deform vs wring what difference

what is difference between deform and wring



From Middle English deformen, borrowed from Old French deformer, from Latin deformare, infinitive of deformo, from de- + formo (to form), from the noun forma (form).


  • (UK) IPA(key): /dɪˈfɔːm/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(r)m


deform (third-person singular simple present deforms, present participle deforming, simple past and past participle deformed)

  1. (transitive) To change the form of, usually negatively; to give (something) an unusual or abnormal shape.
    • 1693, Joseph Moxon, Mechanick Exercises, London: J. Moxon, 2nd ed., “Continued in the Art of Joynery,” § 22, p. 90,[1]
      […] you must take care to keep the Bitt straight to the Hole you pierce, lest you deform the Hole, or break the Bitt.
    • 1847, Emily Brontë, Wuthering Heights, London: Thomas Cautley Newby, Volume 1, Chapter 13, p. 323,[2]
      […] deep indentations deformed the panels of the walls.
    • 1886, Robert Louis Stevenson, Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, London: Longmans, Green, “The Last Night,” pp. 75-76,[3]
      Your master, Poole, is plainly seized with one of those maladies that both torture and deform the sufferer; hence, for aught I know, the alteration of his voice; hence the mask and his avoidance of his friends […]
    • 2000, Michael Chabon, The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier and Clay, New York: Random House, Part 3, Chapter 2, p. 178,[4]
      […] Joe’s thick thatch of curls had been deformed by his headgear into a kind of glossy black hat […]
  2. (transitive) To change the looks of, usually negatively; to give something an unusual or abnormal appearance.
    Synonym: disfigure
    a face deformed by bitterness
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, London: William Ponsonbie, Book 3, Canto 6, p. 483,[5]
      Some of them washing with the liquid dew
      From of their dainty limbs the dusty sweat,
      And soyle which did deforme their liuely hew,
    • 1774, Henry Home, Lord Kames, Sketches of the History of Man, Dublin: James Williams, Volume 3, Sketch 12, p. 102,[6]
      […] their faces and bodies being deformed with paint, in order to terrify the enemy.
    • 1933, Gertrude Stein, The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas, New York: Harcourt, Brace, Chapter 3, p. 49,[7]
      Matisse at that time was at work at his first big decoration, Le Bonheur de Vivre. […] It was in this picture that Matisse first clearly realised his intention of deforming the drawing of the human body in order to harmonise and intensify the colour values of all the simple colours mixed only with white.
  3. (transitive) To mar the character of.
    a marriage deformed by jealousy
    • c. 1594, William Shakespeare, Love’s Labour’s Lost, Act V, Scene 2,[8]
      […] your beauty, ladies,
      Hath much deform’d us, fashioning our humours
      Even to the opposed end of our intents:
    • 1659, John Evelyn, A Character of England, London: Jo. Crooke, p. 28,[9]
      […] a Cento of unheard of Heresies […] which, at present, deform the once renowned Church of England;
    • 1742, Samuel Richardson, Pamela, London: S. Richardson, Volume 3, Letter 32, p. 240,[10]
      It made me tremble a little […] to think what a sad thing Passion is, when Way is given to its ungovernable Tumults, and how it deforms and debases the noblest Minds!
    • 1772, George Colman, Prologue, in Elizabeth Griffith, A Wife in the Right, London: for the author,[11]
      While narrow prejudice deform’d the age,
      No actress play’d, no female trod the Stage;
    • 1848, James Fenimore Cooper, The Oak Openings, New York: Burgess, Stringer, Volume 1, Chapter 10, p. 149,[12]
      […] the thousand and one sins that disgrace and deform society,
  4. (transitive) To alter the shape of by stress.
  5. (intransitive) To become misshapen or changed in shape.
    • 1974, Robert M. Pirsig, Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance, New York: Bantam, 1984, Part 2, Chapter 11, p. 117,[13]
      […] that metal’s hard and shiny and cold to the touch and deforms without breaking under blows from a harder material […]


