depose vs swear what difference

what is difference between depose and swear

English

Etymology

Recorded since c.1300, from Middle English, from Old French deposer, from de- (down) + poser (to put, place). Deposition (1494 in the legal sense) belongs to deposit, but that related word and depose became thoroughly confused.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /dɪˈpəʊz/
  • (US) IPA(key): /diˈpoʊz/, /dəˈpoʊz/
  • Rhymes: -əʊz

Verb

depose (third-person singular simple present deposes, present participle deposing, simple past and past participle deposed)

  1. (literally, transitive) To put down; to lay down; to deposit; to lay aside; to put away.
    • additional mud deposed upon it
  2. (transitive) To remove (a leader) from (high) office, without killing the incumbent.
    A deposed monarch may go into exile as pretender to the lost throne, hoping to be restored in a subsequent revolution.
    • 1643, William Prynne, The Soveraigne Power of Parliaments and Kingdomes
      a tyrant over his subjects, and therefore worthy to be deposed
  3. (law, intransitive) To give evidence or testimony, especially in response to interrogation during a deposition
  4. (law, transitive) To interrogate and elicit testimony from during a deposition; typically done by a lawyer.
    After we deposed the claimant we had enough evidence to avoid a trial.
  5. (intransitive) To take or swear an oath.
  6. To testify; to bear witness; to claim; to assert; to affirm.
    • c. 1598, Francis Bacon, The Office of Compositions for Alienations
      to depose the yearly rent or valuation of lands

Synonyms

  • declare

Antonyms

  • restore

Derived terms

  • deposable
  • deposal

Related terms

  • deponent
  • deposit
  • deposition
  • depositio de bene esse

Translations

Anagrams

  • Speedo, epodes, speedo

Ido

Etymology

From depos (since, afterward) +‎ -e (adverb).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /de.ˈpo.se/, /dɛ.ˈpɔ.sɛ/

Adverb

depose

  1. since, from that time, thence, thenceforth

Related terms

  • depos ke (since)

Italian

Verb

depose

  1. third-person singular past historic of deporre


English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /swɛə/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /swɛɚ/
  • Rhymes: -ɛə(ɹ)

Etymology 1

From Middle English sweren, swerien, from Old English swerian (to swear, take an oath of office), from Proto-West Germanic *swarjan, from Proto-Germanic *swarjaną (to speak, swear), from Proto-Indo-European *swer- (to swear).

Cognate with West Frisian swarre (to swear), Saterland Frisian swera (to swear), Dutch zweren (to swear, vow), Low German swören (to swear), sweren, German schwören (to swear), Danish sværge, Swedish svära (to swear), Icelandic sverja (to swear), Russian свара (svara, quarrel). Also cognate to Albanian var (to hang, consider, to depend from) through Proto-Indo-European.

The original sense in all Germanic languages is “to take an oath”. The sense “to use bad language” developed in Middle English and is based on the Christian prohibition against swearing in general (cf. Matthew 5:33-37) and invoking God’s name in particular (i.e. frequent swearing was considered similar to the use of obscene words).

Verb

swear (third-person singular simple present swears, present participle swearing, simple past swore or (archaic) sware, past participle sworn or yswore)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To take an oath, to promise.
    • The Bat—they called him the Bat. []. He’d never been in stir, the bulls had never mugged him, he didn’t run with a mob, he played a lone hand, and fenced his stuff so that even the fence couldn’t swear he knew his face.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To use offensive, profane, or obscene language.
Usage notes
  • In sense 1, this is a catenative verb that takes the to infinitive. See Appendix:English catenative verbs
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:swear word
  • See also Thesaurus:swear
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From the above verb, or from Middle English sware, from Old English swaru, from Proto-Germanic *swarō.

Noun

swear (plural swears)

  1. A swear word.
    • 1892, Robert Louis Stevenson, The Beach of Falesá
      You might think it funny to hear this Kanaka girl come out with a big swear. No such thing. There was no swearing in her — no, nor anger; she was beyond anger, and meant the word simple and serious.

Etymology 3

From Middle English swere, swer, swar, from Old English swǣr, swār (heavy, heavy as a burden, of great weight, oppressive, grievous, painful, unpleasant, sad, feeling or expressing grief, grave, slow, dull, sluggish, slothful, indolent, inactive from weakness, enfeebled, weak), from Proto-West Germanic *swār, from Proto-Germanic *swēraz (heavy), from Proto-Indo-European *swer- (heavy).

Cognate with West Frisian swier (heavy), Dutch zwaar (heavy, hard, difficult), German schwer (heavy, hard, difficult), Swedish svår (heavy, hard, severe), Latin sērius (earnest, grave, solemn, serious) and Albanian varrë (wound, plague).

Alternative forms

  • sweer, sweir, swere

Adjective

swear (comparative swearer or more swear, superlative swearest or most swear)

  1. (Britain dialectal) Heavy.
  2. (Britain dialectal) Top-heavy; too high.
  3. (Britain dialectal) Dull; heavy; lazy; slow; reluctant; unwilling.
  4. (Britain dialectal) Niggardly.
  5. (Britain dialectal) A lazy time; a short rest during working hours (especially field labour); a siesta.
Derived terms

Verb

swear (third-person singular simple present swears, present participle swearing, simple past and past participle sweared)

  1. (Britain dialectal) To be lazy; rest for a short while during working hours.

References

  • swear at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • resaw, sawer, sware, wares, wears

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