deliquium vs faint what difference

what is difference between deliquium and faint

English

Etymology

From Latin delinquere (to lack, to fail).

Noun

deliquium (plural deliquiums)

  1. (chemistry) Liquefaction through absorption of moisture from the air.
  2. (pathology) An abrupt loss of consciousness usually caused by an insufficient blood flow to the brain; fainting.
    • If he be locked in a close room, he is afraid of being stifled for want of air, and still carries biscuit, aquavitæ, or some strong waters about him, for fear of deliquiums, or being sick []
  3. (literary, figuratively) A languid, maudlin mood.
  4. (rare) An abrupt absence of sunlight, e.g. caused by an eclipse.

Latin

Noun

dēliquium n (genitive dēliquiī or dēliquī); second declension

  1. want, defect
  2. failure
  3. eclipse

Declension

Second-declension noun (neuter).

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

References

  • deliquium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • deliquium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /feɪnt/
  • Rhymes: -eɪnt
  • Homophone: feint

Etymology 1

From Middle English faynt, feynt (weak; feeble), from Old French faint, feint (feigned; negligent; sluggish), past participle of feindre, faindre (to feign; sham; work negligently), from Latin fingere (to touch, handle, usually form, shape, frame, form in thought, imagine, conceive, contrive, devise, feign).

Adjective

faint (comparative fainter, superlative faintest)

  1. (of a being) Lacking strength; weak; languid; inclined to lose consciousness
  2. Lacking courage, spirit, or energy; cowardly; dejected
    • 1789, Robert Burns, to Dr. Blacklock
      Faint heart ne’er won fair lady.
  3. Barely perceptible; not bright, or loud, or sharp
  4. Performed, done, or acted, weakly; not exhibiting vigor, strength, or energy
  5. Slight; minimal.
    • 2005, Lesley Brown (translator), Plato, Sophist, 243b.
      do you have the faintest understanding of what they mean?
Derived terms
  • damn with faint praise
  • fainten
  • faint-hearted
  • faintish
  • faintling
  • faintly
  • faintness
Translations

Noun

faint (plural faints)

  1. The act of fainting, syncope.
  2. (rare) The state of one who has fainted; a swoon.
Derived terms
  • faintful
  • faintless
  • faintsome
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English fainten, feynten, from the adjective (see above).

Verb

faint (third-person singular simple present faints, present participle fainting, simple past and past participle fainted)

  1. (intransitive) To lose consciousness through a lack of oxygen or nutrients to the brain, usually as a result of suddenly reduced blood flow (may be caused by emotional trauma, loss of blood or various medical conditions).
    • If I send them away fasting [] they will faint by the way.
    • September 22 1713, Richard Steele, The Guardian No. 167
      But upon hearing the Honour which he intended her , she fainted away , and fell down as Dead at his Feet
  2. (intransitive) To lose courage or spirit; to become depressed or despondent.
  3. (intransitive) To decay; to disappear; to vanish.
    • November 12, 1711, Alexander Pope, letter to Henry Cromwell
      Gilded clouds, while we gaze upon them, faint before the eye.
Synonyms
  • (to lose consciousness): pass out, swoon, sweb, black out, keel over
  • queal
Translations

Further reading

  • faint in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • faint in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • faint at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • Fanti, fitna

Cimbrian

Etymology

From Middle High German vīnt, vīent, vīant, from Old High German fīant, fīand, from Proto-Germanic *fijandz (enemy, fiend). Cognate with German Feind, English fiend.

Noun

fàint m (plural fainte)

  1. (Sette Comuni) enemy, fiend

References

  • “faint” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Welsh

Alternative forms

  • pa faint (literary)

Etymology

Shortened from pa faint (what amount).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /vai̯nt/

Pronoun

faint

  1. how much, how many

Usage notes

Faint means either how many, followed by o and the plural form of a noun with soft mutation, or how much, preceding o and the singular form of a noun, again with soft mutation. Sawl corresponds only to English how many and is followed by the singular form of a noun.


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