  • distort, contort


  • buckle
  • warp

Derived terms

  • deformable
  • deformer
  • retrodeform

Related terms

  • deformation
  • deformity



deform (comparative more deform, superlative most deform)

  1. (obsolete) Having an unusual and unattractive shape.
    Synonyms: deformed, disfigured, misshapen
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, I.xii:
      who so kild that monster most deforme, / And him in hardy battaile ouercame, / Should haue mine onely daughter to his Dame []
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 10, lines 491-492,[14]
      Sight so deform what heart of Rock could long
      Drie-ey’d behold?
    • 1785, William Cowper, The Task, London: J. Johnson, Book 1, p. 28,[15]
      The common overgrown with fern, and rough
      With prickly goss, that shapeless and deform
      And dang’rous to the touch, has yet its bloom
    • 1820, John Keats, The Eve of St. Agnes, stanza 42, in Lamia, Isabella, The Eve of St. Agnes, and Other Poems, London: Taylor and Hessey, p. 104,[16]
      Angela the old
      Died palsy-twitch’d, with meagre face deform;


  • formed


Etymology 1

From Middle English wryngen, wringen, from Old English wringan, from Proto-Germanic *wringaną (compare West Frisian wringe, Low German wringen, Dutch wringen, German ringen ‘to wrestle’), from Proto-Indo-European *wrenǵʰ- (compare Lithuanian reñgtis (to bend down), Ancient Greek ῥίμφα (rhímpha, fast)), nasalized variant of *werǵʰ- ‘bind, squeeze’. More at worry.


  • enPR: rĭng, IPA(key): /ɹɪŋ/
  • Homophone: ring
  • Rhymes: -ɪŋ


wring (third-person singular simple present wrings, present participle wringing, simple past wrung or wrang or (obsolete) wringed, past participle wrung or (obsolete) wringed)

