transitive, intransitive, obsolete) To prohibit, forbid.

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:defend

Antonyms

  • attack

Derived terms

  • defendable
  • defendant
  • defender
  • defending

Related terms

  • defense, defence
  • defensive

Translations

Anagrams

  • fended


English

Alternative forms

  • gard, garde, guarde (obsolete)

Etymology

For verb: From early Middle French or late Old French (circa 14th cent) guarder (to keep, ward, guard, save, preserve, etc.), from Frankish *wardōn, from Proto-Germanic *wardāną (to guard, protect). Cognate with Old English weardian (whence English to ward). Compare French garder. See also English regard.

For noun: From Middle English garde, from early Middle French or late Old French guarde (a guardian, warden, keeper) (whence modern French garde), from the verb guarder. Doublet of garda, which is from Irish.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɡɑːd/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ɡɑɹd/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)d

Noun

guard (plural guards)

  1. A person who, or thing that, protects or watches over something.
  2. (Ireland) A garda; a police officer.
    • 2016, Anastasia Dukova, A History of the Dublin Metropolitan Police and its Colonial Legacy, Springer (→ISBN), page 139
      The Garda Regulations 1924 required a candidate for appointment as a guard to be able to produce satisfactory references as to his character
  3. (military) A squad responsible for protecting something.
  4. The part of a sword that protects the wielder’s hand.
  5. A part of a machine which blocks access to dangerous parts.
  6. A watchchain.
  7. (Australia) A panel of a car that encloses the wheel area, especially the front wheels.
  8. (uncountable) A state of caution; posture of defence.
  9. Something worn to protect part of the body, e.g. the shins in cricket.
  10. (basketball) A relatively short player, playing farther from the basket than a forward or center.
  11. (cricket) The position on the popping crease where a batsman makes a mark to align himself with the wicket; see take guard.
  12. (American football) Either of two offensive positions between the center and each of the offensive tackles, whose main responsibilities are to protect the quarterback, and open up “holes” through which offensive players can run.
  13. (sports) A player playing a position named guard.
  14. (rail transport) An employee, normally travelling in the last vehicle of a train, responsible for the safety of the train.
    • 1938, Xavier Herbert, Capricornia, New York: D. Appleton-Century, 1943, Chapter IX, p. 141, [4]
      When an engineer wished to stop a swiftly moving train he had first to whistle to the guard requesting him to apply the hand-brake of the van, and then apply the hand-brake of the engine. Guards did not always hear.
  15. (computing, programming) A Boolean expression that must evaluate to true for a branch of program execution to continue.

Synonyms

  • (the part of a sword that protects the wielder’s hand): quillon
  • (part of machine blocking dangerous parts): protection
  • (panel of a car enclosing a wheel): fender

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

guard (third-person singular simple present guards, present participle guarding, simple past and past participle guarded)

  1. To protect from danger; to secure against surprise, attack, or injury; to keep in safety; to defend.
  2. To keep watch over, in order to prevent escape or restrain from acts of violence, or the like.
    Guard the prisoner.
  3. To watch by way of caution or defense; to be caution; to be in a state or position of defense or safety.
    Careful people guard against mistakes.
  4. To protect the edge of, especially with an ornamental border; hence, to face or ornament with lists, laces, etc.
  5. To fasten by binding; to gird.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ben Jonson to this entry?)

Derived terms

  • guard one’s tongue

Translations

Further reading

  • guard in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • guard in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • guard at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • Dagur, Darug, Dugar, Durga, draug, durag

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