defend vs support what difference

what is difference between defend and support

English

Etymology

From Middle English defenden, from Old French defendre, deffendre (Modern French défendre), from Latin dēfendō (to ward off), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰen-.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /dɪˈfɛnd/
  • (US) IPA(key): /dɛˈfɛnd/, /diˈfɛnd/, /dəˈfɛnd/
  • Rhymes: -ɛnd

Verb

defend (third-person singular simple present defends, present participle defending, simple past and past participle defended)

  1. (transitive) To ward off attacks against; to fight to protect; to guard.
  2. (transitive) To support by words or writing; to vindicate, talk in favour of.
  3. (transitive, law) To make legal defence of; to represent (the accused).
  4. (sports) To focus one’s energies and talents on preventing opponents from scoring, as opposed to focusing on scoring.
  5. (sports) To attempt to retain a title, or attempt to reach the same stage in a competition as one did in the previous edition of that competition.
  6. (poker slang) To call a raise from the big blind.
  7. (transitive, obsolete) To ward off, repel (an attack or attacker).
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.viii:
      The vertue is, that neither steele, nor stone / The stroke thereof from entrance may defend [].
  8. (transitive, obsolete) To prevent, to keep (from doing something).
  9. (transitive, intransitive, obsolete) To prohibit, forbid.

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:defend

Antonyms

  • attack

Derived terms

  • defendable
  • defendant
  • defender
  • defending

Related terms

  • defense, defence
  • defensive

Translations

Anagrams

  • fended


English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /səˈpɔːt/, [səˈpʰɔːt]
  • (General American) IPA(key): /səˈpɔɹt/, [səˈpʰɔɹt], [səˈpʰoɹt]
  • (rhotic, without the horsehoarse merger) IPA(key): /səˈpo(ː)ɹt/
  • (non-rhotic, without the horsehoarse merger) IPA(key): /səˈpoət/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)t
  • Hyphenation: sup‧port

Etymology 1

From Middle English supporten, from Old French supporter, from Latin supportō. Displaced Old English underwreþian and Old English fultum.

Verb

support (third-person singular simple present supports, present participle supporting, simple past and past participle supported)

  1. (transitive) To keep from falling.
    Synonyms: underprop, uphold, stut
  2. (transitive) To answer questions and resolve problems regarding something sold.
  3. (transitive) To back a cause, party, etc., mentally or with concrete aid.
    Antonym: oppose
  4. (transitive) To help, particularly financially.
  5. To verify; to make good; to substantiate; to establish; to sustain.
    • 1754, Jonathan Edwards, The Freedom of the Will
      to urge such arguments, as though they were sufficient to support and demonstrate a whole scheme of moral philosophy
  6. (transitive) To serve, as in a customer-oriented mindset; to give support to.
  7. (transitive) To be designed (said of machinery, electronics, or computers, or their parts, accessories, peripherals, or programming) to function compatibly with or provide the capacity for.
  8. (transitive) To be accountable for, or involved with, but not responsible for.
  9. (archaic) To endure without being overcome; bear; undergo; to tolerate.
    • This fierce demeanour and his insolence / The patience of a god could not support.
    • 1881, Robert Louis Stevenson, Virginibus Puerisque:
      For a strong affection such moments are worth supporting, and they will end well; for your advocate is in your lover’s heart and speaks her own language []
  10. To assume and carry successfully, as the part of an actor; to represent or act; to sustain.
Derived terms
  • supportable
  • supported
  • supportive
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English support, from Anglo-Norman and Middle French support. Displaced Old English underwreþung.

Noun

support (countable and uncountable, plural supports)

  1. (sometimes attributive) Something which supports.
  2. Financial or other help.
  3. Answers to questions and resolution of problems regarding something sold.
    Hyponyms: first-level support, second-level support, third-level support
  4. (mathematics) in relation to a function, the set of points where the function is not zero, or the closure of that set.
    Antonym: kernel
  5. (fuzzy set theory) A set whose elements are at least partially included in a given fuzzy set (i.e., whose grade of membership in that fuzzy set is strictly greater than zero).
  6. Evidence.
  7. (computing) Compatibility and functionality for a given product or feature.
  8. An actor playing a subordinate part with a star.
  9. An accompaniment in music.
  10. (gymnastics) Clipping of support position.
  11. (structural analysis) Horizontal, vertical or rotational support of structures: movable, hinged, fixed. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
Hyponyms
  • moral support
  • (military): combat support
Derived terms
  • support act
  • support group
Translations

French

Etymology

From the verb supporter.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sy.pɔʁ/

Noun

support m (plural supports)

  1. support
  2. base
  3. (heraldry) supporter

Further reading

  • “support” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

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