  1. To squeeze or twist (something) tightly so that liquid is forced out. See also wring out.
    • 1838, Edgar Allan Poe, The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket, London: Wiley and Putnam, Chapter 13, p. 152,[1]
      [] we contrived to satisfy the cravings of thirst by suffering the shirts to become saturated, and then wringing them so as to let the grateful fluid trickle into our mouths.
    • 1933, George Orwell, Down and Out in Paris and London, London: Victor Gollancz, Chapter 21, p. 154,[2]
      [] he had sometimes wrung a dirty dishcloth into a customer’s soup before taking it in, just to be revenged upon a member of the bourgeoisie.
    • 1988, Anne Tyler, Breathing Lessons, New York: Knopf, Part 1, Chapter 1, p. 15,[3]
      “I feel I’ve been wrung through a wringer,” Maggie said.
  2. To extract (a liquid) from something wet, especially cloth, by squeezing and twisting it.
    • 1611, King James Version of the Bible, Judges 6.38,[4]
      He rose up early on the morrow, and thrust the fleece together, and wringed the dew out of the fleece.
    • 1748, Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Roderick Random, London: J. Osborn, Volume 1, Chapter 14, p. 107,[5]
      [He] wrung the urine out of his perriwig, and lifting up a large stone, flung it with such force against the street-door of that house from whence he had been bedewed, that the lock giving way, it flew wide open,
    • 1952, Zora Neale Hurston, Dust Tracks on a Road, New York: Arno Press and The New York Times, 1969, Chapter 8, p. 128,[6]
      Heinz could have wrung enough vinegar out of Cally’s look to run his pickle works.
    • 1989, John Irving, A Prayer for Owen Meany, New York: William Morrow, Chapter 8, p. 381,[7]
      [] he was thrilled by the spectacle of wringing his own blood from the sodden gauze pad into the sodden towel.
  3. To obtain (something from or out of someone or something) by force.
    The police said they would wring the truth out of that heinous criminal.
    • c. 1590, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part 3, Act III, Scene 1,[8]
      No, Harry, Harry, ’tis no land of thine;
      Thy place is fill’d, thy sceptre wrung from thee,
    • 1741, Samuel Richardson, Pamela; or, Virtue Rewarded, London: C. Rivington and J. Osborn, Volume 1, Letter 31, p. 268,[9]
      Torture should not wring it from me, I assure you.
    • 1910, Emma Goldman, “Prisons: A Social Crime and Failure” in Anarchism and Other Essays, New York: Mother Earth Publishing Association, pp. 129-130,[10]
      [] the enormous profits thus wrung from convict labor are a constant incentive to the contractors to exact from their unhappy victims tasks altogether beyond their strength []
    • 1931, Pearl S. Buck, The Good Earth, New York: John Day, Chapter 3, p. 35,[11]
      He took his life from this earth; drop by drop by his sweat he wrung food from it and from the food, silver.
    • 1970, Robertson Davies, Fifth Business, Toronto: Macmillan, Part 6, Chapter 2, p. 278,[12]
      [] his confidences were not wrung from him against his will but gushed like oil from a well
  4. To draw (something from or out of someone); to generate (something) as a response.
    Synonyms: elicit, provoke
    • c. 1598, William Shakespeare, Much Ado about Nothing, Act V, Scene 1,[13]
      Your over-kindness doth wring tears from me!
    • 1846, Charlotte Brontë, “Evening Solace” in Poems by Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell, London: Smith, Elder, p. 122,[14]
      And thoughts that once wrung groans of anguish,
      Now cause but some mild tears to flow.
  5. To hold (something) tightly and press or twist.
    (Synonyms: strangle, throttle)
    • 1611, King James Version of the Bible, Leviticus 1.15,[15]
      The priest shall bring it [a dove] unto the altar, and wring off his head,
    • 1855, Elizabeth Gaskell, North and South, London: Chapman & Hall, Volume 1, Chapter 16, p. 195,[16]
      Margaret could not speak for crying; but she wrung his hand at parting.
    • 1915, Lucy Maud Montgomery, Anne of the Island, Boston: Page, Chapter 40, p. 316,[17]
      The Haunted Wood was full of the groans of mighty trees wrung in the tempest,
    • 1929, William Faulkner, The Sound and the Fury, New York: Vintage, 1956, “April Eighth, 1928,” p. 379,[18]
      Jason stood, slowly wringing the brim of his hat in his hands.
    • 2008, Aravind Adiga, The White Tiger, London: Atlantic Books, p. 202,[19]
      [] I had to wring your ears to make you do any work.
  6. To cause pain or distress to (someone / one’s heart, soul, etc.).
    Synonyms: torment, torture
    • 1622, Francis Bacon, The Historie of the Raigne of King Henry the Seuenth, London: Matthew Lownes and William Barret, p. 37,[20]
      [] the King began to find where his Shooe did wring him, and that it was his depressing of the House of YORKE, that did ranckle and fester the affections of his People.
    • 1702, Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England, Oxford, 1707, Volume 1, Part 1, Book , p. 60,[21]
      [] too much griev’d, and wrung by an uneasy and streight Fortune;
    • 1713, Joseph Addison, Cato, a Tragedy, London: J. Tonson, Act 1, Scene 1, p. 3,[22]
      [] didst thou taste but half the Griefs
      That wring my Soul, thou cou’dst not talk thus coldly.
    • 1886, Robert Louis Stevenson, Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, London: Longmans, Green, “Henry Jekyll’s Full Statement of the Case,” p. 135,[23]
      [] a stringent and profound slumber which not even the nightmares that wrung me could avail to break
    • 1927, Virginia Woolf To the Lighthouse, London: The Hogarth Press, Part 3, section 6, p. 275,[24]
      And then to want and not to have—to want and want—how that wrung the heart, and wrung it again and again!
  7. To slide two ultraflat surfaces together such that their faces bond.
    • 2010, Mikhail Grishin, Advances in Solid State Lasers: Development and Applications, BoD – Books on Demand (→ISBN), page 186:
      The uncertainty of wringing effect is 6.9 nm, which can be determined by wringing the same gauge block on the base plate repeatedly. The uncertainty of optical components can be estimated by wave-front errors of each components, λ/10~ …
    • 2001, Jennifer E. Decker, Nicholas Brown, Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers, European Optical Society, Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft Lasertechnik, Recent Developments in Traceable Dimensional Measurements: 20-21 June 2001, Munich, Germany, Society of Photo Optical (→ISBN)
      The surface finish of the ceramic platen appears very similar to that of the gauge block by eye . The pack experiment method to evaluate phase correction is valuable in that the differences associated with wringing two different materials and …
    • 1997, Bulletin of NRLM.
      The number of optical wringing procedures performed for each gauge block was five , and the number of measurements for each wringing procedure was eleven . Figure 10 shows the dispersion of ( EGB + ESUB ) for gauge block GB – 100A …
    • 1922, Canada. Patent Office, The Canadian Patent Office Record and Register of Copyrights and Trade Marks
      A gauge block provided with a flat surface adapted to have wringing engagement with a similar surface of another block and having uniformly distributed approximately straight scratches extending in all directions. 5. A gauge block provided …
  8. (intransitive, obsolete) To twist, as if in pain.
    Synonym: writhe
    • c. 1598, William Shakespeare, Much Ado about Nothing, Act V, Scene 1,[25]
      [] ’tis all men’s office to speak patience
      To those that wring under the load of sorrow.
  9. (obsolete) To give an incorrect meaning to (words, teachings, etc.).
    Synonyms: distort, pervert, twist, wrest
    • 1572, John Whitgift, An Answere to a Certen Libel Intituled, An Admonition to the Parliament, London: Humfrey Toy, p. 39,[26]
      Lord how dare these men thus wring the scriptures?
  10. (obsolete) To subject (someone) to extortion; to afflict or oppress in order to enforce compliance.
    • c. 1590,, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part 2, Act V, Scene 1,[27]
      To wring the widow from her custom’d right,
    • 1630, John Hayward, The Life and Raigne of King Edward the Sixt, London: John Partridge, p. 144,[28]
      [] the Merchant aduenturers haue beene often wronged and wringed to the quicke,
  11. (nautical) To bend or strain out of its position.
Derived terms


wring (plural wrings)

  1. A powerful squeezing or twisting action.
    I grasped his hand and gave it a grateful wring.
    • 1697, John Vanbrugh, The Relapse, London: Samuel Briscoe, Act III, p. 45,[29]
      Lo[ry]. [] I have been in a lamentable fright, Sir, ever since your Conscience had the Impudence to intrude into your Company.
      Y[oung] Fas[hion]. Be at peace; it will come there no more: My Brother has given it a wring by the Nose, and I have kick’d it down Stairs.
    • 1883, Robert Louis Stevenson, Treasure Island, London: Cassell, Part 3, Chapter 15, p. 123,[30]
      He was still holding me by the wrist, and at that he gave it quite a wring.
    • 1919, Henry Blake Fuller, Bertram Cope’s Year, Chicago: Ralph Fletcher Seymour, Chapter 6, p. 63,[31]
      I tried not to give his poor hand too much of a wring (another of my bad habits); but he took all I gave and even seemed to hang on for a little more.
  2. (obsolete) Pain or distress.
    • 1637, Robert Monro, Monro His Expedition with the Worthy Scots Regiment, London, “The first Observation,” p. 3,[32]
      When we have good dayes we slight them, when they are gone, we sinke under the wring of sorrow, for their losse;


  • wring in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • wring in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Etymology 2

From Middle English wrynge (press), from Old English wringe.



  1. (archaic) A device for pressing or compressing, especially for cider.
    Synonym: press
    • 1891, Thomas Hardy, Tess of the d’Urbervilles, London: James R. Osgood, Volume 2, Phase 3, Chapter 23, p. 32,[36]
      They tossed and turned on their little beds, and the cheese-wring dripped monotonously downstairs.
Derived terms
  • cider-wring
  • wring-house





  1. first-person singular present indicative of wringen
  2. imperative of wringen

Middle English



  1. Alternative form of wryngen

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